EUROPAM

European Public Accountability Mechanisms

Slovenia

Country score (European Average*)
  • 77(66) Political Financing
  • 87(53) Financial Disclosure
  • 81(37) Conflict of Interest
  • 87(59) Freedom of Information
  • 63(62) Public Procurement

Country Facts

IncomeHigh
GNI per capita (2011 PPP $)28370.76
Population, total2064845.00
Urban population (% of total)49.63
Internet users (per 100 people)75.50
Life expectancy at birth (years)81.08
Mean years of schooling (years)12.1
Global Competitiveness Index4.5
Sources: World Bank, UNDP, WEF.

Political Financing

The Elections and Referenda Campaign Act  (1994 as amended 2013) and the Political Parties Act (2007, amended 2013) have been superseded by the Political Parties Act (2013) ZPoIS-E and the Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (2013) ZVRK-B, bringing changes to the law.

There are some restrictions on the income of political parties. Donations from foreign entities and anonymous donors are banned, as well as donations from corporations. Trade unions are permitted to donate. There are limits on donations to parties both during and outside of election periods.

Public funding is available for parties and is allocated based on the share of votes attained in the previous election. There are specific rules regarding subsidized access for the media which is allocated equally.

For regulation on spending, there is a ban on vote buying but not on state resources being used in favour or against a political party or candidate. There are limits on spending.

Parties are required to report on their finances annually and the reports are required to be made public. Reports must reveal financial information in relation to election campaigns and must reveal the identity of donors, if the contributions of natural persons exceed the average gross monthly salary. Reports are overseen by the Court of Auditors of the Republic of Slovenia. There are sanctions in the form of fines and loss of public funding for those breaching the provisions of the law.


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

20122015201620172020Trend
Bans and limits on private income6969696969
Public funding7562626262
Regulations on spending10075757575
Reporting, oversight and sanctions100100100100100

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Bans and limits on private income

Bans on donations from foreign interests

Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties? Yes. It is prohibited for a Party to acquire funds from contributions of foreign private citizens, legal entities and natural persons, or from Party's property incomings from abroad, from bequests and gifts from abroad, or to acquire any funds or perform any services for a Party from abroad.‌ (Article 21 Political Parties Act (ZPoIS), 1994, amended 2014)
Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates? Yes. It is prohibited for a Party to acquire funds from contributions of foreign private citizens, legal entities and natural persons, or from Party's property incomings from abroad, from bequests and gifts from abroad, or to acquire any funds or perform any services for a Party from abroad.‌ (Article 21 Political Parties Act (ZPoIS), 1994, amended 2014)

Bans on corporate donations

Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties? Yes. State bodies, local authorities, legal persons of public and private law and sole proprietors and individuals who engaged in an activity should not fund the election campaign, unless the law provides otherwise. Legal entities of private law, aimed at the creation of non-profit, can contribute contributions for the referendum campaign (Article 14 (5) Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (ZVRK), 2007, amended 2013)
Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates? Yes. State bodies, local authorities, legal persons of public and private law and sole proprietors and individuals who engaged in an activity should not fund the election campaign, unless the law provides otherwise. Legal entities of private law, aimed at the creation of non-profit, can contribute contributions for the referendum campaign (Article 14 (5) Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (ZVRK), 2007, amended 2013)
Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties? Yes. State bodies, local authorities, legal persons of public and private law and sole proprietors and individuals who engaged in an activity should not fund the election campaign, unless the law provides otherwise. Legal entities of private law, aimed at the creation of non-profit, can contribute contributions for the referendum campaign (Article 14 (5) Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (ZVRK), 2007, amended 2013)
Is there a ban on donations from corporations of partial government ownership to political parties? Yes. State bodies, local authorities, legal persons of public and private law and sole proprietors and individuals who engaged in an activity should not fund the election campaign, unless the law provides otherwise. Legal entities of private law, aimed at the creation of non-profit, can contribute contributions for the referendum campaign (Article 14 (5) Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (ZVRK), 2007, amended 2013)
Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates? No. Absent from legal framework
Is there a ban on donations from corporations of partial government ownership to candidates? No. Absent from legal framework

Bans on donations from trade unions

Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties? No. Absent from legal framework
Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates? No. Absent from legal framework

Bans on anonymous donations

Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties? Yes. In contributing the contribution of the parties must be natural persons in addition to the amount of a given amount of the party to ensure the legality financial business Parties under this Act shall also communicate details of its name, surname, date of birth and address (Art 22 Political Parties Act (ZPoIS), 1994, amended 2014)
Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates? Yes. In contributing the contribution of the parties must be natural persons in addition to the amount of a given amount of the party to ensure the legality financial business Parties under this Act shall also communicate details of its name, surname, date of birth and address (Art 22 Political Parties Act (ZPoIS), 1994, amended 2014)

Other bans on donations

Is there a ban on state resources being given to or received by political parties or candidates (excluding regulated public funding)? No. Absent from legal framework
Is there a ban on any other form of donation? Yes. Legal entities of private law, aimed at the creation of non-profit, can contribute contributions for the referendum campaign (Art 14(5) Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (ZVRK), 2007, amended 2013)

Donation limits

Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party over a time period (not election specific)? Yes. Contributions to individual natural persons referred to in this article may not be in total in the year for which the annual work report of parties, exceed ten times the average gross monthly wage per worker in the Republic of Slovenia by the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia for the previous year. (Art 22 Political Parties Act (ZPoIS), 1994, amended 2014)
Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party in relation to an election? Yes. Contributions to individual natural persons in total for each of the electoral campaign should not exceed ten average gross monthly wage per worker in the Republic of Slovenia by the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia for the previous year (Art 14 Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (ZVRK), 2007, amended 2013)
Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate? Yes. Same as for political Parties. 10 times the previous year’s average monthly wage (Art 14 Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (ZVRK), 2007, amended 2013)

Public funding 

Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties

Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of votes in previous election Yes. Parties who are in the last elections to the National Assembly a candidate of their candidate or candidates have a right to funding from the state Budget if they are in the country receive at least 1% of votes voters. (Art 23 Political Parties Act (ZPoIS), 1994, amended 2014)
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Representation in elected body No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Participation in election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Number of candidates No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of seats in previous election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of votes in next election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Registration as a political party No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of seats in next election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Number of members No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Other No. Absent from legal framework

Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties

Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Proportional to votes received Yes. 25% equally, 75% proportionally by votes won in all constituencies. Parties in the first and second paragraphs of this Article shall be entitled to 25% of the funds earmarked in the budget for funding of political parties, in equal shares to the remaining 75% of funds were justified in proportion to the number of votes of the voters who have received in all constituencies. Parties who have submitted a joint candidate list, sharing the assets acquired on the basis of proportional sharing, in accordance with the mutual agreement if no agreement has been concluded, but the same proportions. (Art 23 Political Parties Act (ZPoIS), 1994, amended 2014)
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Equal No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Proportional to seats received No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Flat rate by votes received No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Share of expenses reimbursed No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Proportional to candidates fielded No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Number of members No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Other No. Absent from legal framework

Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties

Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Campaign spending No. Absent from legal framework
Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Ongoing party activities No. Absent from legal framework
Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Intra-party institution No. Absent from legal framework
Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Other No. Absent from legal framework

Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties

Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Equal Yes. Issuers of other print and electronic media in a direct or indirect majority public ownership should ensure that all organizers of a level playing field for the publication of election propaganda messages with the rules laid down in the first paragraph, they must ensure equality of the organizers of the election campaign in the presentation of candidates and their programs in which may be made for specific terms or the space for political parties that are already represented in the National Assembly or for political parties and candidate lists that are already represented in representative bodies of local communities, and specific dates or room for political parties and candidate lists not yet represented in the National Assembly or the representative organs of local communities (Art 6 (3) Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (ZVRK), 2007, amended 2013)
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Number of candidates No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Share of seats No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Share of votes in preceding election No. Absent from legal framework ( )
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Other No. Absent from legal framework
Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates? Yes. Not later than within 45 days before the voting day at elections or 25 days before the voting day at referendum the public media must determine and publish the rules (scope, conditions and methods) for the use of broadcasting time and newspaper space for presentation of candidates, political parties and their programmes or presentation of opinions on the referendum question.‌ (2) During the elections campaign, Radiotelevizija Slovenija shall provide broadcasting time for presentation of candidates or opinions on the referendum question in compliance with the provisions of the act regulating Radiotelevizija Slovenija on political campaign in the programmes of Radiotelevizija Slovenija.‌ (Election and Referendum Campaign Act (Article 6 (1) Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (ZVRK), 2007, amended 2013)

Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?

Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Premises for campaign meetings No. Absent from legal framework
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Space for campaign materials Yes. Local government bodies shall provide all campaigns with free advertising space (without charging tax). (1) Sticking and posting posters containing elections campaign communications for the elections campaign (hereinafter referred to as posters) shall be allowed on poster locations determined by the local community.‌ The local community shall provide to all organizers of elections campaign free of cost and without the payment of municipal tax, equality in sticking and posting of posters at all poster locations whose number and total area shall allow to a particular elections campaign organizer at least the basic informing of the voters in the local community on the list of candidates or candidate or on the referendum question.‌ (2) The local community may also determine additional poster locations, but these shall be available to elections campaign organizers solely under certain conditions and against payment.‌ (3) Sixty days before the voting day at elections at the latest or 25 days before the voting day at referendum at the latest the local community must give public notice of the conditions for acquisition of the right to use the poster locations referred to in the two preceding paragraphs of this Article.‌ (4) The local community public utility service shall be responsible for removing the posters posted in conflict with the provisions of this Article and shall remove such posters at the expense of the organizer of the elections campaign.‌ (Election and Referendum Campaign Act (Article 8 Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (ZVRK), 2007, amended 2013)
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Tax relief No. Absent from legal framework
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Free or subsidised transport No. Absent from legal framework
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Free or subsidised postage cost No. Absent from legal framework
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Other No. Absent from legal framework
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No. Absent from legal framework
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No. Absent from legal framework

