EUROPAM

European Public Accountability Mechanisms

Serbia

Country score (European Average*)
  • 83(67) Political Financing
  • 89(50) Financial Disclosure
  • 76(41) Conflict of Interest
  • 80(56) Freedom of Information
  • 79(65) Public Procurement

Country Facts

IncomeUpper middle
GNI per capita (2011 PPP $)12,800
Population, total7,098,247
Urban population (% of total)55.6
Internet users (per 100 people)53.5
Life expectancy at birth (years)75.0
Mean years of schooling (years)10.5
Global Competitiveness Index3.9
Sources: World Bank, UNDP, WEF.

Political Financing

The Law on Financing Political Parties Kosovo (2010, amended 2012 & 2013) and the Law on Financing Political Activities (2011) are the main laws regulating the financing of political parties in Serbia. 

There are a number of limits on the private income of political parties. There are bans on donations from foreign interests, trade unions and anonymous donations. Corporate donations are only banned where the corporation is under partial government ownership. There are also limits on the amount that may be donated to political parties and candidates both during and outside of election period. 

There is public funding available for political parties which is allocated according to the share of votes attained in the previous election, the representation in the elected body and the participation in the election. There is free and equal subsidized access to the media and there are provisions to encourage gender equality among candidates. 

For regulations on spending, there are bans on vote buying and on the use of some state resources being used in favour or against a political party or candidate. There are no limits on what a party or candidate can spend. 

Parties are required to keep annual accounts which must be made public. These must reveal finances in relation to election campaigns and must reveal the identity of donors. Accounts are overseen by the Anti-corruption Agency. There are sanctions for those breaching the provisions of the law. They include fines, the loss of public funding and imprisonment. 


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

201220152016Trend
Bans and limits on private income949494
Public funding758888
Regulations on spending505050
Reporting, oversight and sanctions100100100

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Bans and limits on private income

Bans on donations from foreign interests

Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties? Yes. Foreign states, natural and leagal persons are banned from making contributions to political subjects (Article 12 , Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates? Yes. Foreign states, natural and leagal persons are banned from making contributions to political subjects (Article 12 , Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))

Bans on corporate donations

Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties? No. All contributions must be channeled through the nominating political party (Article 9 , Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates? No. All contributions must be channeled through the nominating political party (Article 9 , Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties? Yes. Ban applies to donations from corporations with most types of public contracts (Article 12 , Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Is there a ban on donations from corporations of partial government ownership to political parties? Yes. Ban applies to donations from corporations with most types of public contracts (Article 12 , Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates? Yes. Financing of political entity by a natural person or legal entity engaged in activities of general interest pursuant to contract with organs of the Republic of Serbia, autonomous province and local government and public services founded by them is prohibited throughout the validity of such contract and for a period of two years subsequent to termination of contractual relations. (Article 12 , Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Is there a ban on donations from corporations of partial government ownership to candidates? Yes. It is prohibited to finance political entity by companies and entrepreneurs engaged in services of general interest, institutions and companies with state capital share, other organizations discharging administrative authority; (Article 12 , Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))

Bans on donations from trade unions

Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties? Yes. It is prohibited to finance political entity by trade unions (Article 12 , Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates? Yes. It is prohibited to finance political entity by trade unions (Article 12 , Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))

Bans on anonymous donations

Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties? Yes. It is prohibited to finance political entity by anonymous donors (Article 12 , Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates? Yes. It is prohibited to finance political entity by anonymous donors (Article 12 , Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))

Other bans on donations

Is there a ban on state resources being given to or received by political parties or candidates (excluding regulated public funding)? Yes. It is prohibited to finance political entity by companies and entrepreneurs engaged in services of general interest, institutions and companies with state capital share, other organizations discharging administrative authority; (Article 12 , Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Is there a ban on any other form of donation? Yes. Financing of a political entity by an endowment and foundation is prohibited (Article 12 , Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))

Donation limits

Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party over a time period (not election specific)? Yes. Maximum value of donation on at annual level that a natural person may give to political entities for regular work shall not exceed 20 average monthly salaries. Maximum value of donation at annual level that a legal entity may give to political entities for regular work shall not exceed 200 average monthly salaries (Article 10 , Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party in relation to an election? Yes. The limit is 20 average monthly salaries per year by a physical person and 200 average montly salaries by a legal entity regardless of a number of elections held within a year. (Article 22 , Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate? Yes. The limit is 20 average monthly salaries per year by a physical person and 200 average montly salaries by a legal entity regardless of a number of elections held within a year. (Article 22 , Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))

Public funding 

Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties

Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of votes in previous election Yes. The number of votes of a political entity taken as basis for allocation of funds is calculated by multiplying the number of votes of all voters up to 5% of valid votes with a quotient of 1.5, and the number of votes over 5% of valid votes of all voters with a coefficient of 1. (Article 17, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Representation in elected body Yes. Funds from public sources appropriated for financing of regular work of political entities whose candidates have been elected members of parliament, deputies and/or /councillors are set at the level of 0.105% of the budget of the Republic of Serbia, tax revenues of the budget of the autonomous province, or tax revenues of the budget of the local government. (Article 16, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Participation in election Yes. Funds from public sources for covering election campaign costs are allocated in the year of regular elections in the amount of 0.07% of the Republic of Serbia budgetary expenditure, of the autonomous province budgetary expenditure and/or of the local government budgetary expenditure for the budget year (Articles 20 and 21, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Number of candidates No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of seats in previous election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of votes in next election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Registration as a political party No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of seats in next election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Number of members No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Other No. Absent from legal framework

Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties

Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Proportional to votes received Yes. Funds allocated as flat rate by votes received, though the number of votes up to 5% of valid votes is multiplied with a quotient of 1.5, and the number of votes over 5% of valid votes of all voters with a coefficient of 1. (Article 17, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Equal No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Proportional to seats received Yes. The funds referred to in Article 16 of this Law shall be distributed to political entities that won seats in representative bodies in proportion to the number of votes calculated in the manner provided for in paragraph 2 of this article. (Article 17, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Flat rate by votes received No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Share of expenses reimbursed No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Proportional to candidates fielded No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Number of members No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Other No. Absent from legal framework

Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties

Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Campaign spending No. Absent from legal framework
Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Ongoing party activities Yes. The funds for financing regular operation of political entities are used for financing costs of election campaign, in accordance with this Law. (Article 19, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Intra-party institution No. Absent from legal framework
Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Other Yes. The funds for financing regular operation of political entities are used for the operation and promotion the idea of a political entity and include: work with voters and members, the cost of transportation and maintenance meetings, the costs of promotion, advertising materials and publications, the cost of the public opinion polls, training, international cooperation, the cost of wages and salaries of employees, utility costs, as well as the cost for similar activities. (Article 19, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))

Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties

Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Equal Yes. Free and equal representation of political parties, coalitions, and candidates that have verified electoral registers for the republic, provincial, or local elections during campaigning; (Article 7.8, Law on Public Service Broadcasting (2014))
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Number of candidates No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Share of seats No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Share of votes in preceding election No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Other No. Absent from legal framework
Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates? Yes. Free and equal representation of political parties, coalitions, and candidates that have verified electoral registers for the republic, provincial, or local elections during campaigning; (Article 7.8, Law on Public Service Broadcasting (2014))

Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?

Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Premises for campaign meetings No. Absent from legal framework
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Space for campaign materials No. Absent from legal framework
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Tax relief No. Absent from legal framework
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Free or subsidised transport No. Absent from legal framework
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Free or subsidised postage cost No. Absent from legal framework
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Other Yes. Organs of the Republic of Serbia, autonomous province and local government, as well as other organizations founded by them shall more specifically regulate granting of services and goods referred in paragraph 1 of this article (art. 6). (Article 6, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? Yes. Indirect provision - The election Law demands that parties have at least one third of candidates of each gender. Parties not complying could not participate election processes at all and consequently cannot obtain state funding. ( Article 40a, Law on the Elections of Deputies (2000, last amended 2011))
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No. Absent from legal framework

Regulations on spending 

Is there a ban on vote buying? Yes. Punishment is 3 years in prison, or 5 in case of elections committee member (Article 156, Criminal Code (2005, amended 2014); Articles 104 and 106, Law on the Elections of Deputies (2000, last amended 2011);)
Are there bans on state resources being used in favour or against a political party or candidate? Yes. It is obligatory to grant services and goods from public entities under equal terms. State media also has to provide free and equal representation of political parties. (Article 7.8, Law on Public Service Broadcasting (2014); Article 6 , Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend? No. Absent from legal framework
Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend? No. Absent from legal framework

Reporting, oversight and sanctions 

Reporting standards

Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances? Yes. Political entities which have representatives in elected bodies and registered political parties are required to submit to the Agency an annual financial report and the report on contributions and assets, with prior obtained the opinion of an authorized auditor licensed in accordance with the regulations on accounting and auditing, to 15 April of the current year for the previous year. (Article 28, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Do political parties have to report on their finances in relation to election campaigns? Yes. Political party participating in the election campaign, he shall submit a report on the costs election campaign, within 30 days of the announcement of final election results. to submit to the Agency an annual financial report and the report on contributions and assets, with prior obtained the opinion of an authorized auditor licensed in accordance with the regulations on accounting and auditing, to 15 April of the current year for the previous year. (Article 29, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Do candidates have to report on their campaign finances? Yes. Political entities which have representatives in elected bodies and registered political parties are required to submit to the Agency an annual financial report and the report on contributions and assets, with prior obtained the opinion of an authorized auditor licensed in accordance with the regulations on accounting and auditing, to 15 April of the current year for the previous year. (Article 29, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Is information in reports from political parties and/​or candidates to be made public? Yes. The annual financial report is published on the website of the Agency. (Article 29, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Must reports from political parties and/​or candidates reveal the identity of donors? Yes. The report on election campaign costs contains information on origin, amount and structure of raised and spent funds from public and private sources. (Article 29, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Electoral Management Board No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Auditing agency No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Ministry No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Special institution Yes. Anti-corruption Agency (Article 27, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Court No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Other No. Absent from legal framework

Political finance oversight

Is it specified that a particular institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/​or investigating violations?
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Court No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Ministry No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Auditing agency Yes. After examination of the financial reports of the political subject, the Anti-corruption Agency can request State Audit Institution to audit the financial reports. (Article 34, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Electoral Management Body No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Institution for this purpose No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Other Yes. After examination of the financial reports of the political subject, the Anti-corruption Agency can request State Audit Institution to audit the financial reports. (Article 34, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Other institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Court No. Absent from legal framework (Chapter V (Articles 27-34, )Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Ministry No. Absent from legal framework (Chapter V (Articles 27-34, )Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Auditing agency Yes. The Agency may, after conducting control of financial reports of a political entity, forward a request to the State Audit Institution to audit these reports, in accordance with the law governing competencies of the State Audit Institution (Article 34, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: EMB No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Institution for this purpose No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Other No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Fines Yes. 200,000 to 2,000,000 RSD depending on misdemeanor (Articles 39 and 40, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of public funding Yes. In case of conviction for a criminal offence specified in article 38 hereof or if a political party or responsible person of a political entity is fined for misdemeanour specified in article 39 hereof, the political entity shall lose the right to funds from public sources dedicated for financing of the political entity (Article 42, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014) )
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Penal/Criminal Yes. Whoever gives, and/or provides for and on behalf of the political entity, funds for financing of the political entity contrary to the provisions of this Law with intent to conceal the source of financing or amount of collected funds of the political entity, shall be punished with imprisonment from three months to three years. (Article 38, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014) )
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Forfeiture No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Deregistration of party No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of elected office No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Suspension of political party No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of nomination of candidate No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of political rights No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Other Yes. The suspension of the transfer of funds from public source (Articles 42 and 43, Law on Financing Political Activities (2011, amended 2014))

