EUROPAM

European Public Accountability Mechanisms

Slovakia

Country score (European Average*)
  • 72(66) Political Financing
  • 88(53) Financial Disclosure
  • 64(37) Conflict of Interest
  • 62(59) Freedom of Information
  • 91(62) Public Procurement

Country Facts

IncomeHigh
GNI per capita (2011 PPP $)27851.60
Population, total5428704.00
Urban population (% of total)53.47
Internet users (per 100 people)80.48
Life expectancy at birth (years)77.21
Mean years of schooling (years)12.2
Global Competitiveness Index4.3
Sources: World Bank, UNDP, WEF.

Political Financing

The Act on Political Parties and Movements (2005, amended 2016) and the Act on Limitation of Expenditures of the Political Parties on Advertising Before Elections (1994) are the main laws regulating the financing of political parties in Slovakia.

There are some restrictions on the private income of political parties. Donations from foreign entities and anonymous donors are banned. Donations from corporations are not banned except where the corporation is under partial government ownership. Trade unions are also permitted to donate but other entities are not and are specified in the law. There are limits on donations to parties outside of election periods but there appear to be no limits during election period,

Public funding is available for parties and is allocated based on the share of votes attained in the previous election and the representation in the elected body. There are specific rules regarding what the public funding may not be used for. There are provisions on subsidized access for the media which is allocated equally.

For regulation on spending, there is a ban on vote buying but not on state resources being used in favour or against a political party or candidate. There are limits on spending.

Parties are required to report on their finances annually and the reports are required to be made public. Reports must reveal financial information in relation to election campaigns and must reveal the identity of donors. Reports are overseen by the National Council of the Slovak Republic. There are sanctions in the form of fines for those breaching the provisions of the law.


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

20122015201620172020Trend
Bans and limits on private income5050505050
Public funding7575626262
Regulations on spending7575757575
Reporting, oversight and sanctions100100100100100

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Bans and limits on private income

Bans on donations from foreign interests

Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties? Yes. (1) The party may not receive donations and other non-refundable funds from: f) Natural person that is not citizen of the Slovak Republic; g) Legal entity headquartered abroad (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016 Section 24(1)(f)&(g))
Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates? Yes. Raising Funds for Promotion of Candidates for Presidential Office (1) A candidate for the presidential office shall be entitled to obtain donations and other gratuitous performance in support of his/her candidature only from natural persons with permanent residence on the territory of the Slovak Republic, from legal entities with registered office on the territory of the Slovak Republic or from political parties and movements registered in the Slovak Republic. (Act of 18 March 1999 on election of the president of the Slovak Republic, plebiscite, recalling of president and amending of some other acts, as amended by the Act no. 515/2003 Coll., Act no. 167/2008 Coll. and Act no. 445/2008 Coll.)

Bans on corporate donations

Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties? No. Absent from legal framework
Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates? No. Section 18.‌1, "(1) A candidate for the presidential office shall be entitled to obtain donations and other gratuitous performance in support of his/‌her candidature only from natural persons with permanent residence on the territory of the Slovak Republic, from legal entities with registered office on the territory of the Slovak Republic or from political parties and movements registered in the Slovak Republic.‌" Separate rules exist for Presidential candidates finance, these do not include a ban on corporate donations. (Act of 18 March 1999 on Election of the President of the Slovak Republic, Plebiscite, Recalling of President and Amending of some other Acts, as amended by the Act No.​ 515/​2003 Coll.​, Act no.​ 167/​2008 Coll.​ and Act no.​ 445/​2008 Coll.​)
Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties? No. Specific rules exist for Presidential candidates, no ban on such donations.
Is there a ban on donations from corporations of partial government ownership to political parties? Yes. (1) The party may not receive donations and other non-refundable funds from: c) Legal entities whose assets are partially held by the State, the Ownership Fund of the Slovak Republic, or by larger localities or territorial units; (Law No. 85on Political Parties and Movements 2005, (amended 2016) Section 24(1)(c) )
Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates? No. Specific rules exist for Presidential candidates, no ban on such donations. Section 18 Raising Funds for Promotion of Candidates for Presidential Office "(1) A candidate for the presidential office shall be entitled to obtain donations and other gratuitous performance in support of his/‌her candidature only from natural persons with permanent residence on the territory of the Slovak Republic, from legal entities with registered office on the territory of the Slovak Republic or from political parties and movements registered in the Slovak Republic.‌" (Act of 18 March 1999 on Election of the President of the Slovak Republic, Plebiscite, Recalling of President and Amending of some other Acts, as amended by the Act No.​ 515/​2003 Coll.​, Act no.​ 167/​2008 Coll.​ and Act no.​ 445/​2008 Coll.​)
Is there a ban on donations from corporations of partial government ownership to candidates? No. Section 18 Raising Funds for Promotion of Candidates for Presidential Office "(1) A candidate for the presidential office shall be entitled to obtain donations and other gratuitous performance in support of his/‌her candidature only from natural persons with permanent residence on the territory of the Slovak Republic, from legal entities with registered office on the territory of the Slovak Republic or from political parties and movements registered in the Slovak Republic.‌" (Act of 18 March 1999 on Election of the President of the Slovak Republic, Plebiscite, Recalling of President and Amending of some other Acts, as amended by the Act No.​ 515/​2003 Coll.​, Act no.​ 167/​2008 Coll.​ and Act no.​ 445/​2008 Coll.​)

Bans on donations from trade unions

Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties? No. Absent from legal framework
Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates? No. Presidential candidates may receive private funding for his/‌her publicity campaign in the form of gifts and services free of charge, from permanent residents of the Slovak Republic, legal entities having their registered seat in the Slovak Republic and from political parties and movements registered in the Slovak Republic.‌ (Act of 18 March 1999 on Election of the President of the Slovak Republic, Plebiscite, Recalling of President and Amending of some other Acts, as amended by the Act No.​ 515/​2003 Coll.​, Act no.​ 167/​2008 Coll.​ and Act no.​ 445/​2008 Coll.​)

Bans on anonymous donations

Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties? Yes. The party has the obligation to keep a separate record of donations and other non-refundable funds. (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2015 Section 22(3))
Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates? No. Section 19 (1) A candidate for the presidential office shall be obliged to keep records of all donations obtained for his/her promotion and about their donors and to notify the Ministry of Finance of the Slovak Republic in writing of the total amount of funds obtained for his/her promotion (Section 18 § 1), and of the total amount of money paid for his/her promotion (Section 16). In the written notification, the candidate for the presidential office shall state the name, surname, permanent residence and the value of a donation or gratuitous performance of each donor, in case that the donor is a natural person and the value of the donation exceeded 331 EUR, and the name, registered office and value of a donation or gratuitous performance of each donor, in case that the donor is a legal entity and the value of the donation exceeded 331 EUR. Disclosure of identity if donation more than 331EUR (Act of 18 March 1999 on Election of the President of the Slovak Republic, Plebiscite, Recalling of President and Amending of some other Acts, as amended by the Act No.​ 515/​2003 Coll.​, Act no.​ 167/​2008 Coll.​ and Act no.​ 445/​2008 Coll.​)

Other bans on donations

Is there a ban on state resources being given to or received by political parties or candidates (excluding regulated public funding)? Yes. State resources are not included in the list of allowed income: (1) Party income may result from: a) Incomes from member subscriptions b) Incomes from donations and other non-refundable funds c) Incomes from inheritances d) incomes from renting or selling movable and immovable assets e) Incomes from bank interests f) Percentage incomes from trade company’s business g) Dividends from traded securities h) Incomes from loans and credits i) Incomes from the state budget j) other income from legal relations and fulfillment of obligations under special regulations (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016 Section 22(1))
Is there a ban on any other form of donation? Yes. c) Legal entities whose assets are partially held by the State, the Ownership Fund of the Slovak Republic, or by larger localities or territorial units; d) Civil associations, foundations, non-profit organizations performing community services, non-investment funds, legal entities shareholders, municipal associations, extraneity organizations e) Public institutions and other legal entities established by the law; (Law No. 85on Political Parties and Movements, 2005 (amended 2016) Section 24(c), (d) & (e) )

Donation limits

Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party over a time period (not election specific)? Yes. (2)The party may receive a financial donation in cash from a donor only once during a calendar year, in amount of maximum euro 5000. (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016 Section 24(2) & 31a(1))
Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party in relation to an election? No. Absent from legal framework
Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate? No. Absent from legal framework

Public funding 

Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties

Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of votes in previous election Yes. (1) The party shall receive contributions for votes according to the individual regulation. (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016 Section 26(1))
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Representation in elected body Yes. Party’s contributions from the state budget are: a) Contributions for votes obtained after elections (hereinafter only « contributions for votes ») b) Contributions for activity c) Contributions per mandate. (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016 Section 25)
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Participation in election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Number of candidates No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of seats in previous election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of votes in next election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Registration as a political party No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of seats in next election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Number of members No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Other Yes. 27 (1) Each party obtaining contributions for votes has the right to contributions for activity. 28(1) Depending on the number of mandates obtained within the National Council of the Slovak Republic, the party has the right to contribution for mandate in amount of: multiple of the average nominal monthly salary in the Slovak Republic, amount ascertained by the institution, for the calendar year previous to the year in which the elections took place (hereinafter the “average salary”). (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016 Section 27(1) & 28(1))

Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties

Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Proportional to votes received Yes. Exclusively proportional. Ongoing funding; Part proportionate to votes won, part proportionate to seats. Campaign funding; proportionate to votes won in just concluded election (funds provided post-election). (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016 Section 27(2) & 28(1))
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Equal No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Proportional to seats received No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Flat rate by votes received No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Share of expenses reimbursed No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Proportional to candidates fielded No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Number of members No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Other Yes. (2) The contribution for activity equals the total amount of the contribution for votes divided to 48. In the elections year maximum three parts of the amount shall be paid, and for each full year of mandate shall be paid 12 parts and in the year of the following elections the rest of the amount shall be paid. If the activity of the National Council of the Slovak Republic is concluded before the end of the mandate, the remained parts shall be decreased by the number of months the mandate was shortened. (1) Depending on the number of mandates obtained within the National Council of the Slovak Republic, the party has the right to contribution for mandate in amount of: multiple of the average nominal monthly salary in the Slovak Republic, amount ascertained by the institution, for the calendar year previous to the year in which the elections took place (hereinafter the “average salary”). For each obtained mandate, within the limit of 12 mandates, the party has the right to contribution for mandate in amount multiple of 30 of the average salary. For the twenty first mandate and for all following mandates, the party has the right to contribution for mandate in amount multiple of 20 of the average salary. (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016 Section 27(2) & 28(1))

Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties

Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Campaign spending No. Absent from legal framework
Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Ongoing party activities No. Absent from legal framework
Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Intra-party institution No. Absent from legal framework
Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Other Yes. Contributions from the state budget according to § 25 shall not be used by the party for: a) Loans or credits to natural persons or legal entities b) Silent partnership agreements, c) Business of the trade company established by the party or in which the party is sole shareholder d) Pledge on behalf of natural persons or legal entities e) Donations f) Payment of fines or other financial sanctions. (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016, Section 29)

Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties

Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Equal Yes. Art.10 (6). Slovak Radio, Slovak Television and any licensed broadcaster shall ensure to all political parties and candidate of the coalition of political parties equal conditions for the purchase of broadcasting time as well as equal price and payment conditions. (Article 10 (6), Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014)
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Number of candidates No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Share of seats No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Share of votes in preceding election No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Other No. Absent from legal framework
Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates? Yes. Section 15, "(3) At the time of the campaign, each candidate shall have the same access to the mass media.‌ (4) For the campaign under Paragraph 1, the Slovak Radio and the Slovak Television shall reserve maximally one hour of the broadcasting time per candidate, and maximally 10 hours of the broadcasting time in total, in a manner securing that none of the candidates is disadvantages by determination of the broadcasting time.‌ Any claim to the broadcasting time must be filed at the latest five days before commencement of the campaign, otherwise it shall be forfeited.‌ The Slovak Television and the Slovak Radio shall secure a clear marking and separation of this broadcasting from other programmes.‌ (5) A licence holder for the radio or television broadcasting (hereinafter the “licence holder”) can reserve maximally one hour of the broadcasting time per candidate and maximally 10 hours of the broadcasting time in total.‌ Licence holders shall secure a clear marking and separation of this broadcasting time from other programmes by informing the public that this is a paid political advertising.‌ (6) Payment for use of the telecommunication means11) shall be provided to the Slovak Radio and the Slovak Television from the State budget of the Slovak Republic according to the extent of the broadcasting time provided under Paragraph 4.‌ "(7) The costs of the campaign in the radio and television broadcasting of licence holders shall be paid by candidates or political parties and political movements, which proposed them.‌ Licence holders shall be obliged to secure to all candidates the same conditions of purchase of the broadcasting time and the same prices and terms of payment.‌" (Act of 18 March 1999 on Election of the President of the Slovak Republic, Plebiscite, Recalling of President and Amending of some other Acts, as amended by the Act No.​ 515/​2003 Coll.​, Act no.​ 167/​2008 Coll.​ and Act no.​ 445/​2008 Coll.​)

Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?

Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Premises for campaign meetings No. Absent from legal framework
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Space for campaign materials Yes. Art.16. In the capital of Slovakia Bratislava and in the city district of Kosice, general binding regulations shall designate spaces and determine the conditions for placing election posters in public places during the election campaign for elections to the National Council of the Slovak Republic, the elections to the European Parliament elections to bodies of self-governing regions and elections to municipal bodies. The designation must conply with the principle of equality for the contesting bodies. (Article 16, Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014)
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Tax relief No. Absent from legal framework
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Free or subsidised transport No. Absent from legal framework
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Free or subsidised postage cost No. Absent from legal framework
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Other No. Absent from legal framework
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No. Absent from legal framework
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No. Absent from legal framework

Regulations on spending 

Is there a ban on vote buying? Yes. Vote buying was criminalized in 2011. (Criminal Code (300/2005 Coll.), § 336a ("Electoral corruption"))
Are there bans on state resources being used in favour or against a political party or candidate? No. Absent from legal framework
Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend? Yes. A spending limit applies from the promulgation of elections until the election day. Limit of 12,000,000 SKK [around I$ 698,000] for political parties on advertising. Art. 3(1). Political parties and political movements may spend a maximum of EUR 3,000,000 in the elections of the National Council of the Slovak Republic and in the elections of the European Parliament. Art. 5 (1). The candidate for the President of the Slovak Republic [...] may spend a maximum of EUR 500,000 for their election campaign including the value added tax for both election rounds Art. 6 (1). Indipendent candidates may spend: a) for the function of President of the Regional Government a maximum of EUR 250,000; b) for the function of mayor of the Slovark capital Bratislava or of Kosice a maximum of EUR 250,000; c) for the function of mayor: 1) a maximum of EUR 100,000 in a city of 60,000 inhabitants; 2) a maximum of EUR 70,000 in a city of 30,001 to 60,000 inhabitants; 3) a maximum of EUR 50,000 in a city of 16,001 to 30,000 inhabitants; 4) a maximum of EUR 20,000 in a city of 10,001 to 16,000 inhabitants; 5) a maximum of EUR 10,000 in a city of 5,001 to 10,000 inhabitants; 6) a maximum of EUR 5,000 in a city of 2,001 to 5,000 inhabitants; 7) a maximum of EUR 2,000 in a city of 2,000 inhabitants. (Articles 3, 5 and 6, Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014)
Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend? Yes. Limit for presidential candidates is EUR 132.775 [I$ 233,000] (Act of 18 March 1999 on Election of the President of the Slovak Republic, Plebiscite, Recalling of President and Amending of some other Acts, as amended by the Act No.​ 515/​2003 Coll.​, Act no.​ 167/​2008 Coll.​ and Act no.​ 445/​2008 Coll.​ Section 16)

Reporting, oversight and sanctions 

Reporting standards

Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances? Yes. (1) The party has the obligation to draft the yearly report for the previous calendar year. (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016 Section 30(1))
Do political parties have to report on their finances in relation to election campaigns? Yes. (1) The party has the obligation to draft the yearly report for the previous calendar year. (m) an overview of the cost of an election campaign for each type of election that took place in the year in questionaccording to a special regulation, (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016 Section 30(1))
Do candidates have to report on their campaign finances? Yes. Presidential candidates only. "A candidate for the presidential office shall be obliged to keep records of all donations obtained for his/her promotion and about their donors and to notify the Ministry of Finance of the Slovak Republic in writing of the total amount of funds obtained for his/her promotion (Section 18 § 1), and of the total amount of money paid for his/her promotion (Section 16). In the written notification, the candidate for the presidential office shall state the name, surname, permanent residence and the value of a donation or gratuitous performance of each donor, in case that the donor is a natural person and the value of the donation exceeded 331 EUR, and the name, registered office and value of a donation or gratuitous performance of each donor, in case that the donor is a legal entity and the value of the donation exceeded 331 EUR." (Act of 18 March 1999 on Election of the President of the Slovak Republic, Plebiscite, Recalling of President and Amending of some other Acts, as amended by the Act No.​ 515/​2003 Coll.​, Act no.​ 167/​2008 Coll.​ and Act no.​ 445/​2008 Coll.​ )
Is information in reports from political parties and/​or candidates to be made public? Yes. (4) The party has the obligation to publish at each three months the list of donors on its website, within 30 days as of the end of each 3 months term. The list of donors must include the forenames, names and permanent domicile addresses of the donors in case of natural persons - contractor and trade name in case of legal entities, name or trade name and headquarters address and value of the financial donation. (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016 Section 23(4))
Must reports from political parties and/​or candidates reveal the identity of donors? Yes. (3) The party has the obligation to keep a separate record of donations and other non-refundable funds, including the date of receiving the donations or other non-refundable funds, the amounts and identification data of the donor or identification data of the contractual party that offered the non-refundable funds. (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016 Section 23(2))
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Electoral Management Board No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Auditing agency No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Ministry Yes. If the annual report does not contain the information referred to in paragraph 2, if the data are not complete or true, or if the annual report finds otherviolation of the law, the State Commission shall invite the party to remedy the deficiencies within the specified time, not later than 30 June. (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016 Section 30(6))
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Special institution No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Court No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Other Yes. The yearly report for the previous calendar year shall be submitted by the party to the National Council of the Slovak Republic, each year until April 30th. (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016 Section 30(1))

Political finance oversight

Is it specified that a particular institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/​or investigating violations?
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Court No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Ministry No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Auditing agency No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Electoral Management Body No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Institution for this purpose Yes. If the annual report does not contain the information referred to in paragraph 2, if the data are not complete or true, or if the annual report finds otherviolation of the law, the State Commission on Election and Control of the Financing of Political Parties shall invite the party to remedy the deficiencies within the specified time, not later than 30 June. (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016 Section 30(6))
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Other No. Absent from legal framework
Other institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Court No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Ministry No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Auditing agency Yes. The financial control for observing the conditions for granting the contributions from the state budget as well as their proper use shall be performed by the financial control administration. (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016 Section 32)
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: EMB No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Institution for this purpose No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Other No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Fines Yes. (1) The Ministry shall impose on the Party a fine from EUR 600 to EUR 3 500 if the Party fails to submit to the Ministry within the time limit referred to in Article 9 1, § 10 par. 1 a§ 11 par. 1 proposal to change the data entered in the registry of the parties and within the time limit pursuant to § 12 par. 2 a proposal for the registration of new statutes parties. The Ministry shall impose a fine on the party from EUR 600 to EUR 3500 if the Party or its Member has infringed Article 2 Second (2) The State Commission shall impose on the party a fine of EUR 3,500 if the party has not submitted an annual report within the time limit referred to in Article 30 l. (3) The State Commission shall impose on the party a fine of EUR 200 to EUR 2 000, unless the party has removed the deficiencies identified within the time limit under Article 30 6th (4) The State Commission shall impose on the party a fine of EUR 5,000 if it fails to fulfill the obligation under Article 22 5th (5) The State Commission shall impose a fine on the party in the amount of double the income from the donation or from any other gratuitous fulfillment if the party has accepted the giftor other gratuitous performance in violation of this law. (6) The State Commission shall impose a fine of EUR 5 000 on a legal person who fails to fulfill an obligation under Section 31a.(7) The fines referred to in paragraphs 1 to 6 may be imposed within two years from the date on which the Ministry or the State Commissionviolation of the law, but no later than three years from the day of the violation. (8) When imposing a fine and deciding on its amount, account shall be taken of the seriousness, the manner of proceedings and the duration of the unlawful situation.(9) An appeal can not be lodged against the decision of the State Commission (Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016 Section 31(2))
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of public funding No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Penal/Criminal No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Forfeiture No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Deregistration of party No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of elected office No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Suspension of political party No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of nomination of candidate No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of political rights No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Other No. Absent from legal framework

Legislation

Law No. 85 on Political Parties and Movements, 2005, amended 2016 (Slovakian)pdf
Law No. 181 on the election campaign and amendments to Law No. 85 on political parties and movements, 2014 (Slovakian)pdf
Act of 18 March 1999 on election of the president of the Slovak Republic, plebiscite, recalling of president and amending of some other acts, as amended by the Act no. 515/2003 Coll., Act no. 167/2008 Coll. and Act no. 445/2008 Coll. (English)pdf
Criminal Code (300/2005 Coll.), amended 2016 (Slovakian)pdf

*Last update: 2017


Financial Disclosure

The Slovakian Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2005) collects all financial disclosure legislation for all public officials. The same rules apply to the Head of State, Ministers, Members of Parliament, and Civil Servants. These must disclose real estate, movable assets, cash, debts and all income earned from public and private employment. The spouse and children are to be included in the financial disclosure. All public officials are expected to voice possible conflicts of interests as early as possible in the decision-making process. At the end of a one-year period after ending tenure, all public officials must submit a declaration on remaining possible conflicts of interests.