Regulations on spending 

Is there a ban on vote buying? Yes. Anyone who by force, serious threat, bribery, deception, or other unfair method of coercion or influence, in order for the election or vote to vote or not to vote or not to vote in force or to vote for or against a proposal shall be punished by a fine or imprisonment up to one year. (Art 151 Criminal code 2008. amended 2016)
Are there bans on state resources being used in favour or against a political party or candidate? No. Absent from legal framework
Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend? Yes. Limit is based on the number of eligible voters; exact limit depends on the type of election. (1) The costs of elections campaign for elections into the National Assembly shall not exceed EUR 0.‌40 per eligible voter in the electoral district or in the electoral unit, where the list of candidates has been deposited or where an individual stands as a candidate.‌ (2) The costs of the elections campaign for elections to the European Parliament shall not exceed EUR 0.‌40 per eligible voter in the country.‌ (3) The costs of the elections campaign for elections of the President of the Republic shall not exceed EUR 0.‌25 per eligible voter in the country.‌ In case of repeated voting the expenses of elections campaign for the persons standing as candidates in that voting may be increased by further EUR 0.‌15 per eligible voter in the country.‌ (4) The costs of the elections campaign for elections into the representative body of the local community shall not exceed EUR 0.‌40 per eligible voter in the local community.‌ (5) The costs of the elections campaign for elections of the individually elected body of the local community shall not exceed EUR 0.‌25 per eligible voter in the local community.‌ In case of repeated voting the expenses of elections campaign for the persons standing as candidates in that voting may be increased by further EUR 0.‌15 per eligible voter in the local community.‌ (6) The costs of referendum campaign at the national level or at the local community level shall not exceed EUR 0.‌25 per eligible voter in the country or the local community.‌ (Election and Referendum Campaign Act (Article 23 Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (ZVRK), 2007, amended 2013))
Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend? Yes. Same limit as for political parties. Depends on the type of election. (1) The costs of elections campaign for elections into the National Assembly shall not exceed EUR 0.‌40 per eligible voter in the electoral district or in the electoral unit, where the list of candidates has been deposited or where an individual stands as a candidate.‌ (2) The costs of the elections campaign for elections to the European Parliament shall not exceed EUR 0.‌40 per eligible voter in the country.‌ (3) The costs of the elections campaign for elections of the President of the Republic shall not exceed EUR 0.‌25 per eligible voter in the country.‌ In case of repeated voting the expenses of elections campaign for the persons standing as candidates in that voting may be increased by further EUR 0.‌15 per eligible voter in the country.‌ (4) The costs of the elections campaign for elections into the representative body of the local community shall not exceed EUR 0.‌40 per eligible voter in the local community.‌ (5) The costs of the elections campaign for elections of the individually elected body of the local community shall not exceed EUR 0.‌25 per eligible voter in the local community.‌ In case of repeated voting the expenses of elections campaign for the persons standing as candidates in that voting may be increased by further EUR 0.‌15 per eligible voter in the local community.‌ (6) The costs of referendum campaign at the national level or at the local community level shall not exceed EUR 0.‌25 per eligible voter in the country or the local community.‌ (Election and Referendum Campaign Act (Article 23 Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (ZVRK), 2007, amended 2013))

Reporting, oversight and sanctions 

Reporting standards

Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances? Yes. The party has for the past business year to produce an annual report in accordance with this Act and the accounting regulations and standards. The annual report for the previous financial year corresponds to the calendar year, the party to 31 March of the current year, in the case of status changes or termination within two months after the status change or termination, for the purpose of publication and national statistics to the Agency of the Republic of Slovenia Public Legal records and Related Services via the AJPES web portal. (Art 24 Political Parties Act (ZPoIS), 1994, amended 2014)
Do political parties have to report on their finances in relation to election campaigns? Yes. The organizer of the election campaign for elections to the National Assembly, the European Parliament, the President of the Republic or by referendum at national level must ensure transparency, legality of performance and effectiveness of supervision of the election campaign later than 15 days after the closure of the Special Transaction accounts report on the financing of election campaigns submitted to the Agency of the Republic of Slovenia for Public Legal Records and Related Services via the AJPES web portal. (Art 18 Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (ZVRK), 2007, amended 2013)
Do candidates have to report on their campaign finances? Yes. The organizer of the election campaign for elections to the National Assembly, the European Parliament, the President of the Republic or by referendum at national level must ensure transparency, legality of performance and effectiveness of supervision of the election campaign later than 15 days after the closure of the Special Transaction accounts report on the financing of election campaigns submitted to the Agency of the Republic of Slovenia for Public Legal Records and Related Services via the AJPES web portal. (Art 18 Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (ZVRK), 2007, amended 2013)
Is information in reports from political parties and/​or candidates to be made public? Yes. AJPES makes public the report of the 18 and 19 of this Act (about a report on the financing of election campaigns). (Art 21 Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (ZVRK), 2007, amended 2013 )
Must reports from political parties and/​or candidates reveal the identity of donors? Yes. If the contributions of natural persons referred to in this Article, the total amount in the year for which the annual work report of parties, exceed the average gross monthly salary must be made in the annual report gives information on the party's personal name and address of a natural person and the amount of the total annual amount which a natural person contributing parties. (Art 22Political Parties Act (ZPoIS), 1994, amended 2014)
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Electoral Management Board No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Auditing agency Yes. The organizer of the election campaign for members of representative and individually elected bodies of local communities or local referendum Communities must, within 15 days after closing the transaction account submitted to the representative body of the local community and the Court of Auditors report all collected and used for election campaign. (Art 19 Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (ZVRK), 2007, amended 2013)
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Ministry No. Absent from legal framework ( )
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Special institution No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Court No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Other Yes. (Local Community) The organizer of the election campaign for members of representative and individually elected bodies of local communities or local referendum Communities must, within 15 days after closing the transaction account submitted to the representative body of the local community and the Court of Auditors report all collected and used for election campaign. (Art 19 Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (ZVRK), 2007, amended 2013)

Political finance oversight

Is it specified that a particular institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/​or investigating violations?
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Court No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Ministry Yes. The supervision over the implementation of the provisions of this Act, where violations are defined by this Act and offenses carried out by the inspectorate responsible for Interior, with the exception of the implementation of the provisions of Articles 21, 22, first and second paragraphs of Article 24, 24a, 24b and the second paragraph of Article 25 of this Act, over which supervises Court of Auditors and the exercise of the provisions of paragraph 24 . hereof, above which supervises AJPES. (Art 27 Political Parties Act (ZPoIS), 1994, amended 2014)
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Auditing agency Yes. The Court of Auditors of the Republic of Slovenia (hereinafter: ECA), on the basis of publicly available reports referred to in the third paragraph of the 24th of this Act shall examine whether the annual report drawn up in accordance with Article 24 of this Law. Political Parties Act (ZPoIS), 1994, amended 2014 Art 27: The supervision over the implementation of the provisions of this Act, where violations are defined by this Act and offenses carried out by the inspectorate responsible for Interior, with the exception of the implementation of the provisions of Articles 21, 22, first and second paragraphs of Article 24, 24a, 24b and the second paragraph of Article 25 of this Act, over which supervises Court of Auditors and the exercise of the provisions of paragraph 24 . hereof, above which supervises AJPES. The Court of Auditors supervises the limits of the powers provided for by this law and the law governing the jurisdiction of the Court. Inspection and other state authorities and holders of public powers, which in the execution of their tasks infringements of the provisions of the law in the first paragraph of this article must offenses body to submit a proposal for initiating criminal proceedings. (Art 24a Political Parties Act (ZPoIS), 1994, amended 2014.)
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Electoral Management Body No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Institution for this purpose No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Other Yes. Inspection and other state authorities and holders of public powers, which in the execution of their tasks infringements of the provisions of the law in the first paragraph of this article must offenses body to submit a proposal for initiating criminal proceedings. (Art 27 Political Parties Act (ZPoIS), 1994, amended 2014)
Other institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Court No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Ministry No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Auditing agency No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: EMB No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Institution for this purpose No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Other Yes. The supervision over the implementation of the provisions of this Act, where violations are defined by this Act and offenses carried out by the inspectorate responsible for Interior, with the exception of the implementation of the provisions of Articles 21, 22, first and second paragraphs of Article 24, 24a, 24b and the second paragraph of Article 25 of this Act, over which supervises Court of Auditors and the exercise of the provisions of paragraph 24 . hereof, above which supervises AJPES. The Court of Auditors supervises the limits of the powers provided for by this law and the law governing the jurisdiction of the Court. Inspection and other state authorities and holders of public powers, which in the execution of their tasks infringements of the provisions of the law in the first paragraph of this article must offenses body to submit a proposal for initiating criminal proceedings. (Art 27 Political Parties Act (ZPoIS), 1994, amended 2014)
Sanctions for political finance infractions
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Fines Yes. A fine of 4,200 to 21,000 euros shall be imposed on any party: 1. that within 30 days after receiving a financial report on the operations of the party for the previous year fails to remit surplus revenue Parties for humanitarian purposes (fourth paragraph of Article 21); 2. The receiving funds, contributions or other proceeds from illicit sources and are not paid for humanitarian purposes within 30 days of receipt (seventh paragraph of Article 21 and Article 25 in conjunction with the ninth paragraph of Article 22); 3. The receiving cash contributions in excess of the amount determined under the law governing the tax procedure, concerning the obligations remittance payments and revenue per transaction accounts, or via the payment service provider has received contributions in cash higher than the amount that is determined on the basis of the law regulating tax procedure, concerning the obligations remittance payments and receipts on current accounts that are not paid by credit or payments direct debits charged to the payer's payment account, and an additional 30-day deadline set by the Court of Auditors determined the audit report the court is not paid for humanitarian purposes (first paragraph of Article 22 in conjunction with the sixth paragraph of Article 24b); 4. that a natural person who performs services for it or she sells the goods, does not conclude the corresponding contract in writing (third paragraph of Article 22); 5. The acquiring of the same individuals one year of contributions in the amount exceeding ten times the average gross monthly salary, and the excess shall be paid into the humanitarian purposes in an additional 30-day deadline set by the audit report determined by the Court of Auditors (fourth paragraph of Article 22 in conjunction with the sixth paragraph of Article 24b); 6. not obtain loans under the conditions laid down in the fifth paragraph of Article 22 of this Act; 7. that the annual report does not indicate the party data from the sixth and seventh paragraphs of Article 22 of this Act; 8 which fails to fulfill its obligations under the third paragraph of Article 24 and the second paragraph of Article 24a of this Act; 9. that, at the request of the Court not to or does not provide the explanations, information or documents that are necessary to perform the audit, or not allow access in their books and records (the second paragraph of Article 24b). A fine of EUR 450 to EUR 900 shall be imposed on the responsible person of the party who commits an offense referred to in the preceding paragraph (Art 28. Political Parties Act (ZPoIS), 1994, amended 2014)
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of public funding Yes. The decision of the court on offense, where it is established that the party responsible for the violation of Articles 4, 5 or 8 of the first paragraph of Article 28 of this Law, the parties may also face loss of rights to resources from the state budget and the budgets of local communities for a period of one year. By decision of the court on offense, where it is established that the party is liable for the offense referred to in Articles 6, 7, 9 or 10 of the first paragraph of Article 28 of this Act, the party for a period of six months to halve the funding to which it is entitled from the state budget and the budgets of local communities. Temporary loss or temporary restrictions on the right to funding from the first and second paragraphs of this article comes from the following month after the final decision on the offense. (Art 24c Political Parties Act (ZPoIS), 1994, amended 2014)
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Penal/Criminal No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Forfeiture No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Deregistration of party No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of elected office No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Suspension of political party No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of nomination of candidate No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of political rights No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Other No. Absent from legal framework

Legislation

Political Parties Act (ZPoIS), 1994, amended 2014 (Slovenian)pdf
Elections and Referenda Campaign Act (ZVRK), 2007, amended 2013 (Slovenian)pdf
Criminal Code 2008, amended 2016 (Slovenian)pdf

*Last update: 2017


Financial Disclosure

The Slovenian Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2011) sets down the same financial disclosure requirements for all public officials. It specifies that declarations by the Head of State, Ministers, Members of Parliament, and Civil Servants must include real estate, movable assets, cash, debts, and gifts received in the framework of their function. Further, any taxable income, shares in or ownership of a private or public company, as well as any other public office or government contract held must be included. All other positions the public official holds must be declared, which would include board memberships. Family members are not included in the disclosure requirements.

Public officials submit their declarations upon taking and leaving office, and submit annual updates. Fines ranging from EUR 400 to 1,200 are stipulated for late filling, non-filling, or for making false disclosure statements. Financial disclosure of public officials is supervised by the Commission for the prevention of corruption. It functions as depository body, verifies submissions and their accuracy, and enforces sanctions in case of violations. It is responsible for all public officials. 