Qualitative data for 2016


Legislation

Law on Financing Political Activities, 2011, amended 2014 (Serbian)pdf
Law on Public Service Broadcasting, 2014 (English)pdf
Law on the Elections of Members of Parliament, 2000, amended 2011 (English)pdf
Criminal Code, 2005, amended 2014missing file:

Financial Disclosure

The Serbian Anti-Corruption Agency Act (2008, last amended 2015) sets down all of the regulations governing financial disclosure, which apply to all public officials. Thus, the Head of State, Ministers, Members of Parliament and Civil Servants must disclose real estate, movable assets, cash, debts, and gifts they receive. Additionally, the source and amount of outside income, and shares in private or public companies must be disclosed. Government contracts are to be disclosed only if the public official holds over 20% of shares in the enterprise. Any private interests which may affect decision-making must be included in disclosure statements. All public officials continue to submit financial interest declarations for two years after ending tenure. Spouses and underage children are to be included in the disclosure. 

All public officials submit their statements upon first taking and leaving office, and make annual updates given any changes have occurred. Submitting late declarations is punishable with a fine, while failing to make a declaration or making false disclosure statements may lead to imprisonment from six months to five years. All public officials make their declarations with the Anti-Corruption Agency. This agency is also responsible for verifying the accuracy of submissions, and enforcing possible sanctions. In addition, the Anti-Corruption Agency publishes all disclosure statements on its homepage. Only car registration number, bank and bank account number and the address of physical property are not included in this publication. 


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

201220152016Trend
Disclosure items939393
Filing frequency757575
Sanctions100100100
Monitoring and Oversight100100100
Public access to declarations1007575

Alternative Metric

201220152016Trend
Head of State948989
Ministers948989
Members of Parliament948989
Civil servants948989

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Head of State

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure Yes. An official is required to report his/her income and property and property of the spouse and under-age children (Article 43, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report concerning property and income, including property rights on real estate at home and abroad; (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Movable assets Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report concerning property and income, including property rights on movable property subject to registration with the relevant authorities in the Republic of Serbia and abroad (motor vehicles, vessels, aircraft, weapons et al),; property rights on and movables of high value (valuables, art collections et al); rights deriving from copyright, patent and similar intellectual property rights. (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Cash Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report concerning property and income, including deposits in banks and other financial organisations, at home and abroad (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Loans and Debts Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes debts (principal, interest and repayment period) and receivables. (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes source and amount of income from discharge of public office, or public functions; source and amount of other net incomes; (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official Yes. An official is obliged to report any gift received in connection with discharge of the public office to the state or other body, organisation or public service wherein he holds public office. (Articles 40 and 41, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes shares and stocks in legal entities and other securities. (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes shares and stocks in legal entities and other securities. (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Holding government contracts Yes. Public officials have to disclose within 3 days if a company of which they own a share greater than 20% participates in a procedure that would end with the signing of a government contract. (Article 36, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm No. An official whose public office demands full time work or permanent engagement may not hold management, supervisory or representation office in a private capital company, private institution or other private legal entity. Hence, an official cannot report such activity. (Articles 30, 33, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Post-employment Yes. The official whose public office has ceased is required to file annually the Report on significant changes relative to data from the previous Report over a period of two years following termination of public office. (Article 44, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes other public functions, jobs or activities discharged in accordance with law and special regulations; (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. On taking the office and during discharge of public office, the official shall notify in writing his superior and the Agency within eight days regarding any doubts concerning his conflict of interest or an associated person's conflict of interest. (Article 32, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector No. Absent from legal framework.

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. Report must be filed within 30 days of taking the office (Article 43, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. Report must be filed within 30 days of leaving the office (Article 43, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Filing required annually No. Only when significant changes of the property reported in the previous report occur. Changes are considered significant if their value exceeds average annual net income in the Republic of Serbia. (Articles 43, 44, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest Yes. On taking the office and during discharge of public office, the official shall notify in writing his superior and the Agency within eight days regarding any doubts concerning his conflict of interest or an associated person's conflict of interest. (Article 32, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. For the late report filing an official can be fined with 50,000 to 150,000 RSD (Article 74, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Non-filing report of property is punishable with imprisonment from six month to five years. (Article 72, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Providing false information on property is punishable with imprisonment from six month to five years. (Article, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency keeps a register of officials and their property and income, a list of entities where officials own more than 20% of shares, and a catalogue of gifts. (Articles 5 and 68, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency institutes proceedings and pronounces measures for violation of the Law, and rules on conflict of interest (Article 5, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency verifies the submissions of officials in cooperation with the state bodies where they serve. (Article 43, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency checks due filing of Report and accuracy and completeness of information. (Article 48, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. The catalogue of gifts and information on the salary and the public functions of officials is public. (Articles 41 and 47, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Timing of information release specified Yes. The catalogue of gifts will be published by 1 June for the previous year. (Article 41, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Location(s) of access specified Yes. Public information will be posted on the Anti-Corruption Agency's web site. (Article 47, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Cost of access specified No. Absent from legal framework.

Ministers

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure Yes. An official is required to report his/her income and property and property of the spouse and under-age children (Article 43, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report concerning property and income, including property rights on real estate at home and abroad; (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Movable assets Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report concerning property and income, including property rights on movable property subject to registration with the relevant authorities in the Republic of Serbia and abroad (motor vehicles, vessels, aircraft, weapons et al),; property rights on and movables of high value (valuables, art collections et al); rights deriving from copyright, patent and similar intellectual property rights. (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Cash Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report concerning property and income, including deposits in banks and other financial organisations, at home and abroad (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Loans and Debts Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes debts (principal, interest and repayment period) and receivables. (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes source and amount of income from discharge of public office, or public functions; source and amount of other net incomes; (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official Yes. An official is obliged to report any gift received in connection with discharge of the public office to the state or other body, organisation or public service wherein he holds public office. (Articles 40 and 41, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes shares and stocks in legal entities and other securities. (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes shares and stocks in legal entities and other securities. (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Holding government contracts Yes. Public officials have to disclose within 3 days if a company of which they own a share greater than 20% participates in a procedure that would end with the signing of a government contract. (Article 36, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm No. Absent from legal framework.
Post-employment Yes. The official whose public office has ceased is required to file annually the Report on significant changes relative to data from the previous Report over a period of two years following termination of public office. (Article 44, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes other public functions, jobs or activities discharged in accordance with law and special regulations; (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. On taking the office and during discharge of public office, the official shall notify in writing his superior and the Agency within eight days regarding any doubts concerning his conflict of interest or an associated person's conflict of interest. (Article 32, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector No. Absent from legal framework.