Public officials make their statements upon taking and leaving office, while updates are submitted annually. In case public officials submit their declarations too late, fail to make declarations, or submit false disclosure statements a fine may be imposed. The two latter cases can also lead to a removal from office. All public officials make their disclosure statements with a special committee of the National Council. This commmitte is also responsible for verifying the accuracy of submissions, and enforcing possible sanctions.


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

20122015201620172020Trend
Disclosure items7674747489
Filing frequency50100100100100
Sanctions100100100100100
Monitoring and Oversight100100100100100
Public access to declarations5050505050

Alternative Metric

20122015201620172020Trend
Head of State7585858588
Ministers7585858588
Members of Parliament7585858588
Civil servants7685858588

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Head of State

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure Yes. Declarations must include their economic standing and economic standing of their spouse and minors living in their household, including their personal data in the following way: first name, surname and address of their permanent residence. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. The public official is required to declare his or her ownership of immovable property, including ownership of an apartment and non-residential space with an indication of its type, ownership share, cadastral area, title deed (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Movable assets Yes. The public official is required to declare his or her movable assets valued greater than 35 times the minimum wage must be declared. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Cash Yes. The public official is required to declare his or her “ownership of proprietary right or other proprietary value,” including cash, whose aggregate value is greater than 35 times the minimum wage . (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Loans and Debts Yes. The public official is required to declare his or her debts whose value exceeds 35 times the minimum wage. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. The public official is required to declare his or here arned income, including salaries from public office, and other offices or professions or activities. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official Yes. The date, type and description of gift or other benefit accepted by the official, if the value of one gift/benefit or gifts/benefits from one donor exceed 10 times the minimum wage (i.e. exceeding 5 200€) must be included in the declarations. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. What functions does it have in state bodies, in bodies of territorial self-government, in bodies of legal entities performing business activities and in bodies of other legal entities; it shall also state from which of the functions mentioned it receives income, functional or other benefits and the date from which it took up such a function ust be declared (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. What functions does it have in state bodies, in bodies of territorial self-government, in bodies of legal entities performing business activities and in bodies of other legal entities; it shall also state from which of the functions mentioned it receives income, functional or other benefits and the date from which it took up such a function must be declared (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Holding government contracts No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. What functions does it have in state bodies, in bodies of territorial self-government, in bodies of legal entities performing business activities and in bodies of other legal entities; it shall also state from which of the functions mentioned it receives income, functional or other benefits and the date from which it took up such a function must be declared (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Post-employment Yes. The Public official shall, within 30 days of the end of the one-year-period following the end of public office, submit a written declaration for the previous calendar year on any possible conflicts of interest, as outlined in the Article. (Article 5 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. The public official shall, in a discussion by an authority on a matter in which he/she has vested interest, declare his/her personal vested interest in the matter prior to making a statement in the discussion. (Article 6 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. A declaration must be made within 30 days of taking office . (Article 3 and 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. Any public official shall, within a period of 30 days of the end of the one-year-period of the end of performance of the public office, submit a written declaration for the previous calendar year (Article 8 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019) )
Filing required annually Yes. Declarations must be made annually by 31 March (Article 3 and 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest Yes. According to the incompatibility of jobs offices and activities (Article 5 and 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A fine equal to one month’s wage may be levied for late filing after March The specific procedures for removal from office are described in articles 9 and 10 of this law. (Article 9 and 10 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Non-filing may result in removal from office and/or a fine equal to one month’s wages after March (Article 9 and 10 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Providing false information on an asset declaration may result in removal from office and/or a fine equal to three month’s wages after March (Article 9 and 10 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. The special committee of the National Council serves as depositary body (Article 7 and 9 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. The special committee of the National Council is supposed to investigate (Article 7 and 9 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. The special committee of the National Council is supposed verify submission (Article 7 and 9 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy Yes. The special committee of the National Council is supposed verify acurrancy but its not mandatory (Article 7 and 9 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. Declarations are publicly available on the website of the National Council of the Slovak Republic (Article 7 Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Timing of information release specified No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Location(s) of access specified Yes. online (Article 7 Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Cost of access specified No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Ministers

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure Yes. Declarations must include their economic standing and economic standing of their spouse and minors living in their household, including their personal data in the following way: first name, surname and address of their permanent residence. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. The public official is required to declare his or her ownership of immovable property, including ownership of an apartment and non-residential space with an indication of its type, ownership share, cadastral area, title deed (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Movable assets Yes. The public official is required to declare his or her movable assets valued greater than 35 times the minimum wage must be declared. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Cash Yes. The public official is required to declare his or her “ownership of proprietary right or other proprietary value,” including cash, whose aggregate value is greater than 35 times the minimum wage . (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Loans and Debts Yes. The public official is required to declare his or her debts whose value exceeds 35 times the minimum wage. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. The public official is required to declare his or here arned income, including salaries from public office, and other offices or professions or activities. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official Yes. The date, type and description of gift or other benefit accepted by the official, if the value of one gift/benefit or gifts/benefits from one donor exceed 10 times the minimum wage (i.e. exceeding 5 200€) must be included in the declarations. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. What functions does it have in state bodies, in bodies of territorial self-government, in bodies of legal entities performing business activities and in bodies of other legal entities; it shall also state from which of the functions mentioned it receives income, functional or other benefits and the date from which it took up such a function ust be declared (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. What functions does it have in state bodies, in bodies of territorial self-government, in bodies of legal entities performing business activities and in bodies of other legal entities; it shall also state from which of the functions mentioned it receives income, functional or other benefits and the date from which it took up such a function must be declared (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Holding government contracts No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. What functions does it have in state bodies, in bodies of territorial self-government, in bodies of legal entities performing business activities and in bodies of other legal entities; it shall also state from which of the functions mentioned it receives income, functional or other benefits and the date from which it took up such a function must be declared (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Post-employment Yes. The Public official shall, within 30 days of the end of the one-year-period following the end of public office, submit a written declaration for the previous calendar year on any possible conflicts of interest, as outlined in the Article. (Article 5 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. The public official shall, in a discussion by an authority on a matter in which he/she has vested interest, declare his/her personal vested interest in the matter prior to making a statement in the discussion. (Article 6 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. A declaration must be made within 30 days of taking office . (Article 3 and 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. Any public official shall, within a period of 30 days of the end of the one-year-period of the end of performance of the public office, submit a written declaration for the previous calendar year (Article 8 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019) )
Filing required annually Yes. Declarations must be made annually by 31 March (Article 3 and 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest Yes. According to the incompatibility of jobs offices and activities (Article 5 and 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A fine equal to one month’s wage may be levied for late filing after March The specific procedures for removal from office are described in articles 9 and 10 of this law. (Article 9 and 10 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Non-filing may result in removal from office and/or a fine equal to one month’s wages after March (Article 9 and 10 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Providing false information on an asset declaration may result in removal from office and/or a fine equal to three month’s wages after March (Article 9 and 10 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. The special committee of the National Council serves as depositary body (Article 7 and 9 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. The special committee of the National Council is supposed to investigate (Article 7 and 9 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. The special committee of the National Council is supposed verify submission (Article 7 and 9 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy Yes. The special committee of the National Council is supposed verify acurrancy but its not mandatory (Article 7 and 9 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. Declarations are publicly available on the website of the National Council of the Slovak Republic (Article 7 Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Timing of information release specified No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Location(s) of access specified Yes. online (Article 7 Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Cost of access specified No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Members of Parliament

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure Yes. Declarations must include their economic standing and economic standing of their spouse and minors living in their household, including their personal data in the following way: first name, surname and address of their permanent residence. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. The public official is required to declare his or her ownership of immovable property, including ownership of an apartment and non-residential space with an indication of its type, ownership share, cadastral area, title deed (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Movable assets Yes. The public official is required to declare his or her movable assets valued greater than 35 times the minimum wage must be declared. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Cash Yes. The public official is required to declare his or her “ownership of proprietary right or other proprietary value,” including cash, whose aggregate value is greater than 35 times the minimum wage . (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Loans and Debts Yes. The public official is required to declare his or her debts whose value exceeds 35 times the minimum wage. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. The public official is required to declare his or here arned income, including salaries from public office, and other offices or professions or activities. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official Yes. The date, type and description of gift or other benefit accepted by the official, if the value of one gift/benefit or gifts/benefits from one donor exceed 10 times the minimum wage (i.e. exceeding 5 200€) must be included in the declarations. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. What functions does it have in state bodies, in bodies of territorial self-government, in bodies of legal entities performing business activities and in bodies of other legal entities; it shall also state from which of the functions mentioned it receives income, functional or other benefits and the date from which it took up such a function ust be declared (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. What functions does it have in state bodies, in bodies of territorial self-government, in bodies of legal entities performing business activities and in bodies of other legal entities; it shall also state from which of the functions mentioned it receives income, functional or other benefits and the date from which it took up such a function must be declared (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Holding government contracts No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. What functions does it have in state bodies, in bodies of territorial self-government, in bodies of legal entities performing business activities and in bodies of other legal entities; it shall also state from which of the functions mentioned it receives income, functional or other benefits and the date from which it took up such a function must be declared (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Post-employment Yes. The Public official shall, within 30 days of the end of the one-year-period following the end of public office, submit a written declaration for the previous calendar year on any possible conflicts of interest, as outlined in the Article. (Article 5 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. The public official shall, in a discussion by an authority on a matter in which he/she has vested interest, declare his/her personal vested interest in the matter prior to making a statement in the discussion. (Article 6 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. A declaration must be made within 30 days of taking office . (Article 3 and 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. Any public official shall, within a period of 30 days of the end of the one-year-period of the end of performance of the public office, submit a written declaration for the previous calendar year (Article 8 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019) )
Filing required annually Yes. Declarations must be made annually by 31 March (Article 3 and 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest Yes. According to the incompatibility of jobs offices and activities (Article 5 and 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A fine equal to one month’s wage may be levied for late filing after March The specific procedures for removal from office are described in articles 9 and 10 of this law. (Article 9 and 10 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Non-filing may result in removal from office and/or a fine equal to one month’s wages after March (Article 9 and 10 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Providing false information on an asset declaration may result in removal from office and/or a fine equal to three month’s wages after March (Article 9 and 10 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. The special committee of the National Council serves as depositary body (Article 7 and 9 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. The special committee of the National Council is supposed to investigate (Article 7 and 9 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. The special committee of the National Council is supposed verify submission (Article 7 and 9 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy Yes. The special committee of the National Council is supposed verify acurrancy but its not mandatory (Article 7 and 9 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. Declarations are publicly available on the website of the National Council of the Slovak Republic (Article 7 Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Timing of information release specified No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Location(s) of access specified Yes. online (Article 7 Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Cost of access specified No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Civil servants