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

20122015201620172020Trend
Disclosure items5759595959
Filing frequency75100100100100
Sanctions100100100100100
Monitoring and Oversight100100100100100
Public access to declarations7575757575

Alternative Metric

20122015201620172020Trend
Head of State8187878787
Ministers8187878787
Members of Parliament8287878787
Civil servants8287878787

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Head of State

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. Officials must declare information on immovable property with all the land register information on land plots. (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Movable assets Yes. Officials must declare movable property, the value of which exceeds EUR 10 000 (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Cash Yes. Officials must declare the total value of cash if it exceeds EUR 10 000 (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Loans and Debts Yes. Officials must declare debts, obligations or assumed guarantees and loans given, the value of which exceeds EUR 10 000 (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. Officials must declare information on taxable income under the law governing personal income tax that is not exempt from personal incoem tax; monetary assets deposited in banks, savings banks and savings and loan undertakings, the total value of which in an individual account exceeds EUR 10 000; types and values of securities if, at the time of the declaration of assets, their total value exceeded EUR 10 000 and any other information in relation to assets that to the person with obligations wishes to provide. (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official Yes. Public officials must declare accepted gifts and their value in a list of gifts kept with the body or organisation where they hold office. If Gift value exceeds 75 Euros it becomes the property of the State. (Article 31 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020) )
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. Officials must declare information on ownership or stakes, shares, management rights in a company, private institute or any other private activity with a description of the activity and a designation of the registered name or the name of the organization. (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. Officials must declare information on ownership or stakes, shares, management rights in a company, private institute or any other private activity with a description of the activity and a designation of the registered name or the name of the organization. (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Holding government contracts Yes. Officials must declare any other office held or activities performed (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. Officials must declare any other office held or activities performed (Articles 26, 41, 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Post-employment No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. Officials must declare any other office held or activities performed (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. Officials must declare any other office held or activities performed (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. A professional officer, non-professional mayor and deputy mayor, an official at the state and of business person and citizen of the Republic of Slovenia, which performs the function of the institutions and other EU bodies and other international institutions to which he was appointed or elected on the basis of employment or the proposal of the Government of the Republic Slovenia and the National Assembly must immediately, no later than one month after entering and leaving the service or work to the Commission the details of their financial situation. Data on assets and income of these persons must also notify the Commission one year after leaving office or work. (Article 41 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. A professional officer, non-professional mayor and deputy mayor, an official at the state and of business person and citizen of the Republic of Slovenia, which performs the function of the institutions and other EU bodies and other international institutions to which he was appointed or elected on the basis of employment or the proposal of the Government of the Republic Slovenia and the National Assembly must immediately, no later than one month after entering and leaving the service or work to the Commission the details of their financial situation. Data on assets and income of these persons must also notify the Commission one year after leaving office or work. (Article 41 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Filing required annually Yes. The persons responsible for procurement, the Commission information on their financial situation once a year, and up to 31 January each year for the preceding calendar year if, during the previous calendar year involved in the procurement procedure as defined in the 11th point 4 hereof. (Article 41 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest Yes. An official who perceives a conflict of interest, or the possibility of a conflict of interest, when assuming their job or office or during performing it, shall immediately inform their superior, or the Commission, in case of no superior. (Articles 38 and 43 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A fine of 400 to 1,200 euros shall be imposed upon a person who: in contravention of the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 41 of this act, fails to communicate information on his assets to the Commission; (Articles 77 (1) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A fine of 400 to 1,200 euros shall be imposed upon a person who: in contravention of the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 41 of this act, fails to communicate information on his assets to the Commission; (Articles 77 (1) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A fine of between EUR 400 and 1200 shall be imposed on individual who acts in contravention of Articles 42 ansd 43 fails to provide the necessary data or provide false data. (Articles 77 (1) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. The Commission for the prevention of corruption is the depository body. (Articles 26 (1), 35 (5), 38, 41(2), 43 (2), and 43 (2) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. The Commission for the prevention of corruption is the enforcement body or may refer the matter to all other competent authorities for enforcement (Articles 13, 39, 42 (3), 43, 44 and 45 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. The Commission may obtain any information from the official records to verify the accuracy of the statements of the with obligation to declare assets and if any inconsistencies of information found the Commission may request the person to enclose relevant evidence with the information specified. (Article 42 (2 and 3) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy Yes. The Commission may obtain any information from the official records to verify the accuracy of the statements of the with obligation to declare assets and if any inconsistencies of information found the Commission may request the person to enclose relevant evidence with the information specified. (Article 42 (2 and 3) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. Data on the income and assets of the persons with obligations, with exception of persons responsible for public procurement and civil sevants of the National Review Commission, shall be publicly available in the part relating to income and assets obtained during the period of holding a public office or performing an activity and within one year after the termination of the office or activity, irrespective of the restrictions stipulated in the law governing the protection of personal information and the law governing the protection of confidential tax information. (Article 46 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Timing of information release specified Yes. Data shall be publicly available in the part relating to income and assets obtained during the period of holding a public office or performing an activity and within one year after the termination of the office or activityThe data shall be made publicly available for 24 months after the date of the termination of the office or work. A more detailed methodology for publishing the data shall be laid down by the Commission in its Rules of Procedure (Article 46 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Location(s) of access specified Yes. The data shall be published on the website of the Commission (Article 46 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Cost of access specified No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Ministers

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. Officials must declare information on immovable property with all the land register information on land plots. (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Movable assets Yes. Officials must declare movable property, the value of which exceeds EUR 10 000 (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Cash Yes. Officials must declare the total value of cash if it exceeds EUR 10 000 (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Loans and Debts Yes. Officials must declare debts, obligations or assumed guarantees and loans given, the value of which exceeds EUR 10 000 (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. Officials must declare information on taxable income under the law governing personal income tax that is not exempt from personal incoem tax; monetary assets deposited in banks, savings banks and savings and loan undertakings, the total value of which in an individual account exceeds EUR 10 000; types and values of securities if, at the time of the declaration of assets, their total value exceeded EUR 10 000 and any other information in relation to assets that to the person with obligations wishes to provide. (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official Yes. Public officials must declare accepted gifts and their value in a list of gifts kept with the body or organisation where they hold office. If Gift value exceeds 75 Euros it becomes the property of the State. (Article 31 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020) )
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. Officials must declare information on ownership or stakes, shares, management rights in a company, private institute or any other private activity with a description of the activity and a designation of the registered name or the name of the organization. (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. Officials must declare information on ownership or stakes, shares, management rights in a company, private institute or any other private activity with a description of the activity and a designation of the registered name or the name of the organization. (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Holding government contracts Yes. Officials must declare any other office held or activities performed (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. Officials must declare any other office held or activities performed (Articles 26, 41, 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Post-employment No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. Officials must declare any other office held or activities performed (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. Officials must declare any other office held or activities performed (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. A professional officer, non-professional mayor and deputy mayor, an official at the state and of business person and citizen of the Republic of Slovenia, which performs the function of the institutions and other EU bodies and other international institutions to which he was appointed or elected on the basis of employment or the proposal of the Government of the Republic Slovenia and the National Assembly must immediately, no later than one month after entering and leaving the service or work to the Commission the details of their financial situation. Data on assets and income of these persons must also notify the Commission one year after leaving office or work. (Article 41 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. A professional officer, non-professional mayor and deputy mayor, an official at the state and of business person and citizen of the Republic of Slovenia, which performs the function of the institutions and other EU bodies and other international institutions to which he was appointed or elected on the basis of employment or the proposal of the Government of the Republic Slovenia and the National Assembly must immediately, no later than one month after entering and leaving the service or work to the Commission the details of their financial situation. Data on assets and income of these persons must also notify the Commission one year after leaving office or work. (Article 41 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Filing required annually Yes. The persons responsible for procurement, the Commission information on their financial situation once a year, and up to 31 January each year for the preceding calendar year if, during the previous calendar year involved in the procurement procedure as defined in the 11th point 4 hereof. (Article 41 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest Yes. An official who perceives a conflict of interest, or the possibility of a conflict of interest, when assuming their job or office or during performing it, shall immediately inform their superior, or the Commission, in case of no superior. (Articles 38 and 43 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A fine of 400 to 1,200 euros shall be imposed upon a person who: in contravention of the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 41 of this act, fails to communicate information on his assets to the Commission; (Articles 77 (1) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A fine of 400 to 1,200 euros shall be imposed upon a person who: in contravention of the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 41 of this act, fails to communicate information on his assets to the Commission; (Articles 77 (1) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A fine of between EUR 400 and 1200 shall be imposed on individual who acts in contravention of Articles 42 ansd 43 fails to provide the necessary data or provide false data. (Articles 77 (1) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. The Commission for the prevention of corruption is the depository body. (Articles 26 (1), 35 (5), 38, 41(2), 43 (2), and 43 (2) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. The Commission for the prevention of corruption is the enforcement body or may refer the matter to all other competent authorities for enforcement (Articles 13, 39, 42 (3), 43, 44 and 45 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. The Commission may obtain any information from the official records to verify the accuracy of the statements of the with obligation to declare assets and if any inconsistencies of information found the Commission may request the person to enclose relevant evidence with the information specified. (Article 42 (2 and 3) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy Yes. The Commission may obtain any information from the official records to verify the accuracy of the statements of the with obligation to declare assets and if any inconsistencies of information found the Commission may request the person to enclose relevant evidence with the information specified. (Article 42 (2 and 3) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. Data on the income and assets of the persons with obligations, with exception of persons responsible for public procurement and civil sevants of the National Review Commission, shall be publicly available in the part relating to income and assets obtained during the period of holding a public office or performing an activity and within one year after the termination of the office or activity, irrespective of the restrictions stipulated in the law governing the protection of personal information and the law governing the protection of confidential tax information. (Article 46 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Timing of information release specified Yes. Data shall be publicly available in the part relating to income and assets obtained during the period of holding a public office or performing an activity and within one year after the termination of the office or activityThe data shall be made publicly available for 24 months after the date of the termination of the office or work. A more detailed methodology for publishing the data shall be laid down by the Commission in its Rules of Procedure (Article 46 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Cost of access specified No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Members of Parliament