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. Report must be filed within 30 days of taking the office (Article 43, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. Report must be filed within 30 days of leaving the office (Article 43, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Filing required annually No. Only when significant changes of the property reported in the previous report occur. Changes are considered significant if their value exceeds average annual net income in the Republic of Serbia. (Articles 43, 44, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest Yes. On taking the office and during discharge of public office, the official shall notify in writing his superior and the Agency within eight days regarding any doubts concerning his conflict of interest or an associated person's conflict of interest. (Article 32, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. For the late report filing an official can be fined with 50,000 to 150,000 RSD (Article 74, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Non-filing report of property is punishable with imprisonment from six month to five years. (Article 72, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Providing false information on property is punishable with imprisonment from six month to five years. (Article, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency keeps a register of officials and their property and income, a list of entities where officials own more than 20% of shares, and a catalogue of gifts. (Articles 5 and 68, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency institutes proceedings and pronounces measures for violation of the Law, and rules on conflict of interest (Article 5, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency verifies the submissions of officials in cooperation with the state bodies where they serve. (Article 43, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency checks due filing of Report and accuracy and completeness of information. (Article 48, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. The catalogue of gifts and information on the salary and the public functions of officials is public. (Articles 41 and 47, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Timing of information release specified Yes. The catalogue of gifts will be published by 1 June for the previous year. (Article 41, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Location(s) of access specified Yes. 0
Cost of access specified No. Absent from legal framework.

Members of Parliament

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure Yes. An official is required to report his/her income and property and property of the spouse and under-age children (Article 43, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report concerning property and income, including property rights on real estate at home and abroad; (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Movable assets Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report concerning property and income, including property rights on movable property subject to registration with the relevant authorities in the Republic of Serbia and abroad (motor vehicles, vessels, aircraft, weapons et al),; property rights on and movables of high value (valuables, art collections et al); rights deriving from copyright, patent and similar intellectual property rights. (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Cash Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report concerning property and income, including deposits in banks and other financial organisations, at home and abroad (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Loans and Debts Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes debts (principal, interest and repayment period) and receivables. (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes source and amount of income from discharge of public office, or public functions; source and amount of other net incomes; (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official Yes. An official is obliged to report any gift received in connection with discharge of the public office to the state or other body, organisation or public service wherein he holds public office. (Articles 40 and 41, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes shares and stocks in legal entities and other securities. (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes shares and stocks in legal entities and other securities. (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Holding government contracts Yes. Public officials have to disclose within 3 days if a company of which they own a share greater than 20% participates in a procedure that would end with the signing of a government contract. (Article 36, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm No. Absent from legal framework.
Post-employment Yes. The official whose public office has ceased is required to file annually the Report on significant changes relative to data from the previous Report over a period of two years following termination of public office. (Article 44, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes other public functions, jobs or activities discharged in accordance with law and special regulations; (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. On taking the office and during discharge of public office, the official shall notify in writing his superior and the Agency within eight days regarding any doubts concerning his conflict of interest or an associated person's conflict of interest. (Article 32, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector No. Absent from legal framework.

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. Report must be filed within 30 days of taking the office (Article 43, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. Report must be filed within 30 days of leaving the office (Article 43, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Filing required annually No. Only when significant changes of the property reported in the previous report occur. Changes are considered significant if their value exceeds average annual net income in the Republic of Serbia. (Articles 43, 44, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest Yes. On taking the office and during discharge of public office, the official shall notify in writing his superior and the Agency within eight days regarding any doubts concerning his conflict of interest or an associated person's conflict of interest. (Article 32, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. For the late report filing an official can be fined with 50,000 to 150,000 RSD (Article 74, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Non-filing report of property is punishable with imprisonment from six month to five years. (Article 72, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Providing false information on property is punishable with imprisonment from six month to five years. (Article, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency keeps a register of officials and their property and income, a list of entities where officials own more than 20% of shares, and a catalogue of gifts. (Articles 5 and 68, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency institutes proceedings and pronounces measures for violation of the Law, and rules on conflict of interest (Article 5, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency verifies the submissions of officials in cooperation with the state bodies where they serve. (Article 43, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency checks due filing of Report and accuracy and completeness of information. (Article 48, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. The catalogue of gifts and information on the salary and the public functions of officials is public. (Articles 41 and 47, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Timing of information release specified Yes. The catalogue of gifts will be published by 1 June for the previous year. (Article 41, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Location(s) of access specified Yes. 0
Cost of access specified No. Absent from legal framework.