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure Yes. Declarations must include their economic standing and economic standing of their spouse and minors living in their household, including their personal data in the following way: first name, surname and address of their permanent residence. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. The public official is required to declare his or her ownership of immovable property, including ownership of an apartment and non-residential space with an indication of its type, ownership share, cadastral area, title deed (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Movable assets Yes. The public official is required to declare his or her movable assets valued greater than 35 times the minimum wage must be declared. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Cash Yes. The public official is required to declare his or her “ownership of proprietary right or other proprietary value,” including cash, whose aggregate value is greater than 35 times the minimum wage . (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Loans and Debts Yes. The public official is required to declare his or her debts whose value exceeds 35 times the minimum wage. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. The public official is required to declare his or here arned income, including salaries from public office, and other offices or professions or activities. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official Yes. The date, type and description of gift or other benefit accepted by the official, if the value of one gift/benefit or gifts/benefits from one donor exceed 10 times the minimum wage (i.e. exceeding 5 200€) must be included in the declarations. (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. What functions does it have in state bodies, in bodies of territorial self-government, in bodies of legal entities performing business activities and in bodies of other legal entities; it shall also state from which of the functions mentioned it receives income, functional or other benefits and the date from which it took up such a function ust be declared (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. What functions does it have in state bodies, in bodies of territorial self-government, in bodies of legal entities performing business activities and in bodies of other legal entities; it shall also state from which of the functions mentioned it receives income, functional or other benefits and the date from which it took up such a function must be declared (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Holding government contracts No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. What functions does it have in state bodies, in bodies of territorial self-government, in bodies of legal entities performing business activities and in bodies of other legal entities; it shall also state from which of the functions mentioned it receives income, functional or other benefits and the date from which it took up such a function must be declared (Article 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Post-employment Yes. The Public official shall, within 30 days of the end of the one-year-period following the end of public office, submit a written declaration for the previous calendar year on any possible conflicts of interest, as outlined in the Article. (Article 5 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. The public official shall, in a discussion by an authority on a matter in which he/she has vested interest, declare his/her personal vested interest in the matter prior to making a statement in the discussion. (Article 6 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. A declaration must be made within 30 days of taking office . (Article 3 and 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. Any public official shall, within a period of 30 days of the end of the one-year-period of the end of performance of the public office, submit a written declaration for the previous calendar year (Article 8 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019) )
Filing required annually Yes. Declarations must be made annually by 31 March (Article 3 and 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest Yes. According to the incompatibility of jobs offices and activities (Article 5 and 7 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A fine equal to one month’s wage may be levied for late filing after March The specific procedures for removal from office are described in articles 9 and 10 of this law. (Article 9 and 10 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Non-filing may result in removal from office and/or a fine equal to one month’s wages after March (Article 9 and 10 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Providing false information on an asset declaration may result in removal from office and/or a fine equal to three month’s wages after March (Article 9 and 10 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. The special committee of the National Council serves as depositary body (Article 7 and 9 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. The special committee of the National Council is supposed to investigate (Article 7 and 9 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. The special committee of the National Council is supposed verify submission (Article 7 and 9 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy Yes. The special committee of the National Council is supposed verify acurrancy but its not mandatory (Article 7 and 9 of Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. Declarations are publicly available on the website of the National Council of the Slovak Republic (Article 7 Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Timing of information release specified No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Location(s) of access specified Yes. online (Article 7 Constitutional Act No. 357 on the Protection of Public Interest in the Performance of Offices by Public Officials (2004, last amended 2019))
Cost of access specified No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Legislation

Law No. 357 of 2004_SLO, consolidated, last amended 2019.pdf (Slovak)pdf

*Last update: 2017


Conflict of Interest

Slovakian legislation governing conflicts of interests is laid down in the Constitution (1992, amended in 2004), and in the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004, amended 2005). These laws apply the same limitations to the Head of State, Ministers, Members of Parliament, and Civil Servants. A general clause obliges public officials to generally avoid conflicts of interests. Moreover, accepting gifts, performing entrepreneurial activity in the private or public sector, and holding steering or advisory functions in a company is forbidden. Public officials may not take up employment with any organization that received financial contributions by the state for two years after ending tenure. Finally, public officials are prevented from mediating business contracts with any state-related organizations for themselves or for family members.

Violating regulations on conflicts of interests may lead to a loss of wages for up to twelve months, the loss of mandate, or imprisonment for up to twelve years. These sanctions may be applied to all public officials. There is no designated body to provide guidance or monitoring to public officials. All the while, the Committee of the National Council of the Slovak Republic functions as enforcement body for all public officials alike.


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

20122015201620172020Trend
Restrictions7582828275
Sanctions6710010010067
Monitoring and Oversight5050505050

Alternative Metric

20122015201620172020Trend
Head of State6680808066
Ministers6680808066
Members of Parliament6677777766
Civil servants5973737359

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Head of State

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Accepting gifts Yes. The President may not solicit gifts, accept gifts induce other persons to give them gifts or receive other advantages related to the performance of their office; with the exception of gifts customarily given in the performance of a public office or to presents given under statutory provisions. (Article 4 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004))
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. The President shall hold Noother paid position in any profession, business and shall not be a member of executive board of a legal entity conducting entrepreneurial activity. The President may not conduct business. The President may not conclude a silent partnership agreement or acquire bearer shares other than by inheritance. (Article 103 of the Constitution (1992) Article 5, Section 2 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) Article 4 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) )
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. The President shall hold Noother paid position in any profession, business and shall not be a member of an executive board of a legal entity conducting entrepreneurial activity. The President shall not mediate any business with government entities or engage in any other gainful activity in general. (Article 103 of the Constitution (1992) Article 4 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004))
Holding government contracts Yes. The President shall hold Noother paid position in any profession, business and shall not be a member of an executive board of a legal entity conducting entrepreneurial activity. The President shall not mediate any business with government entities. (Article 103 of the Constitution (1992) Article 4 Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004))
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. The President shall hold Noother paid position in any profession, business and shall not be a member of an executive board of a legal entity conducting entrepreneurial activity. The President may not (with some exceptions) be the statutory body or a member of the statutory body, a member of a steering, control or supervisory body of a legal person, which was established for the conduct of business activity, with the exception of a general meeting and members’ meeting. (Article 103 of the Constitution (1992) Article 5 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) )
Post-employment Yes. There are restrictions regarding post employment for public officials who, at any time within a period of two years before the end of their time in office, performed certain transactions (grants of state aid etc.) with natural/legal persons, may not, for a period of one year from terminating their public office: a) take up employment or enter into a similar industrial relation with such persons and receive a wage that is more than ten times higher than the minimum wage; b) be a member of the management, controlling or supervisory board of these persons; c) be a partner, member or shareholder of these persons; d) conclude a procuration agreement, mandate agreement, commission contract, brokerage contract, commercial representation contract, silent partnership agreement or a donation agreement with these persons; e) conclude an agreement authorizing him to act on behalf of these persons. (Article 8 Section 1 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) )
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. The office of the President is incompatible with the position of Member of Parliament and Member of Government. (Article 103 of the Constitution (1992) )
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector Yes. The President may not use his/her office or powers pertaining to his/her office and information acquired by the performance of his/her office or in relation therewith to his/her benefit, to the benefit of his/her close relatives or other natural persons or legal persons. (Article 4 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004))

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. The President faces fines from six to twelve months of wages for not complying with restriction on conflict of interest pursuant to this Act. (Article 9 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) )
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. The President faces loss of mandate if it is decided with finality in the previous proceedings held against the President, that he/she has failed to meet or breached an obligation or restriction laid down by this Constitutional Act or the law, or stated incomplete or incorrect data in the declaration of conflict of interest. (Article 9 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004))
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) Yes. The proceedings regarding a petition in a matter concerning protection of public interest and prevention of conflict of interest shall be conducted by the appropriate Committee of the National Council of the Slovak Republic. (Article 9 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004))

Ministers

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Accepting gifts Yes. Ministers may not solicit gifts, accept gifts induce other persons to give them gifts or receive other advantages related to the performance of their office; with the exception of gifts customarily given in the performance of a public office or to presents given under statutory provisions. (Article 4 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004))
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. Ministers cannot engage in entrepreneurial activity, be a member or a steering, controlling or supervisory body of a legal person engaging in entrepreneurial activity, or exercise another gainful or economic activities apart from the administration of their own property, scientific, pedagogical, literally or artistic activities. Ministers may not conduct business. Ministers may not conclude a silent partnership agreement or acquire bearer shares other than by inheritance. (Article 109 of the Constitution (1992) Article 5, Section 2 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) Article 4 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) )
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. Ministers shall not engage in other economic or gainful activities. Ministers shall not mediate any business with government entities or engage in any other gainful activity in general. (Article 109 of the Constitution (1992) Article 4 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004))
Holding government contracts Yes. Ministers shall not engage in other economic or gainful activities. Ministers shall not mediate any business with government entities. (Article 109 of the Constitution (1992) Article 4 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) )
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. Ministers cannot engage in other economic or gainful activities apart from the administration of his or her own property and scientific, pedagogical, literary or artistic activity. Ministers may not (with some exceptions) be the statutory body or a member of the statutory body, a member of a steering, control or supervisory body of a legal person, which was established for the conduct of business activity, with the exception of a general meeting and members’ meeting. (Article 109 of the Constitution (1992) to Article 5 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004))
Post-employment Yes. Restrictions are provided regarding post employment for public officials who, at any time within a period of two years before the end of their time in office, performed certain transactions (grants of state aid etc.) with natural/legal persons, may not, for a period of one year from terminating their public office: a) take up employment or enter into a similar industrial relation with such persons and receive a wage that is more than ten times higher than the minimum wage; b) be a member of the management, controlling or supervisory board of these persons; c) be a partner, member or shareholder of these persons; d) conclude a procuration agreement, mandate agreement, commission contract, brokerage contract, commercial representation contract, silent partnership agreement or a donation agreement with these persons; e) conclude an agreement authorizing him to act on behalf of these persons. (Article 8 Section 1 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) )
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. The function of Minister is incompatible with the discharge of an MP's mandate; with the discharge of a post in another public authority or public service; with employment; entrepreneurial activity; membership in governing or controlling bodies which pursue entrepreneurial activity or with other economic or gainful activities apart from the administration of his or her own property and scientific, pedagogical, literary or artistic activity. (Article 109 of the Constitution (1992) )
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector Yes. Ministers may not use their office or powers pertaining to their office and information acquired by the performance of their office or in relation therewith to their benefit, to the benefit of their close relatives or other natural persons or legal persons; (Article 4 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) )