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. Officials must declare information on immovable property with all the land register information on land plots. (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Movable assets Yes. Officials must declare movable property, the value of which exceeds EUR 10 000 (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Cash Yes. Officials must declare the total value of cash if it exceeds EUR 10 000 (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Loans and Debts Yes. Officials must declare debts, obligations or assumed guarantees and loans given, the value of which exceeds EUR 10 000 (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. Officials must declare information on taxable income under the law governing personal income tax that is not exempt from personal incoem tax; monetary assets deposited in banks, savings banks and savings and loan undertakings, the total value of which in an individual account exceeds EUR 10 000; types and values of securities if, at the time of the declaration of assets, their total value exceeded EUR 10 000 and any other information in relation to assets that to the person with obligations wishes to provide. (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official Yes. Public officials must declare accepted gifts and their value in a list of gifts kept with the body or organisation where they hold office. If Gift value exceeds 75 Euros it becomes the property of the State. (Article 31 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020) )
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. Officials must declare information on ownership or stakes, shares, management rights in a company, private institute or any other private activity with a description of the activity and a designation of the registered name or the name of the organization. (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. Officials must declare information on ownership or stakes, shares, management rights in a company, private institute or any other private activity with a description of the activity and a designation of the registered name or the name of the organization. (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Holding government contracts Yes. Officials must declare any other office held or activities performed (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. Officials must declare any other office held or activities performed (Articles 26, 41, 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Post-employment No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. Officials must declare any other office held or activities performed (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. Officials must declare any other office held or activities performed (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. A professional official shall immediately, and by no later than within one month after taking or ceasing to hold the office or post, communicate the information on his assets to the commission. And shall also communicate the information on their assets to the Commission a year after ceasing to hold the office or post. (Article 41 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. A professional official shall immediately, and by no later than within one month after taking or ceasing to hold the office or post, communicate the information on his assets to the commission. And shall also communicate the information on their assets to the Commission a year after ceasing to hold the office or post. (Article 41 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Filing required annually Yes. The persons responsible for procurement, the Commission information on their financial situation once a year, and up to 31 January each year for the preceding calendar year if, during the previous calendar year involved in the procurement procedure as defined in the 11th point 4 hereof. (Article 41 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest Yes. An official who perceives a conflict of interest, or the possibility of a conflict of interest, when assuming their job or office or during performing it, shall immediately inform their superior, or the Commission, in case of no superior. (Articles 38 and 43 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A fine of 400 to 1,200 euros shall be imposed upon a person who: in contravention of the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 41 of this act, fails to communicate information on his assets to the Commission; (Articles 77 (1) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A fine of 400 to 1,200 euros shall be imposed upon a person who: in contravention of the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 41 of this act, fails to communicate information on his assets to the Commission; (Articles 77 (1) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A fine of between EUR 400 and 1200 shall be imposed on individual who acts in contravention of Articles 42 ansd 43 fails to provide the necessary data or provide false data. (Articles 77 (1) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. The Commission for the prevention of corruption is the depository body. (Articles 26 (1), 35 (5), 38, 41(2), 43 (2), and 43 (2) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. The Commission for the prevention of corruption is the enforcement body or may refer the matter to all other competent authorities for enforcement (Articles 13, 39, 42 (3), 43, 44 and 45 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. The Commission may obtain any information from the official records to verify the accuracy of the statements of the with obligation to declare assets and if any inconsistencies of information found the Commission may request the person to enclose relevant evidence with the information specified. (Article 42 (2 and 3) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy Yes. The Commission may obtain any information from the official records to verify the accuracy of the statements of the with obligation to declare assets and if any inconsistencies of information found the Commission may request the person to enclose relevant evidence with the information specified. (Article 42 (2 and 3) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. Data on the income and assets of the persons with obligations, with exception of persons responsible for public procurement and civil sevants of the National Review Commission, shall be publicly available in the part relating to income and assets obtained during the period of holding a public office or performing an activity and within one year after the termination of the office or activity, irrespective of the restrictions stipulated in the law governing the protection of personal information and the law governing the protection of confidential tax information. (Article 46 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Timing of information release specified Yes. Data shall be publicly available in the part relating to income and assets obtained during the period of holding a public office or performing an activity and within one year after the termination of the office or activityThe data shall be made publicly available for 24 months after the date of the termination of the office or work. A more detailed methodology for publishing the data shall be laid down by the Commission in its Rules of Procedure (Article 46 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Cost of access specified No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Civil servants

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. Officials must declare information on immovable property with all the land register information on land plots. (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Movable assets Yes. Officials must declare movable property, the value of which exceeds EUR 10 000 (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Cash Yes. Officials must declare the total value of cash if it exceeds EUR 10 000 (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Loans and Debts Yes. Officials must declare debts, obligations or assumed guarantees and loans given, the value of which exceeds EUR 10 000 (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. Officials must declare information on taxable income under the law governing personal income tax that is not exempt from personal incoem tax; monetary assets deposited in banks, savings banks and savings and loan undertakings, the total value of which in an individual account exceeds EUR 10 000; types and values of securities if, at the time of the declaration of assets, their total value exceeded EUR 10 000 and any other information in relation to assets that to the person with obligations wishes to provide. (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official Yes. Public officials must declare accepted gifts and their value in a list of gifts kept with the body or organisation where they hold office. If Gift value exceeds 75 Euros it becomes the property of the State. (Article 31 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020) )
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. Officials must declare information on ownership or stakes, shares, management rights in a company, private institute or any other private activity with a description of the activity and a designation of the registered name or the name of the organization. (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. Officials must declare information on ownership or stakes, shares, management rights in a company, private institute or any other private activity with a description of the activity and a designation of the registered name or the name of the organization. (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Holding government contracts Yes. High-ranking civil servants (as define in Article 4)must declare any other office held or activities performed (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. High-ranking civil servants (as define in Article 4)must declare any other office held or activities performed (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Post-employment No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. High-ranking civil servants (as define in Article 4)must declare any other office held or activities performed (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. High-ranking civil servants (as define in Article 4)must declare any other office held or activities performed (Articles 41 and 42 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. A professional official shall immediately, and by no later than within one month after taking or ceasing to hold the office or post, communicate the information on his assets to the commission. And shall also communicate the information on their assets to the Commission a year after ceasing to hold the office or post. (Article 41 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. A professional official shall immediately, and by no later than within one month after taking or ceasing to hold the office or post, communicate the information on his assets to the commission. And shall also communicate the information on their assets to the Commission a year after ceasing to hold the office or post. (Article 41 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Filing required annually Yes. The persons responsible for procurement, the Commission information on their financial situation once a year, and up to 31 January each year for the preceding calendar year if, during the previous calendar year involved in the procurement procedure as defined in the 11th point 4 hereof. (Article 41 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest Yes. An official who perceives a conflict of interest, or the possibility of a conflict of interest, when assuming their job or office or during performing it, shall immediately inform their superior, or the Commission, in case of no superior. (Articles 38 and 43 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A fine of 400 to 1,200 euros shall be imposed upon a person who: in contravention of the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 41 of this act, fails to communicate information on his assets to the Commission; (Articles 77 (1) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A fine of 400 to 1,200 euros shall be imposed upon a person who: in contravention of the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 41 of this act, fails to communicate information on his assets to the Commission; (Articles 77 (1) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A fine of between EUR 400 and 1200 shall be imposed on individual who acts in contravention of Articles 42 ansd 43 fails to provide the necessary data or provide false data. (Articles 77 (1) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. The Commission for the prevention of corruption is the depository body. (Articles 26 (1), 35 (5), 38, 41(2), 43 (2), and 43 (2) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. The Commission for the prevention of corruption is the enforcement body or may refer the matter to all other competent authorities for enforcement (Articles 13, 39, 42 (3), 43, 44 and 45 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. The Commission may obtain any information from the official records to verify the accuracy of the statements of the with obligation to declare assets and if any inconsistencies of information found the Commission may request the person to enclose relevant evidence with the information specified. (Article 42 (2 and 3) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy Yes. The Commission may obtain any information from the official records to verify the accuracy of the statements of the with obligation to declare assets and if any inconsistencies of information found the Commission may request the person to enclose relevant evidence with the information specified. (Article 42 (2 and 3) of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. Data on the income and assets of the persons with obligations, with exception of persons responsible for public procurement and civil sevants of the National Review Commission, shall be publicly available in the part relating to income and assets obtained during the period of holding a public office or performing an activity and within one year after the termination of the office or activity, irrespective of the restrictions stipulated in the law governing the protection of personal information and the law governing the protection of confidential tax information. (Article 46 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Timing of information release specified Yes. Data shall be publicly available in the part relating to income and assets obtained during the period of holding a public office or performing an activity and within one year after the termination of the office or activityThe data shall be made publicly available for 24 months after the date of the termination of the office or work. A more detailed methodology for publishing the data shall be laid down by the Commission in its Rules of Procedure (Article 46 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Location(s) of access specified Yes. The data shall be published on the website of the Commission (Article 46 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, last amended 2020))
Cost of access specified No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Legislation

Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act of 2010_SLO (Slovenian)pdf

*Last update: 2017


Conflict of Interest

All Slovenian public officials are obliged to alleviate conflicts of interests immediately, as to the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010, amended in 2011). This law further prevents the Head of State, Ministers, and Members of Parliament from accepting gifts, pursuing any other position or employment that generates income, holding supervisory functions in an enterprise, and holding government contracts. In addition, they must immediately withdraw from decision-making where it may affect private interests. The possibilities for Head of State, Ministers, and Members of Parliament to establish business relations with government entities after ending tenure are limited. Slightly fewer restrictions are imposed on Civil Servants. According to the Civil Servants Act (2002) they may not perform activities which harm free competition or public official’s impartiality. This would prevent Civil Servants from holding managerial or advisory positions in public or private companies.

All public officials face the same sanctions in case of violations. These may consist of a fine from EUR 400 and 1,200 or removal from office. The Commission for the Prevention of Corruption provides all public officials with training and tracks data on conflicts of interests. It also functions as enforcement body in case of violations by any public official.


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

20122015201620172020Trend
Restrictions6580808065
Sanctions9267676792
Monitoring and Oversight8810010010088

Alternative Metric

20122015201620172020Trend
Head of State7386868673
Ministers9086868690
Members of Parliament7686868676
Civil servants8772727287

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Head of State

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest Yes. An official person shall pay attention any actual or possible conflict of interest and shall make every effort to avoid it. (Article 37 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Accepting gifts Yes. Gifts that the President is restricted from accepting are clearly defined in the law. (Article 30 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. The President cannot be engaged in state-owned enterprises. (Article 27 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Holding government contracts Yes. General (Article 26 and 35 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. The President cannot be a member or perform the activity of managing, supervising or representing commercial enterprises, business interest associations, cooperatives, public institutes, public funds, public agencies or other persons governed by public or private law. (Article 27 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Post-employment Yes. In the period of two years after the ceasing of the office, the President shall not act in relation to the body where he/she held the office as a representative of the enterprise which has established or is about to establish business contacts with such a body. (Article 36 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. General (Article 105 of the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia (1991) )
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. Fines shall be imposed for violating provisions regarding ceasing to perform an activity, office or membership; prohibitions and restrictions on receipt of gifts; restrictions of operation; and temporary prohibitions of operation after ceasing office and duties to avoid conflicts of interest. (Article 77 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. The Commission shall warn a functionary if they continue to perform an activity or hold an office which is incompatible with the holding of his/her office. (Article 29 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. An official or public officer is criminally liable for abuse of office or official duties. (Article 257 of the Criminal Code (2008) )

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) Yes. The President can be impeached by the National Assembly before the Constitutional Court for violating the Constitution or seriously violating the law. (Article 109 of the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia (1991))

Ministers

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest Yes. An official person shall pay attention any actual or possible conflict of interest and shall make every effort to avoid it. (Article 37 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Accepting gifts Yes. Gifts that the Prime Minister/Ministers are restricted from accepting are clearly defined in the law. (Article 30 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. The Prime Minister and Ministers cannot be engaged in state-owned enterprises. (Article 27 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Holding government contracts Yes. General (Article 26 and 35 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. The Prime Minister/Minister cannot be members or perform the activity of managing, supervising or representing commercial enterprises, business interest associations, cooperatives, public institutes, public funds, public agencies or other persons governed by public or private law. (Article 27 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Post-employment Yes. In the period of two years after leaving office, the Prime Minister/Ministers shall not act in relation to the body where they held their office as a representative of the enterprise which has established or is about to establish business contacts with such a body. (Article 36 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. The Prime Minister and Ministers can not at the same time hold an office in state bodies, courts, bodies of local communities and other public functions nor perform other activities that by law are not compatible with an office of a Member of Government. (Article 10 of the Government Act (1993) )
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. Fines shall be imposed for violating provisions regarding ceasing to perform an activity, office or membership; prohibitions and restrictions on receipt of gifts; restrictions of operation; and temporary prohibitions of operation after ceasing office and duties to avoid conflicts of interest. (Article 77 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. The Commission shall warn a functionary if they continue to perform an activity or hold an office which is incompatible with the holding of his/her office. (Article 29 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. An official or public officer is criminally liable for abuse of office or official duties. (Article 257 of the Criminal Code (2008) )