Civil servants

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure Yes. An official is required to report his/her income and property and property of the spouse and under-age children (Article 43, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report concerning property and income, including property rights on real estate at home and abroad; (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Movable assets Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report concerning property and income, including property rights on movable property subject to registration with the relevant authorities in the Republic of Serbia and abroad (motor vehicles, vessels, aircraft, weapons et al),; property rights on and movables of high value (valuables, art collections et al); rights deriving from copyright, patent and similar intellectual property rights. (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Cash Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report concerning property and income, including deposits in banks and other financial organisations, at home and abroad (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Loans and Debts Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes debts (principal, interest and repayment period) and receivables. (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes source and amount of income from discharge of public office, or public functions; source and amount of other net incomes; (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official Yes. An official is obliged to report any gift received in connection with discharge of the public office to the state or other body, organisation or public service wherein he holds public office. (Articles 40 and 41, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes shares and stocks in legal entities and other securities. (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes shares and stocks in legal entities and other securities. (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Holding government contracts Yes. Public officials have to disclose within 3 days if a company of which they own a share greater than 20% participates in a procedure that would end with the signing of a government contract. (Article 36, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm No. Absent from legal framework.
Post-employment Yes. The official whose public office has ceased is required to file annually the Report on significant changes relative to data from the previous Report over a period of two years following termination of public office. (Article 44, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. Public officials are obliged to submit a disclosure report that includes other public functions, jobs or activities discharged in accordance with law and special regulations; (Article 46, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. On taking the office and during discharge of public office, the official shall notify in writing his superior and the Agency within eight days regarding any doubts concerning his conflict of interest or an associated person's conflict of interest. (Article 32, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector No. Absent from legal framework.

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. Report must be filed within 30 days of taking the office (Article 43, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. Report must be filed within 30 days of leaving the office (Article 43, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Filing required annually No. Only when significant changes of the property reported in the previous report occur. Changes are considered significant if their value exceeds average annual net income in the Republic of Serbia. (Articles 43, 44, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest Yes. On taking the office and during discharge of public office, the official shall notify in writing his superior and the Agency within eight days regarding any doubts concerning his conflict of interest or an associated person's conflict of interest. (Article 32, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. For the late report filing an official can be fined with 50,000 to 150,000 RSD (Article 74, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Non-filing report of property is punishable with imprisonment from six month to five years. (Article 72, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Providing false information on property is punishable with imprisonment from six month to five years. (Article, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency keeps a register of officials and their property and income, a list of entities where officials own more than 20% of shares, and a catalogue of gifts. (Articles 5 and 68, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency institutes proceedings and pronounces measures for violation of the Law, and rules on conflict of interest (Article 5, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency verifies the submissions of officials in cooperation with the state bodies where they serve. (Article 43, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency checks due filing of Report and accuracy and completeness of information. (Article 48, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. The catalogue of gifts and information on the salary and the public functions of officials is public. (Articles 41 and 47, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Timing of information release specified Yes. The catalogue of gifts will be published by 1 June for the previous year. (Article 41, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Location(s) of access specified Yes. Public information will be posted on the Anti-Corruption Agency's web site. (Article 47, Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Cost of access specified No. Absent from legal framework.

Qualitative data for 2016


Legislation

Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015 (Serbian)pdf

Conflict of Interest

For all Serbian public officials, the Anti-Corruption Agency Act (2008, amended in 2010) lays down that conflicts of interests must generally be avoided. Additionally, the Constitution (2006) prevents the Head of State from performing any other professional duty. For Ministers, Members of Parliament and Civil Servants accepting gifts or following additional employment in the private sector is not allowed. This would include the ownership of private and public enterprises, board membership, or privately playing part in performing government contracts. All public officials are prevented from pursuing employment with an organization they cooperated with in their functions in the two years after ending tenure. Only for the Head of State and Ministers is it specified that they may not use public office to bring about personal benefits for themselves or associated persons. 

Violation of the laws governing conflicts of interests can lead to a fine from RSD 50,000 to 150,000, as well as possible expulsion from office. These sanctions apply to all public officials. All the while, no monitoring or enforcement body is specified for the Head of State. Meanwhile, the Anti-Corruption Agency is charged with providing guidance and enforcing sanctions for Ministers, MPs, and Civil Servants. 


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

201220152016Trend
Restrictions858585
Sanctions676767
Monitoring and Oversight387575

Alternative Metric

201220152016Trend
Head of State695252
Ministers698686
Members of Parliament668282
Civil servants498282

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Head of State

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest Yes. An official shall discharge the duties of public office in a manner that shall not subordinate the public interest to private interests. An official shall observe the regulations concerning his rights and duties and shall secure and foster and maintain the trust of citizens concerning his conscientious and responsible discharge of public office. An official shall avoid creating of relations of dependency towards persons that may influence his impartiality in discharge of public office and if such relation cannot be avoided or already exists he shall undertake everything that is necessary to protect the public interest. An official must not use public office to acquire any benefit or advantage for himself or any associated person. (Article 27 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Accepting gifts Yes. An official may not accept gifts in connection with discharge of a public office, except for protocol or other appropriate gifts, however, even in such cases the gift may not be in money or securities. An official is required to hand over the protocol gift to the body competent to manage property in public ownership, unless the value of the gift does not exceed 5% of the value of the average net salary in the Republic of Serbia. An official may not retain an appropriate gift whose value exceeds 5% of the average monthly net salary in the Republic of Serbia and/or appropriate gifts received during a calendar year whose aggregate value exceeds one average net salary in the Republic of Serbia. (Article 39 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. The President of the Republic may not perform another public function or professional duty. (Article 115 of the Constitution (2006))
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. The President of the Republic may not perform another public function or professional duty. (Article 115 of the Constitution (2006))
Holding government contracts Yes. The President of the Republic may not perform another public function or professional duty. (Article 115 of the Constitution (2006))
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. The President of the Republic may not perform another public function or professional duty. (Article 115 of the Constitution (2006))
Post-employment Yes. During the period of two years after termination of the public office, the official whose office has ceased may not take employment or establish business cooperation with a legal entity, entrepreneur or international organisation engaged in activity relating to the office the official held, except under approval of the Agency. (Article 38 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. The President of the Republic may not perform another public function or professional duty. (Article 115 of the Constitution (2006))
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from legal framework.
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector Yes. An official must not use public office to acquire any benefit or advantage for himself or any associated person. (Article 27 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. An official shall be fined from 50,000 to 150,000 RSD for the following offences: accepting of another public office, using public resources in the promotion of political parties, performing of an additional job or activity contrary to the Law, holding a function or management rights in a commercial company, belonging to the body of an association without the approval of the Agency, unauthorized accepting of a reward or gift, or influencing an associated person to receive a gift. (Articles 55-74 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. Measures that may be pronounced against an official due to a violation of this Act are caution and public announcement of recommendation for dismissal (Articles 51-74 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework.