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. Ministers face fines from six to twelve months of wages for not complying with restriction on conflict of interest pursuant to this Act. (Article 9 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) )
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. A Minister faces loss of mandate if it is decided with finality in the previous proceedings held against the Minister, that he/she has failed to meet or breached an obligation or restriction laid down by this Constitutional Act or the law, or stated incomplete or incorrect data in the declaration on conflict of interest. (Article 9 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004))
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) Yes. The proceedings regarding a petition in a matter concerning protection of public interest and prevention of conflict of interest shall be conducted by the appropriate Committee of the National Council of the Slovak Republic. (Article 9 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004))

Members of Parliament

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Accepting gifts Yes. MPs may not solicit gifts, accept gifts induce other persons to give them gifts or receive other advantages related to the performance of their office; with the exception of gifts customarily given in the performance of a public office or to presents given under statutory provisions. (Article 4 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) )
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. MPs may not conduct business. MPs may not conclude a silent partnership agreement or acquire bearer shares other than by inheritance. (Article 5 Section 2 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) Article 4 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004))
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. MPs shall not mediate any business with government entities or engage in any other gainful activity in general. (Article 4 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) )
Holding government contracts Yes. MPs shall not mediate any business with government entities. (Article 4 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) )
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. MPs may not (with some exceptions) be the statutory body or a member of the statutory body, a member of a steering, control or supervisory body of a legal person, which was established for the conduct of business activity, with the exception of a general meeting and members’ meeting. (Article 5 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004))
Post-employment Yes. Restrictions are provided regarding post employment for public officials who, at any time within a period of two years before the end of their time in office, performed certain transactions (grants of state aid etc.) with natural/legal persons, may not, for a period of one year from terminating their public office: a) take up employment or enter into a similar industrial relation with such persons and receive a wage that is more than ten times higher than the minimum wage; b) be a member of the management, controlling or supervisory board of these persons; c) be a partner, member or shareholder of these persons; d) conclude a procuration agreement, mandate agreement, commission contract, brokerage contract, commercial representation contract, silent partnership agreement or a donation agreement with these persons; e) conclude an agreement authorizing him to act on behalf of these persons. (Article 8 Section 1 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) )
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. The function of an MP is incompatible with the offices of judge, public prosecutor, Public Defender of Rights, member of the armed forces and member of the armed corps. (Article 77 (1) of the Constitution (1992))
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector Yes. MPs may not use their office or powers pertaining to their office and information acquired by the performance of their office or in relation therewith to their benefit, to the benefit of their close relatives or other natural persons or legal persons; (Article 4 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) )

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. MPs face fines from six to twelve months of wages for not complying with restriction on conflict of interest pursuant to this Act. (Article 9 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004))
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. An MP faces loss of mandate if it is decided with finality in the previous proceedings held against the MP, that he/she has failed to meet or breached an obligation or restriction laid down by this Constitutional Act or the law, or stated incomplete or incorrect data in the declaration on conflict of interest. (Article 9 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004))
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) Yes. The proceedings regarding a petition in a matter concerning protection of public interest and prevention of conflict of interest shall be conducted by the appropriate Committee of the National Council of the Slovak Republic. (Article 9 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004))

Civil servants

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Accepting gifts Yes. Civil servants shall not require or accept gifts. (Article 61 of the Civil Servant Act (2009) Article 4 of the Code of Ethics for Civil Servants (2002) )
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. Civil servants may not be a member of steering, controlling and supervisory bodies of legal persons with exceptions. ( Article 61 Section 2 (c) of the Civil Service Act (2009) Article 61 Section 6 of the Civil Service Act (2009).)
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. Civil servants may not be a member of steering, controlling and supervisory bodies of legal persons with exceptions. ( Article 61 Section 2 (c) of the Civil Service Act (2009) Article 61 Section 6 of the Civil Service Act (2009).)
Holding government contracts Yes. Civil servants shall not perform another entrepreneurial activities or any other profitable activities that are identical or similar to their duties of civil service, and they must not be members of steering, controlling and supervisory bodies of legal persons. (Article 61 Section 2 of the Civil Service Act (2009))
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. A civil servant may not be a member of managing, control or supervisory bodies of legal entities. (Article 61 of the Civil Service Act (2009) )
Post-employment No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector Yes. Civil servants may not be employed in the civil service related to direct subordination of or controllability over close relatives. Civil servants are not allowed to favorite their close relatives in exercising the civil service duties. Civil servants shall not improperly use benefits of they position for themselves, their significant others or other natural persons and legal entities. (Article 30 of the Civil Service Act (2009) Article 61 Section 1 (g) of the Civil Service Act (2009) Article 5 of the Code of Ethics for Civil Servants (2002))

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. Public servants face fines from six to twelve months of wages for not complying with restriction on conflict of interest pursuant to this Act. (Article 9 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004))
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. A public servant faces loss of mandate if it is decided with finality in the previous proceedings held against the public servant, that he/she has failed to meet or breached an obligation or restriction laid down by this Constitutional Act or the law, or stated incomplete or incorrect data in the declaration on conflict of interest. A civil servant faces loss of employment in cases of significant violation of his/her duties or in case of violation of his/her duties repeatedly (Article 9 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) Article 51 Section 1 of the Civil Service Act (2009) Article 47 (h) of the Civil Service Act (2009))
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) Yes. The proceedings regarding a petition in a matter concerning protection of public interest and prevention of conflict of interest shall be conducted by the appropriate Committee of the National Council of the Slovak Republic, local parliaments or the Academic Senate of a University. The Civil Service Office is empowered for proceedings in the matters concerning conflict of interest issues and declarations of assets (Articles 30, 63 and 64 of the Act). (Article 9 of the Constitutional Act on Protection of Public Interest (2004) Articles 30, 63 and 64 of The Civil Service Act (2009) )

Legislation

Constitution of the Republic of Slovakia of 1992 (Slovak)pdf
Law No. 357 of 2004 on the protection of the public interest in the performance of the functions of public officials (Slovak)pdf
Rules of Procedure of the National Council of the Slovak Republic of 1996 (Slovak)pdf
Code of Ethics for Civil Servants of 2019 (Slovak)pdf

*Last update: 2017


Freedom of Information

The freedom of information regime in Slovakia is established by Act 211/2000 on free access to information (2000, amended 2005). The FOI law applies to state agencies, municipalities, as well as legal entities and natural persons that have been given the power by law to make decisions on the rights and obligations in the area of public administration.

Specific exemptions to disclosure are outlined in the aforementioned FOI law, Act No. 251/2004 on the protection of classified information (2004), and Act No. 122/2013 on the protection of personal data (2013). No public interest test exists whereby exemptions to disclosure may be overridden in cases where disclosure of information benefits the public interest.

Appeals may be filed with public authorities and with the courts. There is no appeals process through an independent non-judicial mechanism, such as an information commissioner.

Fines and administrative sanctions may be imposed by a district office for violations of FOI provisions, but there are no oversight bodies tasked with managing implementation.


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

20122015201620172020Trend
Scope and Coverage5858585858
Information access and release100100100100100
Exceptions and Overrides6767676767
Sanctions for non-compliance6767676767
Monitoring and Oversight1717171717

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Scope and Coverage

Scope of disclosure

Existence of legal right to access No. Absent from legal framework
"Information" or "Documents" is defined No. Absent from legal framework
Proactive disclosure is specified Yes. (1) Information under Section 5 shall be disclosed in a way enabling mass access. This obligation shall not apply to natural persons and municipalities which do not have the status of a city.8) Information under Section 5, paragraph 6 shall be disclosed for a period of at least twelve months, starting on the day the transfer or passage of ownership under Section 5, paragraph 6 took place (Section 6 of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019)

Coverage of public and private sectors

Executive branch Yes. (1) The persons obliged to provide access to information under this Act (hereinafter referred to as the “Obliged persons”) shall be state agencies, municipalities, as well as legal entities and natural persons that have been given the power by law to make decisions on the rights and obligations of natural persons or legal entities in the area of public administration, and that only within the scope of their decision-making power. (2) Legal entities established by law and legal entities established by state agency or municipality under a special law shall also be the obliged persons. (Section 2 of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019)
Legislative branch Yes. (1) The persons obliged to provide access to information under this Act (hereinafter referred to as the “Obliged persons”) shall be state agencies, municipalities, as well as legal entities and natural persons that have been given the power by law to make decisions on the rights and obligations of natural persons or legal entities in the area of public administration, and that only within the scope of their decision-making power. (2) Legal entities established by law and legal entities established by state agency or municipality under a special law shall also be the obliged persons. (Section 2 of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019)
Judicial branch Yes. (1) The persons obliged to provide access to information under this Act (hereinafter referred to as the “Obliged persons”) shall be state agencies, municipalities, as well as legal entities and natural persons that have been given the power by law to make decisions on the rights and obligations of natural persons or legal entities in the area of public administration, and that only within the scope of their decision-making power. (2) Legal entities established by law and legal entities established by state agency or municipality under a special law shall also be the obliged persons. (Section 2 of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019)
Other public bodies Yes. (1) The persons obliged to provide access to information under this Act (hereinafter referred to as the “Obliged persons”) shall be state agencies, municipalities, as well as legal entities and natural persons that have been given the power by law to make decisions on the rights and obligations of natural persons or legal entities in the area of public administration, and that only within the scope of their decision-making power. (2) Legal entities established by law and legal entities established by state agency or municipality under a special law shall also be the obliged persons. (Section 2 of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019)
Private sector No. General (General)

Access to specific documents (subject to reactive and/or proactive disclosure)

Draft legal instruments Yes. The National Council and other administrative bodies are required to publish drafts of their legal instruments. (Section 5 of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019 Articles 9 and 13 of the Legislative Rules of the Slovak Government, 2016, amended 2019)
Enacted legal instruments Yes. The National Council and other administrative bodies are required to disclose enacted acts. All legal acts of general application and international treaties must be published in the Collection of Laws. (Section 5 of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019 Act No. 400/2015 Coll. on Collection of Laws of the Slovak Republic)
Annual budgets Yes. The Ministry of Finance is ordered to publish the State Budget. (Section 6 of the Act No. 523/2004 Coll. on Budget Rules of Public Administration, 2004, amended 2020)
Annual chart of accounts (actual expenditures) No. Absent from legal framework (General)
Annual reports of public entities and programs No. Absent from legal framework (General)