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) Yes. An interpellation may be initiated against the Government or an individual Minister and they might be impeached before the Constitutional Court. (Article 118 and 119 of the Constitution of the Republic Slovenia (1991))
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) Yes. The Prime Minister may propose the dismissal of an individual Minister. (Article 13 of the Government Act (1993))

Members of Parliament

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest Yes. An official person shall pay attention any actual or possible conflict of interest and shall make every effort to avoid it. (Article 37 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Accepting gifts Yes. Gifts that an MP is restricted from accepting are clearly defined in the law. (Article 30 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Holding government contracts Yes. A professional official holding a public office may not be engaged in any professional or other activity aimed at generating income or proceeds. (Article 26 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. MPs shall not be members of the Supervisory bodies of commercial enterprises. (Article 12 of the Deputies Act (1992))
Post-employment No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. General (Articles 82 and 100 of the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia (1991) Articles 4, 10, 11 and 14 of Deputies Act (1993))
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. An official determining conflict of interest or a possibility for such a conflict of interest when assuming their job or office, or during performing it, shall immediately inform their superior or the Commission, in case of Nosuperior. (Article 38 of the Integrity of Prevention of Corruption Act (2010) )
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. Fines shall be imposed for violating provisions regarding ceasing to perform an activity, office or membership; prohibitions and restrictions on receipt of gifts; restrictions of operation; and temporary prohibitions of operation after ceasing office and duties to avoid conflicts of interest. (Article 77 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010) )
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. An official or public officer is criminally liable for abuse of office or official duties. (Article 257 of the Criminal Code (2008))

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) Yes. A deputy’s mandate shall cease if he/she begins an office or begins an activity that is incompatible with his/her office. (Article 9 of the Deputies Act (2002))
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) Yes. A deputy’s mandate shall cease if he/she begins an office or begins an activity that is incompatible with his/her office. (Article 9 of the Deputies Act (2002))

Civil servants

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest Yes. An official person shall pay attention any actual or possible conflict of interest and shall make every effort to avoid it. (Article 37 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Accepting gifts Yes. Gifts that a civil servant is restricted from accepting are clearly defined in the law. (Regulation of constrains and obligations of civil servants regarding the acceptance of gifts (2003))
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. Civil servants are subject to restrictions when having private firm ownership. There are Norestrictions in the laws cited in this study on owning stockholdings by civil servants. (Article 100 of the Civil Servants Act (2002) )
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. Civil servants are subject to restrictions when participating in SOE. (Article 100 of the Civil Servants Act (2002) )
Holding government contracts Yes. Civil servants are subject to restrictions when participating in government contracts as private individuals. (Article 100 of the Civil Servants Act (2002) )
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Post-employment No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. Civil servants are subject to restrictions when voting in policy decisions. (Article 100 of the Civil Servants Act (2002) )
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. Fines shall be imposed for violating provisions regarding duties to avoid conflicts of interest. (Article 77 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010))
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. Disciplinary sanctions shall be issued to a civil servant for violating labor contracts or the law. (Article 174 of Labor Act (2002) )
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. An official or public officer is criminally liable for abuse of office or official duties. (Article 257 of the Criminal Code (2008) )

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) Yes. An official determining conflict of interest shall immediately inform his/her superior or the Commission, in case of Nosuperior. The superior, or the Commission, have to decide on the occurrence of conflict of interest. (Article 39 of the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (2010) )
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) Yes. Officials shall notify the principal of their performance of activities that they believe are contrary, or could run contrary, to provisions. (Article 100 of the Civil Servants Act (2002) )

Legislation

Law No. 55 of 2017 on Civil Service (Slovak)pdf
Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia of 1990 (Slovenian)pdf
Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (ZIntPK) of 2010 (Slovenian)pdf
Government of the Republic of Slovenia Act (ZVRS) of 1993 (Slovenian)pdf
Code of Ethics for Deputies of the National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia of 2007 (Slovenian)pdf
Deputies Act (ZPos) of 1992 (Slovenian)pdf
Civil Servants Act (PPA) of 2002 (Slovenian)pdf
Regulation on Restrictions and Duties of Civil Servants with regard to the Acceptance of Gifts of 2003 (Slovenian)pdf
Code of Ethics of Civil Servants of 2007 (Slovenian)pdf

*Last update: 2017


Freedom of Information

Slovenia's freedom of information regime is grounded in its Constitution (1991) and implementing measures are outlined in the Access to Public Information Act (2003, amended 2015). The FOI law applies to state bodies, local government bodies, public agencies, public funds and other entities of public law, public powers holders and public service contractors.

Specific exemptions to disclosure are outlined in the aforementioned FOI law, the Classified Information Act (2001), and the Personal Data Protection Act (2004). However, there is a public interest test whereby exemptions to disclosure may be overridden in cases where the public interest outweighs the prohibition on disclosure.

Appeals may be filed with public authorities and with the courts. There is also an appeals process established through the Information Commissioner.

Fines are levied on officials by the Commissioner for intentionally making information inaccessible to the public, or for not transmitting the requested public information within the prescribed time limit. The Ministry of Public Administration performs inspection and supervision over the implementation process.


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

20122015201620172020Trend
Scope and Coverage100100100100100
Information access and release8383838383
Exceptions and Overrides100100100100100
Sanctions for non-compliance3333676767
Monitoring and Oversight8383838383

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Scope and Coverage

Scope of disclosure

Existence of legal right to access Yes. Except in such cases as are provided by law, everyone has the right to obtain information of a public nature in which he has a well founded legal interest under law. (Article 39 of Constitution of Slovenia, 1991)
"Information" or "Documents" is defined Yes. (1) Public information is information that comes from the field of work, and is located in the form of a document, file, register, record or other documentary material (hereinafter: document) by the body itself, in cooperation with other authorities, or acquired from other persons. (Article 4 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018)
Proactive disclosure is specified Yes. (1) This Decree lays down the method by which public information shall be provided to applicants and published on the Word Wide Web, as well as the charging of costs for provision, reuse of information, price and other terms of such use and reporting on provision of access to public sector information. (Article 1 of the Regulation on the Provision of Public Information, 2016)

Coverage of public and private sectors

Executive branch Yes. (1) This Act governs the procedure which ensures everyone free access to and re-use of public information held by state bodies, local government bodies, public agencies, public funds and other entities of public law, public powers holders and public service contractors (hereinafter referred to as "the bodies"). (Article 1 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018)
Legislative branch Yes. (1) This Act governs the procedure which ensures everyone free access to and re-use of public information held by state bodies, local government bodies, public agencies, public funds and other entities of public law, public powers holders and public service contractors (hereinafter referred to as "the bodies"). (Article 1 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018)
Judicial branch Yes. (1) This Act governs the procedure which ensures everyone free access to and re-use of public information held by state bodies, local government bodies, public agencies, public funds and other entities of public law, public powers holders and public service contractors (hereinafter referred to as "the bodies"). (Article 1 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018)
Other public bodies Yes. (1) This Act governs the procedure which ensures everyone free access to and re-use of public information held by state bodies, local government bodies, public agencies, public funds and other entities of public law, public powers holders and public service contractors (hereinafter referred to as "the bodies"). (Article 1 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018)
Private sector Yes. (1) This Act governs the procedure which ensures everyone free access to and re-use of public information held by state bodies, local government bodies, public agencies, public funds and other entities of public law, public powers holders and public service contractors (hereinafter referred to as "the bodies"). (Article 1 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018)

Access to specific documents (subject to reactive and/or proactive disclosure)

Draft legal instruments Yes. Citizens are given the right to access proposed (draft) regulations, programs, strategies, and other similar documents and products of the public governmental bodies. The National Assembly, ministries, local authorities, and holders of public authority must publish on the world-wide-web draft laws, rules, acts, programs, or strategies prior to their proclamation or adoption. (Article 10 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018 Articles 2 and 7-11 of the Regulation on the Provision of Public Information, 2016)
Enacted legal instruments Yes. The government and other public bodies are obligated to provide access to the consolidated text of regulations, programs, strategies, views, opinions, instructions, public procurement documents, and information on their activities and services by publishing this information on the world-wide-web. Citizens have the right to access legal instruments and documents of public character by requiring public bodies to maintain an up-to-date catalogue of public information that includes regulations, unofficial consolidated text of founding acts, strategies, and programs, among other things. (Article 10 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018 Articles 2, 7-11 of the Regulation on the Provision of Public Information, 2016)
Annual budgets Yes. Citizens have the right of access to public information produced by public bodies, and other reports created by public bodies that are relevant to the bodies’ respective area of expertise. (Article 10 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018 Articles 2 and 7-11 of the Regulation on the Provision of Public Information, 2016 )
Annual chart of accounts (actual expenditures) Yes. Citizens have the right of access to public information produced by public bodies, and other reports created by public bodies that are relevant to the bodies’ respective area of expertise. (Article 10 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018 Articles 2, 7-11 of the Regulation on the Provision of Public Information, 2016 )
Annual reports of public entities and programs Yes. Citizens have the right of access to annual reports of public entities. (Article 9 of the Regulation on the Provision of Public Information, 2016)

Information access and release

Procedural access

Universal access (agencies, citizens and non-citizens) Yes. (1)Legal entities or natural persons (hereinafter referred to as "the applicants") have free access to public information. (Article 5 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018)
Type of request is specified (written, electronic, oral) Yes. Written, oral (informal), and electronic requests are allowed. (Articles 12, 14, 16 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018)
Assistance to requesters must be provided by law (includes barriers due to language differences, illiteracy, complexity of requests, etc.) Yes. (1)If the request is incomplete and, hence, the body cannot deal with it, the body must invite the applicant to supplement it within the time limit laid down by the body. The time limit may not be less than 3 working days. (2)Official referred to in Article 9 of this Act is obliged to provide the applicant with the appropriate assistance in supplementing the request. (7) Parties and other participants in a proceeding who do not speak the language in which the proceeding is conducted, or who cannot use it because of their disability, shall have the right to follow the course of the proceeding through an interpreter. The agency shall be obliged to instruct such persons of such a possibility. (Article 18 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018 Article 62 of the General Administrative Procedure Act, 1999, amended 2006)
Cost of access is specified (free, request fees, photocopying costs, other administrative costs) Yes. The law provides for nominal fees, at most, to be charged for providing documents or requested information. Cost schedules are also provided under this Act. (Articles 10, 34, 34a, and 35 of the Article 24 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018)