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) No. Absent from legal framework.
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) No. Absent from legal framework.

Ministers

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest Yes. An official shall discharge the duties of public office in a manner that shall not subordinate the public interest to private interests. An official shall observe the regulations concerning his rights and duties and shall secure and foster and maintain the trust of citizens concerning his conscientious and responsible discharge of public office. An official shall avoid creating of relations of dependency towards persons that may influence his impartiality in discharge of public office and if such relation cannot be avoided or already exists he shall undertake everything that is necessary to protect the public interest. An official must not use public office to acquire any benefit or advantage for himself or any associated person. (Article 27 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Accepting gifts Yes. An official may not accept gifts in connection with discharge of a public office, except for protocol or other appropriate gifts, however, even in such cases the gift may not be in money or securities. An official is required to hand over the protocol gift to the body competent to manage property in public ownership, unless the value of the gift does not exceed 5% of the value of the average net salary in the Republic of Serbia. An official may not retain an appropriate gift whose value exceeds 5% of the average monthly net salary in the Republic of Serbia and/or appropriate gifts received during a calendar year whose aggregate value exceeds one average net salary in the Republic of Serbia. (Article 39 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. An official may not perform other jobs or engagements during his tenure in public office that require full-time working hours or full-time employment. As an exception, an official may engage in research, educational, cultural, humanitarian and sports activities without Agency approval if by doing so he does not compromise efficient and impartial discharge and dignity of public office. An official is required to report incomes from these activities to the Agency During tenure of public office an official whose public office requires full time work or permanent engagement may not establish a commercial company or public service, nor commence engagement in private occupation, in terms of the law governing entrepreneurship an official shall transfer his managing rights in any commercial company to a legal entity or natural person who is not an associated person, which rights shall be discharged by such legal entity or natural person on behalf of the official until termination of his term in office (Articles 30-33-35 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. An official may not perform other jobs or engagements during his tenure in public office that require full-time working hours or full-time employment. As an exception, an official may engage in research, educational, cultural, humanitarian and sports activities without Agency approval if by doing so he does not compromise efficient and impartial discharge and dignity of public office. An official is required to report incomes from these activities to the Agency During tenure of public office an official whose public office requires full time work or permanent engagement may not establish a commercial company or public service, nor commence engagement in private occupation, in terms of the law governing entrepreneurship an official shall transfer his managing rights in any commercial company to a legal entity or natural person who is not an associated person, which rights shall be discharged by such legal entity or natural person on behalf of the official until termination of his term in office (Articles 30-33-35 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Holding government contracts Yes. A legal entity in which an official owns more than 20% shares or stock that is taking part in privatization, public procurement or other procedure whose outcome is conclusion of contract with an organ of the Republic, territorial autonomy, local government, other budget spending unit and/or other legal entity founded by an organ of the Republic, territorial autonomy or local government or a legal entity wherein more than 20% of the capital is in public ownership is obliged to accordingly notify the Agency within three days from the day of undertaking the first actions in the procedure, as well as on the final outcome of the procedure within three days of learning of its conclusion. The Agency shall keep records of the legal entities. (Article 36 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. An official may not perform other jobs or engagements during his tenure in public office that require full-time working hours or full-time employment. As an exception, an official may engage in research, educational, cultural, humanitarian and sports activities without Agency approval if by doing so he does not compromise efficient and impartial discharge and dignity of public office. An official is required to report incomes from these activities to the Agency During tenure of public office an official whose public office requires full time work or permanent engagement may not establish a commercial company or public service, nor commence engagement in private occupation, in terms of the law governing entrepreneurship an official shall transfer his managing rights in any commercial company to a legal entity or natural person who is not an associated person, which rights shall be discharged by such legal entity or natural person on behalf of the official until termination of his term in office (Articles 30-33-35 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Post-employment Yes. During the period of two years after termination of the public office, the official whose office has ceased may not take employment or establish business cooperation with a legal entity, entrepreneur or international organisation engaged in activity relating to the office the official held, except under approval of the Agency. (Article 38 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. Member of the Government may not be a deputy in the National Assembly, deputy in the Assembly of the autonomous province and representative in the Assembly of the local self-government units, nor may he or she be a member of the executive council of the autonomous province or executive body of the local self-government unit. An official may hold only one public office unless obligated by law or other regulation to discharge several public functions. As an exception to paragraph 1 of this Article an official may hold other public office with approval of the Agency. An official elected to public office directly by citizens may, without seeking approval from the Agency, hold other public offices to which he/she is elected directly by citizens, except in cases of incompatibility determined by the Constitution. (Article 126 of the Constitution (2006) Article 28 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from legal framework.
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector Yes. An official must not use public office to acquire any benefit or advantage for himself or any associated person. (Article 27 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. An official shall be fined from 50,000 to 150,000 RSD for the following offences: accepting of another public office, using public resources in the promotion of political parties, performing of an additional job or activity contrary to the Law, holding a function or management rights in a commercial company, belonging to the body of an association without the approval of the Agency, unauthorized accepting of a reward or gift, or influencing an associated person to receive a gift. (Articles 55-74 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. Measures that may be pronounced against an official due to a violation of this Act are caution and public announcement of recommendation for dismissal (Articles 51-74 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework.