Information access and release

Procedural access

Universal access (agencies, citizens and non-citizens) Yes. (1) An applicant shall mean any natural or legal person making request for access to information. (Section 4 of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019)
Type of request is specified (written, electronic, oral) Yes. Basic guidelines are provided for requesting access to information (Sections 5, 14, and 16 of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019)
Assistance to requesters must be provided by law (includes barriers due to language differences, illiteracy, complexity of requests, etc.) Yes. (3) In the event that the request fails to meet the requirements stipulated in paragraph 2, the obliged person shall invite the applicant without any delay to complete the request within a period of not less than seven days. The obliged person shall instruct the applicant how to complete the request. If the applicant fails to complete the request in spite of the obliged person ́s notice and information cannot be provided due to this imperfection, the obliged person shall set the request aside. (Section 14 of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019 )
Cost of access is specified (free, request fees, photocopying costs, other administrative costs) Yes. Information shall be provided free of charge, with the exception of payments for making copies. (Sections 5 and 21 of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019 )

Deadlines for release of information

20-day response deadline Yes. The official that is legally bound respond to requests shall do so no later than ten days after the request is made. (Section 17 of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019)
Agency granted right to extend response time Yes. The official that is legally bound to respond to requests can extend the deadline for disclosing requested information if there is a serious reason to do so. The extension should not be longer than 10 working days. Public sector bodies can extend the response time by another 20 working days. (Sections 2 & 17 of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019)
Maximum total response time of no more than 40 days Yes. The maximum total response time accounts for twenty working days. (Section 17 of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019)

Exceptions and Overrides

Exemptions to disclosure

Existence of secrecy/states secrets law Yes. Act No. 251/2004 on the protection of classified information (Act No. 214/2004 on the protection of classified information, amended 2018)
Existence of personal privacy/data law Yes. Act No. 18/2018 Coll. on Protection of Personal Data ( Act No. 18/2018 Coll. on Protection of Personal Data)
Specific exemptions to disclosure Yes. There are specific exemptions to the coverage of free access to information. They include information that implicates bank secrets, certain tax secrets, individuals’ personal data, trade secrets, state secrets, confidential third-party disclosures, intellectual property rights, certain environmental information, foreign policy and international agreements, public health or culture, public supervision or inspection, courts’ decision-making process, or officials’ supervisory duties, among others. Exemptions also include: information pertaining to investigations, postal secrecy, telecommunication secrecy, and classified information. (Sections 8 through 11 of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019 )
Public Interest test: Specified exemptions to disclosure may be overridden in cases where disclosure of information benefits the public interest. No. Absent from legal framework (General)

Appeals

Appeals allowed within public entities Yes. The law stipulates the right and procedure for appeals against decisions of administrative authorities. (Section 19 of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019)
Independent, non-judicial appeals mechanism, e.g., information commissioner. Does not include Ombudsman unless appeals decisions are binding. No. Absent from legal framework (General)
Judicial appeals mechanism Yes. A decision rejecting a request for information can be examined in legal proceedings under the Code of Civil Proceedings. (Section 19 of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019)

Sanctions for non-compliance

Administrative sanctions are specified for violations of disclosure requirements Yes. An offense committed against the freedom of information can be sanctioned by banning the relevant activity for up to two years. (Section 42a of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019)
Fines are specified for violations of disclosure requirements Yes. An offense committed against the freedom information can be sanctioned by a fine of up to SKK 50,000. (Section 42a of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019)
Criminal sanctions are specified for violations of disclosure requirements No. Absent from legal framework (General)

Monitoring and Oversight

Information officers must be appointed in public agencies No. Absent from legal framework
Public body that is responsible for applying sanctions Yes. (5) The offences under this Act shall be heard by a district office. (Section 21a of Act 211/2000 on free access to information, 2000, amended 2019)
Public body that is responsible for public outreach (raising public awareness) No. Absent from legal framework (General)
Nodal agency for RTI (implementation support/compliance within public sector). Does not include Ombudsman. No. Absent from legal framework (General)
Ombudsman involvement in implementation is specified by law No. Absent from legal framework (General)
Reporting of data and/or implementation is required No. Absent from legal framework

Legislation

Act No. 211 on Free Access to Information of 2000_SLO (Slovakian)pdf
Act No. 214 on the Protection of Classified Information of 2004_SLO (Slovakian)pdf
Act No. 18 on Personal Data Protection of 2018_SLO (Slovakian)pdf
Legislative Rules of the Slovak Government of 2016_SLO (Slovakian)pdf
Act No. 400 on Collection of Laws of the Slovak Republic of 2015_SLO (Slovakian)pdf
Act. No. 523 on Budget Rules of Public Administration of 2004_SLO (Slovakian)pdf

*Last update: 2017


Public Procurement

The Slovakian public procurement system is regulated primarily by the Public Contracts Act (2011 and 2016). The public procurement body is the Office for Public Procurement which is an organization under the Ministry of Interior.

The lowest minimum thresholds for conducting a public procurement tender are:

▪         EUR 20,000 for goods

▪         EUR 70,000 for works

▪         EUR 20,000 for services

There is no minimum number of bidders in restricted or negotiated procedures. The minimum submission period is 35 days for open procedures, 30 days for restricted procedures and 30 for negotiated procedures from dispatch date. The final beneficial owners have to be disclosed when placing a bid.

There are options for preferential treatment: local companies can be advantaged and sustainability issues can be also considered. Bids can be also excluded because of abnormally low bid prices.

In the bid evaluation phase, there are conflict of interest restrictions on the composition of the evaluation committee. However, no form of independence of  the contracting authority is mandated for the evaluation committee.


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

20122015201620172020Trend
Scope797894
Information availability97979797
Evaluation81818888
Open competition69695375
Institutional arrangements299393100

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Scope

Threshold - lowest PP

What is the minimum contract value above which the public procurement law is applied? (Product type GOODS) EUR 5000. The Public Procurement Act does not apply to a contract whose estimated value is less than EUR 5,000 during a calendar year or during the term of the contract, if the contract is concluded for a period longer than one calendar year. However, as a general rule, the contracting authority must publish within 30 days of the end of the calendar quarter a summary report on contracts with contract values higher than EUR 1,000 concluded during the calendar quarter. The provisions of the Public Procurement Act apply to three types of thresholds: 1. above limits - above EU thresholds; 2. below limits - below EU threholds but above: EUR 70,000 in the case of a contract for the supply of goods other than foodstuffs and a contract for the provision of a service other than those listed in Annex No. 1, i.e. social and special services; b) EUR 260,000 in the case of a service contract listed in Annex No. 1; c) EUR 180,000 in the case of a works contract; and 3. low value contracts - contracts for the supply of goods, services and works whose value falls between "below limits" and EUR 5,000. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 1 (14), 5 and 108-118)
What is the minimum contract value above which the public procurement law is applied? (Product type WORKS) EUR 5000. The Public Procurement Act does not apply to a contract whose estimated value is less than EUR 5,000 during a calendar year or during the term of the contract, if the contract is concluded for a period longer than one calendar year. However, as a general rule, the contracting authority must publish within 30 days of the end of the calendar quarter a summary report on contracts with contract values higher than EUR 1,000 concluded during the calendar quarter. The provisions of the Public Procurement Act apply to three types of thresholds: 1. above limits - above EU thresholds; 2. below limits - below EU threholds but above: EUR 70,000 in the case of a contract for the supply of goods other than foodstuffs and a contract for the provision of a service other than those listed in Annex No. 1, i.e. social and special services; b) EUR 260,000 in the case of a service contract listed in Annex No. 1; c) EUR 180,000 in the case of a works contract; and 3. low value contracts - contracts for the supply of goods, services and works whose value falls between "below limits" and EUR 5,000. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 1 (14), 5 and 108-118)
What is the minimum contract value above which the public procurement law is applied? (Product type SERVICES) EUR 5000. The Public Procurement Act does not apply to a contract whose estimated value is less than EUR 5,000 during a calendar year or during the term of the contract, if the contract is concluded for a period longer than one calendar year. However, as a general rule, the contracting authority must publish within 30 days of the end of the calendar quarter a summary report on contracts with contract values higher than EUR 1,000 concluded during the calendar quarter. The provisions of the Public Procurement Act apply to three types of thresholds: 1. above limits - above EU thresholds; 2. below limits - below EU threholds but above: EUR 70,000 in the case of a contract for the supply of goods other than foodstuffs and a contract for the provision of a service other than those listed in Annex No. 1, i.e. social and special services; b) EUR 260,000 in the case of a service contract listed in Annex No. 1; c) EUR 180,000 in the case of a works contract; and 3. low value contracts - contracts for the supply of goods, services and works whose value falls between "below limits" and EUR 5,000. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 1 (14), 5 and 108-118)

Threshold - by PP type

What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Entity: PUBLIC SECTOR) EUR 5000. The Public Procurement Act does not apply to a contract whose estimated value is less than EUR 5,000 during a calendar year or during the term of the contract, if the contract is concluded for a period longer than one calendar year. However, as a general rule, the contracting authority must publish within 30 days of the end of the calendar quarter a summary report on contracts with contract values higher than EUR 1,000 concluded during the calendar quarter. The provisions of the Public Procurement Act apply to three types of thresholds: 1. above limits - above EU thresholds; 2. below limits - below EU threholds but above: EUR 70,000 in the case of a contract for the supply of goods other than foodstuffs and a contract for the provision of a service other than those listed in Annex No. 1, i.e. social and special services; b) EUR 260,000 in the case of a service contract listed in Annex No. 1; c) EUR 180,000 in the case of a works contract; and 3. low value contracts - contracts for the supply of goods, services and works whose value falls between "below limits" and EUR 5,000. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 1 (14), 5 and 108-118 Decree on financial thresholds for public procurement (428/2019 Coll.))
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Entity: UTILITIES) EUR 70000. The provisions of the Public Procurement Act apply to three types of thresholds: 1. above limits - above EU thresholds; 2. below limits - below EU threholds but above: EUR 70,000 in the case of a contract for the supply of goods other than foodstuffs and a contract for the provision of a service other than those listed in Annex No. 1, i.e. social and special services; b) EUR 260,000 in the case of a service contract listed in Annex No. 1; c) EUR 180,000 in the case of a works contract; and 3. low value contracts - contracts for the supply of goods, services and works whose value falls between "below limits" and EUR 5,000. Concessions, on the other hand, can only be above or below EU thresholds. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 5 (3) (6) (7) (8), 84 and 100 Decree on financial thresholds for public procurement (428/2019 Coll.))
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Entity: DEFENCE) EUR 260000. A sub-threshold contract in the field of defense and security is a contract awarded by a contracting authority whose estimated value falls below EU thresholds but is equal to or higher than: a) EUR 260,000 in the case of a supply contract and a service contract; b) EUR 800,000 in the case of a works contract. If awarding a contract, the estimated value of which is lower than the abovementioned thresholds, the contracting authority shall proceed in such a way that the costs incurred for the subject of the contract are economical. Where the contracting authority has invited several economic operators to submit a tender for the purpose of awarding the contract, it shall ensure that the principles of equal treatment and non-discrimination are complied with. The contracting authority shall keep records of all documents and records for ten years from the conclusion of the contract. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 5 (5) and 139 Decree on financial thresholds for public procurement (428/2019 Coll.))