Deadlines for release of information

20-day response deadline Yes. Answers to requests for information must be furnished within 20 working days from the day the completed request was received. (Article 23 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018)
Agency granted right to extend response time Yes. The law provides for the right to extend the response time under exceptional circumstances for not more than 30 working days. (Article 24 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018)
Maximum total response time of no more than 40 days No. The maximum time to respond to request for information is 50 days – the original 20 days plus an additional 30-day extension if necessary. (Article 24 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018)

Exceptions and Overrides

Exemptions to disclosure

Existence of secrecy/states secrets law Yes. Classified Information Act, 2001 (Classified Information Act, 2001, amended 2020)
Existence of personal privacy/data law Yes. Personal Data Protection Act, 2004. To be modified by the law implementing GDPR at the national level, but that law was still a draft at the beginning of 2021 (Personal Data Protection Act, 2004, amended 2007)
Specific exemptions to disclosure Yes. Specific exemptions to coverage are provided. These exemptions include classified data, business secrets, personal data, confidential tax information,information that may negatively impact criminal prosecution, administrative procedure (if it was acquired for purposes of such procedure), civil procedure (if it was drawn up for purposes of civil procedure), classified information, intellectual property rights, and foreign-prepared tax information, and information that may harm culture. Partial exemption to coverage (partial disclosure) for any of these reasons is allowed. Disclosure of personal data to individuals requesting personal data relating to them is further limited. It further limits individuals’ rights to access information in the name of national defense, security, political and economic interests of the state, the exercise of the responsibilities of the police, the prevention, discovery, detection, proving and prosecution of criminal offences and minor offences, the discovery and punishment of violations of ethical norms for certain professions, for monetary, budgetary or tax reasons, supervision of the police, and protection of the individual to whom the personal data relate, or the rights and freedoms of others. Disclosure of classified information is limited. (Article 6 of the of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018 Article 36 of the Personal Data Protection Act, 2004, amended 2007 Article 1 of the Classified Information Act, 2001, amended 2020)
Public Interest test: Specified exemptions to disclosure may be overridden in cases where disclosure of information benefits the public interest.

Appeals

Appeals allowed within public entities Yes. The right to appeal within a public entity exists. (Article 27 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018)
Independent, non-judicial appeals mechanism, e.g., information commissioner. Does not include Ombudsman unless appeals decisions are binding. Yes. The law sets forth the Information Commissioner’s competence to decide an appeal. (Article 2 of the Information Commissioner Act, 2005, amended 2007)
Judicial appeals mechanism Yes. A mechanism is provided to appeal through the court system. (Article 27 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018 )

Sanctions for non-compliance

Administrative sanctions are specified for violations of disclosure requirements No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Fines are specified for violations of disclosure requirements Yes. Fines are levied on officials for intentionally making information inaccessible to the public, or for not transmitting the requested public information within the prescribed time limit. (Article 39 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018 Article 15 of the Information Commissioner Act, 2005)
Criminal sanctions are specified for violations of disclosure requirements Yes. The law envisages criminal sanctions in the Title IX Penal Provisions. (Article 39 and 39a of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, last amended 2015)

Monitoring and Oversight

Information officers must be appointed in public agencies Yes. Public entities are required to designate a point of contact for public information requests. (Article 9 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018)
Public body that is responsible for applying sanctions Yes. The Information Commissioner will be responsible for applying sanctions. (Article 2 of the Information Commissioner Act, 2005, amended 2007)
Public body that is responsible for public outreach (raising public awareness) Yes. (1) The Ministry of Public Administration shall perform promotional and developmental tasks in relation to access to public information. (2) Tasks of the Ministry referred to in the preceding paragraph are in particular (as follows): 1. Informing the public about the means and conditions for the access to public information; 2. Providing counseling to other bodies in relation to the application of the provisions of this Act; 3. Other promotional and developmental tasks. (Article 32 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018)
Nodal agency for RTI (implementation support/compliance within public sector). Does not include Ombudsman. Yes. The Ministry of Public Administration performs inspection and supervision over the implementation of this Act. The Commissioner is also within the frame of the appellate proceeding for the supervision over the implementation of this Act and executive acts based on the Act. The Information Commissioner will be responsible for implementing the Act, as well as other provisions regulating public information. (Article 32 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018 Article 2 of the Information Commissioner Act, 2005, amended 2007)
Ombudsman involvement in implementation is specified by law No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Reporting of data and/or implementation is required Yes. (1)The body is obliged to draw up an annual report on the implementation of this Act and submit it to the Ministry by 31 January for the previous year. (Article 37 of the Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2018)

Legislation

Access to Public Information Act, 2003, amended 2015 (English)pdf
Classified Information Act, 2001, amended 2011 (Slovenian)pdf
Constitution of Slovenia,1991, amended 2013 (English)pdf
General Administrative Procedure Act, 1999, amended 2006 (Slovenian)pdf
Information Commissioner Act, 2005, amended 2007 (Slovenian)pdf
Personal Data Protection Act, 2004, amended 2007 (English)pdf
Regulation on the Provision of Public Information, 2016 (Slovenian)pdf

*Last update: 2017


Public Procurement

The Slovenian public procurement system is regulated by the Public Procurement Act (ZJN-3) (2016). Public procurement regulation is dedicated to the Ministry of Public Administration and Ministry of Finance.

The lowest minimum thresholds for conducting a public procurement tender are:

  • EUR 20000 for goods
  • EUR 40000 for works
  • EUR 20000 for services

The minimum number of bidders is 5 for restricted procedures and 3 for negotiated procedures and competitive dialogue. The minimum submission period is 35 days for open procedures, 30 days for restricted and negotiated procedures from dispatch date. The final beneficial owners do not have to be disclosed when placing a bid.

There is no preferential treatment based on SME status, but environmental considerations can play a role in the awarding procedure. Bid exclusion can be based on abnormally low offer prices (but it is not automatic), participation in criminal organization, company registration with negative references etc.

In the bid evaluation phase, there are no conflict of interest restrictions on the composition of the evaluation committee and no form of independence from the contracting authority is mandated for the evaluation committee.

 

There is a payable fee in case of an arbitration procedure, which is EUR 1500 for low value contracts and EUR 3500 for normal contracts if the appeal is related to publication, invitation or tender documentation. The fee is 2% of the contract value (but at least 500 EUR and maximum EUR 25000) if the contract is already awarded. Decisions or the National Review Procedure are published online.


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

20122015201620172020Trend
Scope909093
Information availability46464646
Evaluation75758175
Open competition78787575
Institutional arrangements29292929

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Scope

Threshold - lowest PP

What is the minimum contract value above which the public procurement law is applied? (Product type GOODS) EUR 20000. The Public Procurement Act applies to public contracts whose estimated value excluding VAT is equal to or higher than the following limit values: a) general procurement: EUR 20,000 for a public supply or service contract or design contest; EUR 40,000 for a public works contract; EUR 750,000 for a public service contract (social and other specific services); b) utilities procurement: EUR 50,000 for a public supply or service contract or design contest; EUR 100,000 for a public works contract; EUR 1,000,000 for the procurement of social and other special services. For public contracts whose estimated value is lower than these limit values, the contracting authority must observe the principle of economy, efficiency and effectiveness and the principle of transparency. For these contracts, the contracting authority must also keep records of their award, which include an indication of the subject, type of object and value of the public contract excluding VAT, and communicate data on them. A list containing a description of the object, the type of object and the value of the contract awarded without VAT and the name of the economic operator must be published on the contracting authority's website or on the public procurement portal for public contracts awarded the previous year whose value is lower than the thresholds but equal to or higher than EUR 10,000 excluding VAT. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 21 (1) (a) (2))
What is the minimum contract value above which the public procurement law is applied? (Product type WORKS) EUR 40000. The Public Procurement Act applies to public contracts whose estimated value excluding VAT is equal to or higher than the following limit values: a) general procurement: EUR 20,000 for a public supply or service contract or design contest; EUR 40,000 for a public works contract; EUR 750,000 for a public service contract (social and other specific services); b) utilities procurement: EUR 50,000 for a public supply or service contract or design contest; EUR 100,000 for a public works contract; EUR 1,000,000 for the procurement of social and other special services. For public contracts whose estimated value is lower than these limit values, the contracting authority must observe the principle of economy, efficiency and effectiveness and the principle of transparency. For these contracts, the contracting authority must also keep records of their award, which include an indication of the subject, type of object and value of the public contract excluding VAT, and communicate data on them. A list containing a description of the object, the type of object and the value of the contract awarded without VAT and the name of the economic operator must be published on the contracting authority's website or on the public procurement portal for public contracts awarded the previous year whose value is lower than the thresholds but equal to or higher than EUR 10,000 excluding VAT. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 21 (1) (a) (2))
What is the minimum contract value above which the public procurement law is applied? (Product type SERVICES) EUR 20000. The Public Procurement Act applies to public contracts whose estimated value excluding VAT is equal to or higher than the following limit values: a) general procurement: EUR 20,000 for a public supply or service contract or design contest; EUR 40,000 for a public works contract; EUR 750,000 for a public service contract (social and other specific services); b) utilities procurement: EUR 50,000 for a public supply or service contract or design contest; EUR 100,000 for a public works contract; EUR 1,000,000 for the procurement of social and other special services. For public contracts whose estimated value is lower than these limit values, the contracting authority must observe the principle of economy, efficiency and effectiveness and the principle of transparency. For these contracts, the contracting authority must also keep records of their award, which include an indication of the subject, type of object and value of the public contract excluding VAT, and communicate data on them. A list containing a description of the object, the type of object and the value of the contract awarded without VAT and the name of the economic operator must be published on the contracting authority's website or on the public procurement portal for public contracts awarded the previous year whose value is lower than the thresholds but equal to or higher than EUR 10,000 excluding VAT. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 21 (1) (a) (2))

Threshold - by PP type

What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Entity: PUBLIC SECTOR) EUR 20000. The Public Procurement Act applies to public contracts whose estimated value excluding VAT is equal to or higher than the following limit values: a) general procurement: EUR 20,000 for a public supply or service contract or design contest; EUR 40,000 for a public works contract; EUR 750,000 for a public service contract (social and other specific services); b) utilities procurement: EUR 50,000 for a public supply or service contract or design contest; EUR 100,000 for a public works contract; EUR 1,000,000 for the procurement of social and other special services. For public contracts whose estimated value is lower than these limit values, the contracting authority must observe the principle of economy, efficiency and effectiveness and the principle of transparency. For these contracts, the contracting authority must also keep records of their award, which include an indication of the subject, type of object and value of the public contract excluding VAT, and communicate data on them. A list containing a description of the object, the type of object and the value of the contract awarded without VAT and the name of the economic operator must be published on the contracting authority's website or on the public procurement portal for public contracts awarded the previous year whose value is lower than the thresholds but equal to or higher than EUR 10,000 excluding VAT. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 21 (1) (a) (2))
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Entity: UTILITIES) EUR 50000. The Public Procurement Act applies to the procurement of utilities whose contracts' estimated value excluding VAT is equal to or higher than: EUR 50,000 for a public supply or service contract or design contest; EUR 100,000 for a public works contract; EUR 1,000,000 for the procurement of social and other special services. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 21 (1) (b) (2))
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Entity: DEFENCE) EUR 40000. The Public Procurement Act only applies to procurement not covered by the Public Procurement in the Field of Defense and Security Act. Contracts covered by the latter must be send for publication in the Public Procurement Portal when their value, excluding VAT, is equal to or greater than EUR 40,000 when ordering goods or services and EUR 80,000 when ordering works. EU threshols, with its publication requirements, apply further. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 20 Public Procurement in the Field of Defense and Security Act of 2012 (as of 2020), Art. 7 (2))