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency shall supervise implementation of the Strategy, Action Plan and sectoral action plans. The Agency may take part in the preparation and/or prepare corruption-related training programmes in state bodies and organizations, territorial autonomy and local government bodies, public services and other legal entities. The Agency shall keep the following records: Registry of public officials; Registry of Property; list of legal entities in which an official owns a share or stock in excess of 20%; catalogue of gifts; annual financial statements of political parties. (Article 62-64-68 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) Yes. The procedure to establish whether there is a violation of this Act and order measures pursuant to this Act shall be initiated by the Anti-Corruption Agency (Article 50 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)

Members of Parliament

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest Yes. An official shall discharge the duties of public office in a manner that shall not subordinate the public interest to private interests. An official shall observe the regulations concerning his rights and duties and shall secure and foster and maintain the trust of citizens concerning his conscientious and responsible discharge of public office. An official shall avoid creating of relations of dependency towards persons that may influence his impartiality in discharge of public office and if such relation cannot be avoided or already exists he shall undertake everything that is necessary to protect the public interest. An official must not use public office to acquire any benefit or advantage for himself or any associated person. (Article 27 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Accepting gifts Yes. An official may not accept gifts in connection with discharge of a public office, except for protocol or other appropriate gifts, however, even in such cases the gift may not be in money or securities. An official is required to hand over the protocol gift to the body competent to manage property in public ownership, unless the value of the gift does not exceed 5% of the value of the average net salary in the Republic of Serbia. An official may not retain an appropriate gift whose value exceeds 5% of the average monthly net salary in the Republic of Serbia and/or appropriate gifts received during a calendar year whose aggregate value exceeds one average net salary in the Republic of Serbia. (Article 39 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. An official may not perform other jobs or engagements during his tenure in public office that require full-time working hours or full-time employment. As an exception, an official may engage in research, educational, cultural, humanitarian and sports activities without Agency approval if by doing so he does not compromise efficient and impartial discharge and dignity of public office. An official is required to report incomes from these activities to the Agency During tenure of public office an official whose public office requires full time work or permanent engagement may not establish a commercial company or public service, nor commence engagement in private occupation, in terms of the law governing entrepreneurship an official shall transfer his managing rights in any commercial company to a legal entity or natural person who is not an associated person, which rights shall be discharged by such legal entity or natural person on behalf of the official until termination of his term in office (Articles 30-33-35 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. An official may not perform other jobs or engagements during his tenure in public office that require full-time working hours or full-time employment. As an exception, an official may engage in research, educational, cultural, humanitarian and sports activities without Agency approval if by doing so he does not compromise efficient and impartial discharge and dignity of public office. An official is required to report incomes from these activities to the Agency During tenure of public office an official whose public office requires full time work or permanent engagement may not establish a commercial company or public service, nor commence engagement in private occupation, in terms of the law governing entrepreneurship an official shall transfer his managing rights in any commercial company to a legal entity or natural person who is not an associated person, which rights shall be discharged by such legal entity or natural person on behalf of the official until termination of his term in office (Articles 30-33-35 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Holding government contracts Yes. A legal entity in which an official owns more than 20% shares or stock that is taking part in privatization, public procurement or other procedure whose outcome is conclusion of contract with an organ of the Republic, territorial autonomy, local government, other budget spending unit and/or other legal entity founded by an organ of the Republic, territorial autonomy or local government or a legal entity wherein more than 20% of the capital is in public ownership is obliged to accordingly notify the Agency within three days from the day of undertaking the first actions in the procedure, as well as on the final outcome of the procedure within three days of learning of its conclusion. The Agency shall keep records of the legal entities. (Article 36 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. An official may not perform other jobs or engagements during his tenure in public office that require full-time working hours or full-time employment. As an exception, an official may engage in research, educational, cultural, humanitarian and sports activities without Agency approval if by doing so he does not compromise efficient and impartial discharge and dignity of public office. An official is required to report incomes from these activities to the Agency During tenure of public office an official whose public office requires full time work or permanent engagement may not establish a commercial company or public service, nor commence engagement in private occupation, in terms of the law governing entrepreneurship an official shall transfer his managing rights in any commercial company to a legal entity or natural person who is not an associated person, which rights shall be discharged by such legal entity or natural person on behalf of the official until termination of his term in office (Articles 30-33-35 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Post-employment Yes. During the period of two years after termination of the public office, the official whose office has ceased may not take employment or establish business cooperation with a legal entity, entrepreneur or international organisation engaged in activity relating to the office the official held, except under approval of the Agency. (Article 38 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. Deputy may not be a deputy in the Assembly of the autonomous province, nor an official in bodies of executive government and judiciary, nor may he or she perform other functions, affairs and duties, which represent a conflict of interest, according to the Law. An official may hold only one public office unless obligated by law or other regulation to discharge several public functions. As an exception to paragraph 1 of this Article an official may hold other public office with approval of the Agency. An official elected to public office directly by citizens may, without seeking approval from the Agency, hold other public offices to which he/she is elected directly by citizens, except in cases of incompatibility determined by the Constitution. (Article 102 of the Constitution (2006) Article 28 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from legal framework.
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector No. Absent from legal framework.

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. An official shall be fined from 50,000 to 150,000 RSD for the following offences: accepting of another public office, using public resources in the promotion of political parties, performing of an additional job or activity contrary to the Law, holding a function or management rights in a commercial company, belonging to the body of an association without the approval of the Agency, unauthorized accepting of a reward or gift, or influencing an associated person to receive a gift. (Articles 55-74 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. Measures that may be pronounced against an official due to a violation of this Act are caution and public announcement of recommendation for dismissal (Articles 51-74 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework.