Threshold - by product type

What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Product type GOODS) EUR 5000. The Public Procurement Act does not apply to a contract whose estimated value is less than EUR 5,000 during a calendar year or during the term of the contract, if the contract is concluded for a period longer than one calendar year. However, as a general rule, the contracting authority must publish within 30 days of the end of the calendar quarter a summary report on contracts with contract values higher than EUR 1,000 concluded during the calendar quarter. The provisions of the Public Procurement Act apply to three types of thresholds: 1. above limits - above EU thresholds; 2. below limits - below EU threholds but above: EUR 70,000 in the case of a contract for the supply of goods other than foodstuffs and a contract for the provision of a service other than those listed in Annex No. 1, i.e. social and special services; b) EUR 260,000 in the case of a service contract listed in Annex No. 1; c) EUR 180,000 in the case of a works contract; and 3. low value contracts - contracts for the supply of goods, services and works whose value falls between "below limits" and EUR 5,000. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 1 (14), 5 and 108-118)
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Product type WORKS) EUR 5000. The Public Procurement Act does not apply to a contract whose estimated value is less than EUR 5,000 during a calendar year or during the term of the contract, if the contract is concluded for a period longer than one calendar year. However, as a general rule, the contracting authority must publish within 30 days of the end of the calendar quarter a summary report on contracts with contract values higher than EUR 1,000 concluded during the calendar quarter. The provisions of the Public Procurement Act apply to three types of thresholds: 1. above limits - above EU thresholds; 2. below limits - below EU threholds but above: EUR 70,000 in the case of a contract for the supply of goods other than foodstuffs and a contract for the provision of a service other than those listed in Annex No. 1, i.e. social and special services; b) EUR 260,000 in the case of a service contract listed in Annex No. 1; c) EUR 180,000 in the case of a works contract; and 3. low value contracts - contracts for the supply of goods, services and works whose value falls between "below limits" and EUR 5,000. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 1 (14), 5 and 108-118)
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Product type SERVICES) EUR 5000. The Public Procurement Act does not apply to a contract whose estimated value is less than EUR 5,000 during a calendar year or during the term of the contract, if the contract is concluded for a period longer than one calendar year. However, as a general rule, the contracting authority must publish within 30 days of the end of the calendar quarter a summary report on contracts with contract values higher than EUR 1,000 concluded during the calendar quarter. The provisions of the Public Procurement Act apply to three types of thresholds: 1. above limits - above EU thresholds; 2. below limits - below EU threholds but above: EUR 70,000 in the case of a contract for the supply of goods other than foodstuffs and a contract for the provision of a service other than those listed in Annex No. 1, i.e. social and special services; b) EUR 260,000 in the case of a service contract listed in Annex No. 1; c) EUR 180,000 in the case of a works contract; and 3. low value contracts - contracts for the supply of goods, services and works whose value falls between "below limits" and EUR 5,000. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 1 (14), 5 and 108-118)

Information availability

Publishing and record keeping

Is there a requirement that tender documents must published in full? Yes. The contracting authority shall publish the documents necessary for the preparation of the tender, the proposal and for proving the fulfillment of the conditions for participation, except for the documents pursuant to § 64 para. 2 , in it buyer's profile and provide unrestricted, full and direct access to them free of charge by electronic means from the date of publication of the contract notice, the notice used as a call for tenders, the call for proposals or the concession notice in the OJEU. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 43 and 64 )
Are any of these documents published online at a central place? Yes. The Public Procurement Office ensures the functioning of contracting authorities' profile, where the documents must be published: https://www.uvo.gov.sk/vyhladavanie-profilov-4db.html. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 148 (3))
Is it mandatory to keep all of these records? -Public notices of bidding opportunities, -Bidding documents and addenda, -Bid opening records, -Bid evaluation reports, -Formal appeals by bidders and outcomes, -Final signed contract documents and addenda and amendments, -Claims and dispute resolutions, -Final payments, -Disbursement data (as required by the country’s financial management system) Yes. The contracting authority must document the entire course of public procurement with emphasis on the reviewability of decisions taken at all stages of public procurement, regardless of the means of communication used. For this purpose, they shall record the complete documentation, which they shall keep for ten years from the date of dispatch of the notice of the result of the public procurement, unless special regulation provides otherwise. They must also keep a copy of the contract, framework agreement or concession contract throughout its duration, and a written justification for the award of the contract, which is not covered by the Public Procurement Act, for a period of ten years from the conclusion of the contract. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 24 (1) (4) and 64 Freedom of Information Act of 2020 (211/2000 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 5a and 5b)
Are contracts awarded within a framework agreement published (ie mini contracts)? Yes. The contracting authority is not obliged to send notices to the publishing office of the result of the public procurement in the case of contracts concluded on the basis of a framework agreement. They shall send to the Office notifications of the outcome of the procurement in the case of contracts concluded on the basis of a framework agreement in bulk for each calendar quarter within 30 days of the end of the calendar quarter. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 26 (5), 64 and 83 Freedom of Information Act of 2020 (211/2000 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 5a)

Sub-contracting

Is it mandatory to publish information on subcontractors (ie names) in some cases? Yes. The contracting authority/entity shall require in the tender documents or in the concession documentation that the successful tenderer shall state in their tender and/or in the contract, framework agreement or concession contract, at the latest at the time of its conclusion, details of all known subcontractors and details of the person authorized to act on behalf of the subcontractor. Tenders and contracts are published on the contracting authority's buyer's profile. If in the beneficial owner register, the identification data is made public on: https://www.uvo.gov.sk/vestnik-a-zoznam-registrov/registre-podnikatelov-/register-konecnych-uzivatelov-vyhod-427.html (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 11, 41 (3) and 64 (1))
If yes, what is the threshold for publication (i.e. the % of total contract value subcontracted)? For example, if the threshold is 75%, and you have subcontracted out only 40% of your contract, no disclosure is required. Consultant will insert 75% in the short answer column. General.

Evaluation

Preferential treatment

Is there a ban on mentioning specific companies or brands in tender specification/call for tender? Yes. The technical requirements may not refer to a specific manufacturer, manufacturing process, trade name, patent, type, region or place of origin or manufacture, if this would disadvantage or exclude certain candidates or goods, unless the subject of the contract so requires. Such reference shall be made only if the subject-matter of the contract cannot be described with sufficient precision and clarity, and such reference shall be accompanied by the words "or equivalent". (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 42 (3))
Is there a preferential treatment for small-to-medium enterprises (SMEs)? No. No but the contracting authority is obliged to clarify why the procurement was not divided into smaller parts (lots), which indirectly hints at allowing/increasing the chances of SMEs submitting a bid. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 28 (2))
Is there a preferential treatment for local/national companies? (companies from other EU MS are considered foreign companies) No. The contracting authority and the contracting authority must comply with the principle of equal treatment, the principle of non-discrimination between economic operators, the principle of transparency, the principle of proportionality and the principles of economy and efficiency. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 10 (2))
Is there a specific set of rules for green/sustainable procurement? Yes. Environmental considerations are taken into account, inter alia, as evaluation criteria and technical condition (an indication of the environmental management measures to be applied by the tenderer or candidate in performance of the contract or concession contract must be included in the documents that prove technical competence). Moreover, in the case of contracts for the supply of motor vehicles of category M1, M2, M3, N1, N2 and N3, above EU thresholds, the contracting authority/entity shall take into account energy and environmental impacts of the operation of vehicles over their lifetime, according to a special regulation in the description of the subject of the contract or in the criteria for evaluation of tenders. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 34 (1) (h), 36, 42 (2), 44 (4) (6) (8), 45, 53 (2) (d), 102 (7) (11) and 131 (1) (g))