Threshold - by product type

What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Product type GOODS) EUR 20000. The Public Procurement Act applies to public contracts whose estimated value excluding VAT is equal to or higher than the following limit values: a) general procurement: EUR 20,000 for a public supply or service contract or design contest; EUR 40,000 for a public works contract; EUR 750,000 for a public service contract (social and other specific services); b) utilities procurement: EUR 50,000 for a public supply or service contract or design contest; EUR 100,000 for a public works contract; EUR 1,000,000 for the procurement of social and other special services. For public contracts whose estimated value is lower than these limit values, the contracting authority must observe the principle of economy, efficiency and effectiveness and the principle of transparency. For these contracts, the contracting authority must also keep records of their award, which include an indication of the subject, type of object and value of the public contract excluding VAT, and communicate data on them. A list containing a description of the object, the type of object and the value of the contract awarded without VAT and the name of the economic operator must be published on the contracting authority's website or on the public procurement portal for public contracts awarded the previous year whose value is lower than the thresholds but equal to or higher than EUR 10,000 excluding VAT. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 21 (1) (a) (2))
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Product type WORKS) EUR 40000. The Public Procurement Act applies to public contracts whose estimated value excluding VAT is equal to or higher than the following limit values: a) general procurement: EUR 20,000 for a public supply or service contract or design contest; EUR 40,000 for a public works contract; EUR 750,000 for a public service contract (social and other specific services); b) utilities procurement: EUR 50,000 for a public supply or service contract or design contest; EUR 100,000 for a public works contract; EUR 1,000,000 for the procurement of social and other special services. For public contracts whose estimated value is lower than these limit values, the contracting authority must observe the principle of economy, efficiency and effectiveness and the principle of transparency. For these contracts, the contracting authority must also keep records of their award, which include an indication of the subject, type of object and value of the public contract excluding VAT, and communicate data on them. A list containing a description of the object, the type of object and the value of the contract awarded without VAT and the name of the economic operator must be published on the contracting authority's website or on the public procurement portal for public contracts awarded the previous year whose value is lower than the thresholds but equal to or higher than EUR 10,000 excluding VAT. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 21 (1) (a) (2))
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Product type SERVICES) EUR 20000. The Public Procurement Act applies to public contracts whose estimated value excluding VAT is equal to or higher than the following limit values: a) general procurement: EUR 20,000 for a public supply or service contract or design contest; EUR 40,000 for a public works contract; EUR 750,000 for a public service contract (social and other specific services); b) utilities procurement: EUR 50,000 for a public supply or service contract or design contest; EUR 100,000 for a public works contract; EUR 1,000,000 for the procurement of social and other special services. For public contracts whose estimated value is lower than these limit values, the contracting authority must observe the principle of economy, efficiency and effectiveness and the principle of transparency. For these contracts, the contracting authority must also keep records of their award, which include an indication of the subject, type of object and value of the public contract excluding VAT, and communicate data on them. A list containing a description of the object, the type of object and the value of the contract awarded without VAT and the name of the economic operator must be published on the contracting authority's website or on the public procurement portal for public contracts awarded the previous year whose value is lower than the thresholds but equal to or higher than EUR 10,000 excluding VAT. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 21 (1) (a) (2))

Information availability

Publishing and record keeping

Is there a requirement that tender documents must published in full? Yes. Contracting authorities shall, by electronic means, offer unlimited, complete and direct access free of charge to the procurement documents from the date of publication of a notice in accordance with Article 52 of the Public Procurement Act or the date on which an invitation to confirm interest was sent to candidates. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Arts. 52 and 61 Decree No. 37 of 2016 on the information list of contracting authorities and mandatory information in notices for the small value procurement procedure (as of 2020))
Are any of these documents published online at a central place? Yes. All of these document are available at the central website (http://www.enarocanje.si/). Article 2(1) 28. establishes that "public procurement portal" shall mean the information portal of the ministry responsible for public procurement, managed by the public company Uradni list Republike Slovenije where contracting authorities send directly for publication information notices, procurement documents and other documents required to be published on the public procurement portal under the Pulblic Procurement Act. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Arts. 2 (1) 28., 52 (2) and 67)
Is it mandatory to keep all of these records? -Public notices of bidding opportunities, -Bidding documents and addenda, -Bid opening records, -Bid evaluation reports, -Formal appeals by bidders and outcomes, -Final signed contract documents and addenda and amendments, -Claims and dispute resolutions, -Final payments, -Disbursement data (as required by the country’s financial management system) Yes. The contracting authority shall document the course of all public procurement procedures, regardless of whether they are carried out by electronic means or not. To this end, it shall ensure that it keeps sufficient documentation to justify decisions taken at all stages of the procurement procedure, such as documentation on communication with economic operators and internal discussions, preparation of procurement documents, possible dialogue or negotiations, and selection and award of the contract. The documentation shall be kept for at least five years from the date of issuance of the public procurement decision or for at least two years after the expiry of the public procurement contract. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 105 (3))
Are contracts awarded within a framework agreement published (ie mini contracts)? Yes. If the contracting authority concludes a framework agreement in accordance with Article 48 of the Public Procurement Act, it shall not be obliged to send for publication a notice on the award of a public contract for each individual public contract awarded on the basis of this agreement. In that case, it must combine the results of the procurement under the framework agreement in a single quarterly contract notice and send it for publication within 30 days of the end of each quarter. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 58 (3))

Sub-contracting

Is it mandatory to publish information on subcontractors (ie names) in some cases? No. Publishing information on subcontracting is optional. If the object of the tender is a public contract for construction or services with subcontractors, the tenderer must: list all subcontractors and each part of the contract which it intends to subcontract, contact details and legal representatives of the proposed subcontractors, completed ESPDs of these subcontractors in accordance with Article 79 of the Public Procurement Act, and attach the subcontractor's request for direct payment if the subcontractor so requests. The contracting authority may specify in the documentation related to the award of the public contract that these obligations also apply, mutatis mutandis, to the procurement of goods and to subcontractors of the main contractor or further subcontractors in the subcontracting chain. However, it is unclear whether bids are made publicly available. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Arts. 52 (2), 94 (2) (8), 105 (1) (d) and 108 (1) Decree No. 37 of 2016 on the information list of contracting authorities and mandatory information in notices for the small value procurement procedure (as of 2020))
If yes, what is the threshold for publication (i.e. the % of total contract value subcontracted)? For example, if the threshold is 75%, and you have subcontracted out only 40% of your contract, no disclosure is required. Consultant will insert 75% in the short answer column. General.

Evaluation

Preferential treatment

Is there a ban on mentioning specific companies or brands in tender specification/call for tender? Yes. If this is not justified by the subject of the public contract, the technical specifications may not indicate a specific manufacture or origin or a specific process specific to the products or services of a particular economic operator, or trademarks, patents, types or certain origins or production preference for or exclude certain companies or products. Such indications shall exceptionally be permitted if, in accordance with the preceding paragraph, it is not possible to describe the subject-matter of the contract in a sufficiently precise and comprehensible manner. These indications must also include the words "or equivalent". (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 68 (6))
Is there a preferential treatment for small-to-medium enterprises (SMEs)? No. The only provision which speaks of SMEs establishes that the ministry responsible for public procurement shall report, among other things, to the European Commission, the level of participation of SMEs in public procurement. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 114 (2))
Is there a preferential treatment for local/national companies? (companies from other EU MS are considered foreign companies) No. The contracting authority must ensure that there is no distinction between tenderers at all stages of the public procurement procedure and with regard to all elements, taking into account the mutual recognition and proportionality of the contracting authority's requirements with regard to the subject of the contract. The contracting authority must ensure that it does not create circumstances that constitute local, material or personal discrimination of tenderers, discrimination arising from the classification of activities performed by the tenderer, or other discrimination. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 7)
Is there a specific set of rules for green/sustainable procurement? Yes. In carrying out public procurement, economic operators must comply with the applicable obligations in the field of environmental, social and labor law set out in European Union law, regulations in force in the Republic of Slovenia, collective agreements or international environmental, social and labor law. In cases where this is necessary, the Government shall prescribe for individual public procurement subjects that contracting authorities take into account social and ethical or environmental aspects in public procurement procedures and the manner of including these aspects in the subject of the procurement, technical specifications, conditions for participation, award of the public contract and special conditions on the implementation of the public contract. The contracting authority may also determine other conditions for the performance of the contract, which may relate in particular to social and environmental aspects, provided that these conditions are in accordance with European Union regulations and are specified in the public procurement notice or procurement documents. Environmental considerations are taken into account when the contracting authority decides whether or not to exclude a bidder, as well as in the awarding criteria. Moreover, quality assurance standards and environmental management standards apply. Specific details on green procurement are laid out in the Green Procurement Regulation of 2017. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 3 (2), 71, 75 (3), 78, 84 (2) and 85 Green Public Procurement Regulation of 2017, last amended in 2019)

Bid evaluation

Are there restrictions on allowable grounds for tenderer exclusion? Yes. Contracting authorities shall exclude an economic operator from participation in a procurement procedure if that economic operator or its authorised representatives has: (1) been convicted by a final judgment containing elements of specified criminal offences defined in the Criminal Code (exhaustevly list of nearly 50 criminal offences), (2) not complied with its obligations relating to the payment of compulsory charges or other pecuniary non-tax liabilities under the law governing financial administration. Contracting authorities shall exclude an economic operator from a procurement procedure in also any of the following situations: a) if the economic operator is excluded from contract award procedures on the date of the expiry of the time limit for the submission of tenders or requests due to its inclusion in the register of economic operators with negative references; b) if, in the three years preceding the expiry of the time limit for the submission of tenders, the economic operator was fined twice, by way of a final decision of the competent authority of the Republic of Slovenia or another Member State or a third country, for a minor offence relating to remuneration for work. Additional grounds for exclusion are also listed in Art. 75 of the Act. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 75)
Are some bids automatically excluded? e.g., lowest/highest price; unusually low price, etc. Yes. The contracting authority may reject all tenders at all stages of the procedure after the expiry of the time limit for the opening of tenders. If the contracting authority has rejected all tenders, it must inform the tenderers or candidates of the reasons for such a decision and whether it will initiate a new procedure. Where the contracting authority carries out a procurement procedure in which it publishes an invitation to participate, it must publish that decision on the procurement portal and, where appropriate in the light of the value or prior publication, in the Official Journal of the European Union. Where the contracting authority rejects all tenders, it may carry out a new procurement procedure for the same subject only if the circumstances which led it to reject all tenders have changed significantly. Additionally, if the contracting authority considers a tender to be abnormally low or it is doubtful that the contract could be executed given the supplies, works or services concerned, it shall, before rejecting such a tender, request in writing the details of the predetermined constituent elements of the tender which it considers relevant to the execution of the contract or to the classification of tenders. It may reject the tender only if the evidence provided does not sufficiently explain the low level of the proposed price or cost. Furthermore, the contracting authority may reject a tender for the performance of a public supply contract if the proportion of products originating in third countries exceeds 50% of the total value of the products constituting the offer. Software used in telecommunications network equipment shall be understood as a product. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Arts. 60 (1), 86, 87 (2) and 90 (5))
Is scoring criteria published? Yes. The contracting authority shall determine in the documentation related to the award of the public contract the relative weight to be assigned to each criterion selected for determining the most economically advantageous tender, unless the latter is determined only on the basis of price. Those weights may be determined by determining the range with the corresponding maximum difference. Where weights cannot be stated for objective reasons, the contracting authority shall list the criteria in descending order of importance. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 84 (7))
Are decisions always made by a committee? No. The contracting authority may appoint an expert commission to carry out all or part of the procedure or authorize another contracting authority to perform or decide on a public procurement procedure - both optional. Decisions are not mandatorily made by a committee. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 66 (2) (3))
Are there regulations on evaluation committee composition to prevent conflict of interest? Yes. The contracting authority must ensure the effective prevention, detection and elimination of conflicts of interest in the implementation of public procurement procedures in order to prevent any distortion of competition and to ensure equal treatment of all economic operators. When the person conducting the public procurement procedure, who participates in the preparation of documentation related to the award of the public procurement or its parts or who at any stage decides in the public procurement procedure, is directly or indirectly connected with the selected tenderer in such a way that this link, or its private, financial or economic interest, may affect the objective and impartial performance of public procurement tasks or call into question its objectivity and impartiality, that person must, as soon as possible, but at the latest before awarding the contract, inform in writing the head of the contracting authority for which he performs work or otherwise participates in the public procurement procedure. In this case, the contracting authority must ensure that the person acts in accordance with his instructions. Additionally, persons responsible for public procurement and civil servants of the National Review Commission have an obligation to declare assets to the Commission for the Prevention of the Corruption once a year, according to the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act of 2011. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 91)
Is some part of evaluation committee mandatorily independent of contracting authority? No.
Are scoring results publicly available? No. If procurement is above EU threholds, the contracting authority may add information on scoring results in the award notice, following EU templates. Otherwise, the Law is silent about making scoring results of candidates publicly available. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 58 (1))
Does the law specify under which conditions the tender can be cancelled? Yes. If the value of the most favorable admissible tender, following an invitation to participate, is equal to or higher than the thresholds which trigger publicity requirements (public procurement portal or the Official Journal of the European Union), the contracting authority may not award a public contract under this procedure, but must, if appropriate, initiate a new procedure in accordance with the provisions of the Public Procurement Act. The contracting authority may also reject all tenders, subject to certain conditions. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Arts. 39 (5) and 90 (1) (5))

Open competition

CFT publication

Does the law specify the location for publicizing open calls for tenders? Yes. Public procurement portal (http://www.enarocanje.si/) and OJEU/TED (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Arts. 2 (1) 28. and 52)
Does the law specify the location for publicizing restricted calls for tenders? Yes. Public procurement portal (http://www.enarocanje.si/) and OJEU/TED (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Arts. 2 (1) 28. and 52)
Does the law specify the location for publicizing negotiated calls for tenders? Yes. Public procurement portal (http://www.enarocanje.si/) and OJEU/TED (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Arts. 2 (1) 28. and 52)

Minimum # of bidders

What is the minimum number of bidders for restricted procedures? General. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 82 (3))
What is the minimum number of bidders for negotiated procedures? General. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 82 (3))
What is the minimum number of bidders for competitive dialogue procedures? General. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 82 (3))

Bidding period length

What are the minimum number of days for open procedures? General. There is no set minimum for procurement below EU thresholds. For procurement above EU thresholds, the minimum number of days is 35. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 40 (2) (6))
What are the minimum number of days for restricted procedures? General. There is no set minimum for procurement below EU thresholds. For procurement above EU thresholds, the minimum number of days is 30. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 41 (5) (10))
What are the minimum number of days  for competitive negotiated procedures? General. There is no set minimum for procurement below EU thresholds. For procurement above EU thresholds, the minimum number of days is 30. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 44 (4) (8))

Institutional arrangements

Institutions and regulations

Does the law specify the main EXCEPTIONS preventing the application of the public procurement law for tenders/organisations? Yes. Main exceptions include: 1. contracts enabling contracting entities operating in the field of public communications networks to offer or use public communications networks or to provide one or more public communications services; 2. contracts which the contracting authority must award or organize in accordance with public procurement procedures which differ from the procedures referred to in the Public Procurement Act and which are determined by: a) international law/international agreements; b) an international organization; 3. contracts awarded or organized by the contracting authority in accordance with public procurement rules laid down by an international organization or international financial institution where the procurement are wholly financed by that organization or institution; 4. public service contracts for: a) the acquisition or lease of land; b) the acquisition, development, production or co-production of program material for audiovisual or radio media services; c) arbitration and conciliation services; d) specified legal services; e) financial services; f) loans, whether or not related to the issue, sale, purchase or transfer of securities or other financial instruments; g) employment contracts; h) civil defense and civil protection; i) public passenger transport services by rail or underground; j) political campaign services; 5. public service contracts awarded by the contracting authority to another contracting authority or an association of contracting authorities on the basis of an exclusive right which they hold in accordance with a law or other published regulation in accordance with the TFEU; 6. specified public research and development service contracts; 7. public contracts and design contests, if awarded by a contracting authority providing postal services for the performance of specified activities; 8. public procurement of equipment, techniques and other public procurement to ensure the basic conditions for survival or immediate prevention of imminent damage in the event of a natural or other disaster; 9. infrastructure contracts awarded for the purpose of resale or lease to third parties; 10. public contracts and project tenders in the field of infrastructure awarded by contracting authorities for purposes other than the performance of activities specified in Articles 13 to 19 of the Act; 11. public contracts in the field of infrastructure for the purchase of water; 12. public contracts in the field of infrastructure awarded by contracting authorities active in the energy sector, namely performing the activity referred to in the first paragraph of Article 13, the first paragraph of Article 14 or Article 19 of the Act; 13. public contracts awarded by the contracting authority to a legal person of private or public law, if the conditions referred to in Article 28 of the Act are met; 14. public contracts awarded to an affiliated company or a joint venture or a contracting authority that is part of a joint venture, if the conditions referred to in Article 29 of the Act are met. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Arts. 27, 28 and 29)
Does the law specify the main types of institutions that must apply the public procurement law? Yes. These are: a) authorities of the Republic of Slovenia; b) authorities of self-governing local communities; c) other bodies governed by public law; d) public undertakings which pursue one or more activities in the field of infrastructure; e) other entities pursuing one or more activities in the field of infrastructure, operating on the basis of special or exclusive rights granted by a competent authority of the Republic of Slovenia. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 9)
Does the law specify the main procedure types or procurement methods permitted? Yes. The contracting authority may use the following procedures for the award of a public contract: a) open procedure; b) restricted procedure; c) competitive dialogue; d) innovation partnership; e) competitive negotiated procedure; f) the negotiated procedure with publication; g) negotiated procedure without prior publication; h) the small value procurement procedure. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 39 (1))
Is there a procurement arbitration court dedicated to public procurement cases? Yes. National Audit Commission for the Audit of Public Procurement Procedures (Law No. 43 of 2011, the Legal Protection in Public Procurement Procedures Act (as of 2020), Art. 2)
Is there a procurement regulatory body dedicated to public procurement? No. There is no autonomous body. The ministry responsible for public procurement shall ensure the monitoring of the application of public procurement rules. If the ministry responsible for public procurement finds or receives information indicating specific violations or systemic problems, it must inform the Office of the Republic of Slovenia for Budgetary Control, the Court of Audit, the National Audit Commission, and the Public Agency for Protection of Competition or the Commission. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 114)
Does the law specify procurement advisors' profession (i.e. degree to be obtained, official list of members of the professional association) and its role in the tendering process (e.g. right to draft tender documentations, conduct market research identifying bidders)? No.
Is disclosure of final, beneficial owners required for placing a bid? No.

Complaints

Is there a fee for arbitration procedure? Yes. The fees for the procedure before the National Audit Commission, when the subject of the appeal is a publication, invitation to tender or tender documentation, are: 1. EUR 2,000 for low-value procurement procedure or a tendering procedure following prior publication; 2. EUR 4,000 for contracts awarded under an open procedure, a prior qualification procedure, a restricted procedure, a competitive negotiated procedure, a negotiated procedure with prior publication, a negotiated procedure without prior publication, an innovation partnership or a competitive dialogue. Where the request for review relates to a decision by which the contracting authority awards a contract, the fee shall be 2% of the price of the most favorable admissible tender (with VAT) for the lot or contract, and in the case of defense and security procurement 2% from the price of the most favorable complete offer (with VAT), but not less than EUR 500 and not more than EUR 25,000. Notwithstanding the above, the fee for this decision shall be EUR 2,000 if the decision relates to the selection of parties to a framework agreement taken in a low-value procurement procedure or a call for tenders following prior publication, and EUR 6,000 if the decision relates to the selection of conclusion of a framework agreement adopted in any other procurement procedure. Where the fee cannot be assessed according to these parameters, it shall amount to EUR 1,000. (Law No. 43 of 2011, the Legal Protection in Public Procurement Procedures Act (as of 2020), Arts. 71)
Is there a ban on contract signature until arbitration court decision (first instance court)? Yes. When a request for revision is submitted in the public procurement procedure, the contracting authority may continue the public procurement procedure, but may not reject all tenders due to circumstances on the part of the contracting authority, conclude contracts, suspend public procurement procedures or initiate a new procurement procedure for the same subject of procurement, unless the request for review relates to the award of an individual contract under a framework agreement or in a dynamic purchasing system. Additionally, there is a standstill period, during which the contracting authority may not conclude the contract. This period corresponds to the interim time foressen for the submission of requests for legal protection. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (ZJN-3) (as of 2020), Art. 92 (1) Law No. 43 of 2011, the Legal Protection in Public Procurement Procedures Act (as of 2020), Art. 17)
What is the maximum number of days until arbitration court decision from filing a complaint in the case of awarded contracts? General. When the National Audit Commission accepts a request for revision for consideration, it must decide on it and issue a decision no later than 15 working days from the receipt of the complete request and the entire documentation. In justified cases, the National Audit Commission may extend the deadline by a maximum of 15 working days, of which it must inform the contracting authority, the applicant and the selected tenderer before the expiry of the deadline referred to in the previous sentence. (Law No. 43 of 2011, the Legal Protection in Public Procurement Procedures Act (as of 2020), Art. 37 (1))
Is there a requirement to publicly release arbitration court decisions ? Yes. The National Audit Commission sends its decisions to the contracting authority, the applicant and the ministry responsible for public procurement. The decision is also sent to the selected tenderer if the request for revision is submitted after the decision of the contracting authority on the award of the public contract. The Commission further publishes its decisions on: http://www.dkom.si/odlocitve_DKOM/. (Law No. 43 of 2011, the Legal Protection in Public Procurement Procedures Act (as of 2020), Art. 37 (1))

Legislation

Decree No. 37 of 2016 (Slovenian)pdf
Decree No. 51 of 2017, establishing the Green Public Procurement Regulation (Slovenian)pdf
Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act No. 69 of 2011 (ZIntPK) (Slovenian)pdf
Law No. 43 of 2011, establishing the Legal Protection in Public Procurement Procedures Act (Slovenian)pdf
Public Procurement Act (ZJN3) (Slovenian)pdf
Public Procurement in the Field of Defense and Security Act (Slovenian)pdf
Rules of Procedure No. 55 of 2012 of the National Review Commission (Slovenian)pdf

*Last update: 2017