Bid evaluation

Are there restrictions on allowable grounds for tenderer exclusion? Yes. The tenderer may be excluded if they do not meet the conditions of participation with regard to "personal status" (e.g. convicted of certain criminal offences, wound-up, subject to insolvency proceedings, tax arrears registered in tax records, grave professional misconduct in last three years, ban on participance in public procurement procedures, was sanctioned in the field of environmental protection, social rights or labor rights). The tenderer must be excluded, if they submit more than one bid alone or with other tenderers. In the field of defense and security, the contracting authority/entity shall exclude a tenderer or candidate for whom it has provable information or data, including those derived from protected sources, that it is not reliable enough to excluded the risks associated with the protection of the security interests of the Slovak Republic. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 32)
Are some bids automatically excluded? e.g., lowest/highest price; unusually low price, etc. Yes. The contracting authority/entity shall exclude the bid if: a) the tenderer did not follow the specified method of communication; b) the contents of the bid cannot be made available; or c) the tenderer did not submit the bid in the required coding format if it is necessary for further processing in the evaluation of tenders; d) the bidder has not lodged a security in accordance with the conditions laid down; e) the bidder does not meet the requirements for the subject of the contract or concession specified in the documents necessary for the preparation of the tender; f) the bidder does not provide a written explanation of a tender considered abnormally low in price/value within set timelines; g) the explanation of the tender submitted by the tenderer to justify an abnormally low tender does not comply with set requirements; h) the tenderer does not provide a written justification for the abnormally low tender within five working days from the date of receipt of the application, unless the commission has set a longer deadline; i) the explanation provided by the tenderer of the abnormally low tender and the evidence do not sufficiently justify the low level of prices or costs; j) the tenderer has provided false information or misleading information with a significant effect on the evaluation of tenders; k) the tenderer has tried to unduly influence the procurement procedure. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 49 (4) and 53)
Is scoring criteria published? Yes. The contracting authority/entity shall specify for each of the criteria, in addition to other specified criteria, the relative weight given to each item, which can be expressed by determining the interval with the relevant maximum range. The relative weight will be stated in: a) in the contract notice, the tender dossier, the invitation to tender, or in the information document; b) in the notice used as a call for competition, the call for confirmation of renewed interest, the invitation to tender, in the invitation to negotiation or in the tender documents. If, for demonstrable reasons, the relative weight of the individual criteria cannot be determined, the contracting authority/entity shall list them in descending order of importance. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 44 (9) (10) (11))
Are decisions always made by a committee? Yes. The contracting authority and contracting entity are obliged to set up a commission of at least three members to evaluate the tenders. The members of the commission must have a professional education or professional experience corresponding to the subject of the contract or concession. The contracting authority and the contracting entity are entitled to process documents to the extent necessary for this purpose. The Commission shall be competent to evaluate the tenders submitted if a majority of its members are present at the same time. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 51 (1))
Are there regulations on evaluation committee composition to prevent conflict of interest? Yes. A member of the commission may not be a person who is or was, one year before their appointment as a member of the commission: a) a tenderer, who is a natural person; b) a statutory body, member of the statutory body, member of the supervisory body or another body of the tenderer, who is a legal person; c) a partner or member of a legal person who is a tenderer or a silent partner of the tenderer; d) an employee of the tenderer, or an employee of an interest association of entrepreneurs of which the applicant is a member. A person may not be a member of the commission either when they are: a) a person close to family member of persons referred to above; and b) a person who may raise doubts about their impartiality in relation to the tenderer or a possible tenderer, especially if it is the person who participated in the preparation of a bid of the tenderer or a possible tenderer or a person to which a benefit or harm may arise in connection with the result of the tender. More broadly, there is a general provision on prevention of conflicts of interest. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 23 and 51 (4) (5))
Is some part of evaluation committee mandatorily independent of contracting authority? No. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 51)
Are scoring results publicly available? Yes. The commission shall draw up minutes of the evaluation of tenders, which shall be signed by the members of the commission present. The minutes shall contain, inter alia, the order of the tenderers and the identification of the successful tenderer or tenderers, stating the reasons for the success of the tender or tenders. These minutes of the evalution shall be published in the contracting authority/entity's profile alongside the tenders of all bidders delivered within the deadline for submission of tenders and other relevant documents. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 53 (9) and 64 (1) (b))
Does the law specify under which conditions the tender can be cancelled? Yes. The tender can be cancelled if: a) no tenderer or candidate fulfilled the conditions for participation in the public procurement and the tenderer or candidate has not filed objections within the period stipulated under the Procurement Act; b) no offer was received; c) none of the submitted tenders meet the requirements pursuant to § 42 or § 45 and the tenderer has not filed any objections within the time limit pursuant to this Act; d) its cancellation was ordered by the Office. Additionally, the contracting authority/entity may cancel a public contract or part thereof if: e) the circumstances in which the contract was awarded have changed; f) during the procurement procedure there are grounds worthy of special consideration for which the contracting authority/entity cannot be required to continued with public procurement, such as a violation of the Public Procurement Act or something which could have a significant impact on the result of public procurement; g) no more than two tenders were submitted or if the proposed prices in the submitted tenders are higher than expected. If only one tender has been submitted and the contracting authority/entity has not canceled the public procurement or part of it, they must publish in the profile the justification why the procurement was not cancelled. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 57 (1) (2))

Open competition

CFT publication

Does the law specify the location for publicizing open calls for tenders? Yes. Information system for public procurements (Informačný systém elektronického verejného obstarávania, "EVO"): https://evo.gov.sk and OJEU/TED (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 26, 65 (2) and 148 )
Does the law specify the location for publicizing restricted calls for tenders? Yes. Information system for public procurements (Informačný systém elektronického verejného obstarávania, "EVO"): https://evo.gov.sk and OJEU/TED (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 26, 65 (2) and 148 )
Does the law specify the location for publicizing negotiated calls for tenders? Yes. Information system for public procurements (Informačný systém elektronického verejného obstarávania, "EVO"): https://evo.gov.sk and OJEU/TED (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 26, 65 (2) and 148 )

Minimum # of bidders

What is the minimum number of bidders for restricted procedures? General. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 67 (1))
What is the minimum number of bidders for negotiated procedures? General. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 71 (1))
What is the minimum number of bidders for competitive dialogue procedures? General. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 73 (3))

Bidding period length

What are the minimum number of days for open procedures? General. A standard minimum number of days is 35, but it can be only 15 in urgent cases or if the tender documentaion was already published before the procurement procedure, 30 when the bids are required only in electronical way, 40 if the tender documentation is not accesible on the internet. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 66 (2))
What are the minimum number of days for restricted procedures? General. A standard minimum number of days is 30, but it can be only 10 in urgent cases or if the tender documentaion was already published before the procurement procedure, 25 when the bids are required only in electronical way, 35 if the tender documentation is not accesible on the internet (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 69 (1))
What are the minimum number of days  for competitive negotiated procedures? General. A standard minimum number of days is 30, but it can be only 10 in urgent cases or if the tender documentaion was already published before the procurement procedure, 25 when the bids are required only in electronical way, 35 if the tender documentation is not accesible on the internet (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 72 (4))

Institutional arrangements

Institutions and regulations

Does the law specify the main EXCEPTIONS preventing the application of the public procurement law for tenders/organisations? Yes. Main exceptions include contracts: 1. in the performance of which special security measures must be applied or in which the protection of the basic security interests of the Slovak Republic is necessary; 2. that involve arbitration and concilitation proceedings; 3. concernig acquisition/lease/tenancy of real property; 4. concerning research and development services; 5. employment contracts; 6. awarded in accordance with a special procedure or in accordance with the rules of an international organization; 7. for civil protection and hazard prevention services; 8. the subject of which are financial services related to the issue, sale, purchase or transfer of securities; 9. aimed at providing a communication network, broadcasting time or production material; 10. for the provision of legal services, loan/credit, political campaign services or services of sworn experts and translators; 11. involving railway/personal/air transportation and messenger services; 12. specified defence and security services, particularly in relation to intelligence. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 1)
Does the law specify the main types of institutions that must apply the public procurement law? Yes. A contracting authority for the purposes of the Public Procurement Act is: a) The Slovak Republic, represented by its authorities; b) the village (municipality); c) higher territorial unit; d) a legal person established or set up for the specific purpose of meeting needs in the general interest, not having an industrial character or a commercial character, and who meets the following requirements: 1) is financed, in whole or in part, by the contracting authority; 2) is controlled by the contracting authority; or c) the contracting authority appoint or elect more than half of the members of its management body or supervisory body; e) an association of legal persons whose members are exclusively the contracting authorities abovementioned. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 7-9)
Does the law specify the main procedure types or procurement methods permitted? Yes. The main "above limits" (above EU thresholds) procedures are: Open procedure; Restricted procedure; Negotiated procedure with publication; Competitive dialogue; Innovation partnership; Negotiated procedure. Additionally, simplified procedures apply to "below limits/sub-limits" and low value contracts. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 29 and 108-118)
Is there a procurement arbitration court dedicated to public procurement cases? Yes. Public Procurement Office (http://uvo.gov.sk/). However, objections may not be lodged against: a) sub-threshold contracts in which the contracting authority or a person has proceeded in accordance with §§ 109 to 111; b) procedure according to § 117; c) sub-limit concessions; d) the award of contracts in the field of defense and security, if the estimated value of the contract is equal to or less than EUR 260,000. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 163-165 and 170 (4) (7))
Is there a procurement regulatory body dedicated to public procurement? Yes. Public Procurement Office (http://uvo.gov.sk/) (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 140 and 147)
Does the law specify procurement advisors' profession (i.e. degree to be obtained, official list of members of the professional association) and its role in the tendering process (e.g. right to draft tender documentations, conduct market research identifying bidders)? Yes. The members of the commission must have a professional education or professional experience corresponding to the subject of the contract or concession; the contracting authority and the contracting authority are entitled to process documents to the extent necessary for this purpose. The Commission shall be competent to evaluate the tenders submitted if a majority of its members are present at the same time. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 51 (1))
Is disclosure of final, beneficial owners required for placing a bid? Yes. The contracting authority/entity may not conclude a contract, concession contract or framework agreement with a tenderer who is obliged to register in the register of public sector partners, or whose subcontractors are obliged to register in the register of public sector partners but has/have not done so. This prohibition does not apply to a framework agreement concluded exclusively with two or more tenderers who are natural persons for the provision of services with a contracting authority/entity and to a contract, framework agreement and concession contract concluded for the protection of life and health in times of emergency. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 11)

Complaints

Is there a fee for arbitration procedure? Yes. The amount of the deposit for objections is 0.1% of the estimated value of the contract or concession, but not less than EUR 2,000 and not more than: a) EUR 10,000 in the case of objections against the notice of intent to award the contract or concession contract, the conditions set out in the contract notice, the notice used as a call for competition, the concession notice, the notice of invitation to tender and the call for tenders for the below-threshold contract, the conditions specified in other documents necessary for the preparation of the request to participate or against the proposal provided to the auditee; b) EUR 50,000 in the case of objections other than those referred to in point (a). If the contract or concession is divided into lots and the objections relate to only one lot or only some of the lots, the deposit shall be determined from the estimated value of that lot or lots. The total amount of the deposit for all lots may not exceed EUR 50,000. For this purpose, the maximum amount of the deposit for one lot shall be determined as a percentage of the estimated value of the relevant part of the estimated value. If the estimated value of the contract or concession or part thereof is not disclosed, or the amount of the deposit cannot be determined for other objective reasons, the amount of the deposit shall be EUR 2,000. Additional deposits/fee apply in case of an appeal is lodged against the Public Procurement Office's decision. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 172 (2) and 177 (8))
Is there a ban on contract signature until arbitration court decision (first instance court)? No.
What is the maximum number of days until arbitration court decision from filing a complaint in the case of awarded contracts? General. In proceedings on the review of the actions of the inspected, which begins on the basis of objections or delivery of the notice of initiation of the proceedings to the inspected, the Office shall decide within 30 days from the date of delivery of the complete documentation. In the proceedings for the review of the acts of the inspected, which begins with the delivery of the complaint pursuant to § 169 para. 2 , the Office shall decide within 45 days from the delivery of the complaint. (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, §§ 173 (2) (8) and 175 (5))
Is there a requirement to publicly release arbitration court decisions ? Yes. The Public Procurement Office shall continuosly publish all their decisions on its website: https://www.uvo.gov.sk/verejny-obstaravatel-obstaravatel/namietky/prehlad-rozhodnuti-o-namietkach-5a7.html (Public Procurement Act of 2015 (343/2015 Coll.), as amended in 2020, § 147 let. i))

Legislation

Act of 18 November 2015 on Public Procurement and on Amendments to Certain Acts (343/2015 Coll.) (Slovak)pdf
Decree on financial thresholds for public procurement (428/2019 Coll.) (Slovak)pdf
Freedom of Information Act (211/2000 Coll.) (Slovak)pdf

*Last update: 2017