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency shall supervise implementation of the Strategy, Action Plan and sectoral action plans. The Agency may take part in the preparation and/or prepare corruption-related training programmes in state bodies and organizations, territorial autonomy and local government bodies, public services and other legal entities. The Agency shall keep the following records: Registry of public officials; Registry of Property; list of legal entities in which an official owns a share or stock in excess of 20%; catalogue of gifts; annual financial statements of political parties. (Article 62-64-68 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) Yes. The procedure to establish whether there is a violation of this Act and order measures pursuant to this Act shall be initiated by the Anti-Corruption Agency (Article 50 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)

Civil servants

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest Yes. An official shall discharge the duties of public office in a manner that shall not subordinate the public interest to private interests. An official shall observe the regulations concerning his rights and duties and shall secure and foster and maintain the trust of citizens concerning his conscientious and responsible discharge of public office. An official shall avoid creating of relations of dependency towards persons that may influence his impartiality in discharge of public office and if such relation cannot be avoided or already exists he shall undertake everything that is necessary to protect the public interest. An official must not use public office to acquire any benefit or advantage for himself or any associated person. In carrying out his/her duty, a civil servant must not accept a gift, or any other favour or other benefit for him-/herself or other persons, except a protocol or appropriate gift of small value subject to the legislation regulating the prevention of conflict of interest in discharge of public office. (Article 27 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015 Article 7 of the Civil Servants Code of Conduct (2008))
Accepting gifts Yes. An official may not accept gifts in connection with discharge of a public office, except for protocol or other appropriate gifts, however, even in such cases the gift may not be in money or securities. An official is required to hand over the protocol gift to the body competent to manage property in public ownership, unless the value of the gift does not exceed 5% of the value of the average net salary in the Republic of Serbia. An official may not retain an appropriate gift whose value exceeds 5% of the average monthly net salary in the Republic of Serbia and/or appropriate gifts received during a calendar year whose aggregate value exceeds one average net salary in the Republic of Serbia. A civil servant shall not accept gifts in connection with the performance of their duties, except protocol or other appropriate gifts of small value, or any service or other benefit for himself or other persons. (Article 9 of the Civil Servants Code of Conduct (2008) Article 25 of the Law on Public Servants (2005, amended in 2014) Article 39 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. An official may not perform other jobs or engagements during his tenure in public office that require full-time working hours or full-time employment. As an exception, an official may engage in research, educational, cultural, humanitarian and sports activities without Agency approval if by doing so he does not compromise efficient and impartial discharge and dignity of public office. An official is required to report incomes from these activities to the Agency During tenure of public office an official whose public office requires full time work or permanent engagement may not establish a commercial company or public service, nor commence engagement in private occupation, in terms of the law governing entrepreneurship A civil servant shall not establish a company, public service, or engage in entrepreneurship. On the transfer of management rights in a commercial entity to another person, the regulations governing the prevention of conflicts of interest in exercising public functions. A civil servant shall not be a director, deputy or assistant director of a legal person, a member of the management board, supervisory board or another governing body of the legal entity can be only if it is appointed by the Government or other state authority. During tenure of public office an official whose public office requires full time work or permanent engagement may not establish a commercial company or public service, nor commence engagement in private occupation, in terms of the law governing entrepreneurship. (Articles 30-33 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015 Article 28-29 of the Law on Public Servants (2005, amended in 2014) Article 33 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. A legal entity in which an official owns more than 20% shares or stock that is taking part in privatization, public procurement or other procedure whose outcome is conclusion of contract with an organ of the Republic, territorial autonomy, local government, other budget spending unit and/or other legal entity founded by an organ of the Republic, territorial autonomy or local government or a legal entity wherein more than 20% of the capital is in public ownership is obliged to accordingly notify the Agency within three days from the day of undertaking the first actions in the procedure, as well as on the final outcome of the procedure within three days of learning of its conclusion. The Agency shall keep records of the legal entities. (Article 36 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Holding government contracts Yes. A legal entity in which an official owns more than 20% shares or stock that is taking part in privatization, public procurement or other procedure whose outcome is conclusion of contract with an organ of the Republic, territorial autonomy, local government, other budget spending unit and/or other legal entity founded by an organ of the Republic, territorial autonomy or local government or a legal entity wherein more than 20% of the capital is in public ownership is obliged to accordingly notify the Agency within three days from the day of undertaking the first actions in the procedure, as well as on the final outcome of the procedure within three days of learning of its conclusion. The Agency shall keep records of the legal entities. (Article 36 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. An official may not perform other jobs or engagements during his tenure in public office that require full-time working hours or full-time employment. As an exception, an official may engage in research, educational, cultural, humanitarian and sports activities without Agency approval if by doing so he does not compromise efficient and impartial discharge and dignity of public office. An official is required to report incomes from these activities to the Agency During tenure of public office an official whose public office requires full time work or permanent engagement may not establish a commercial company or public service, nor commence engagement in private occupation, in terms of the law governing entrepreneurship A civil servant shall not establish a company, public service, or engage in entrepreneurship. On the transfer of management rights in a commercial entity to another person, the regulations governing the prevention of conflicts of interest in exercising public functions. A civil servant shall not be a director, deputy or assistant director of a legal person, a member of the management board, supervisory board or another governing body of the legal entity can be only if it is appointed by the Government or other state authority. During tenure of public office an official whose public office requires full time work or permanent engagement may not establish a commercial company or public service, nor commence engagement in private occupation, in terms of the law governing entrepreneurship. (Articles 30-33 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015 Article 28-29 of the Law on Public Servants (2005, amended in 2014) Article 33 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Post-employment Yes. During the period of two years after termination of the public office, the official whose office has ceased may not take employment or establish business cooperation with a legal entity, entrepreneur or international organisation engaged in activity relating to the office the official held, except under approval of the Agency. (Article 38 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. An official may hold only one public office unless obligated by law or other regulation to discharge several public functions. As an exception to paragraph 1 of this Article an official may hold other public office with approval of the Agency. An official elected to public office directly by citizens may, without seeking approval from the Agency, hold other public offices to which he/she is elected directly by citizens, except in cases of incompatibility determined by the Constitution. (Articles 28 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from legal framework.
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector No. Absent from legal framework.

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. For serious violations of duties from employment (acceptance of gifts in connection with the performance of tasks by the provisions of this Law, receive services or benefits for themselves or another person or use of labor in the state authority to influence the exercise of their rights or the rights of persons associated with the civil servant) may be imposed: 1) a fine of 20% to 30% of salary for full-time, paid for the month in which the fine imposed for up to six months; 2) determine the next lower salary grade; 3) prohibition of promotion of four years; 4) transfer to the workplace in the next lower rank while retaining the salary grade whose ordinal number of the same ordinal number of salary grade in which there is the position from which he was transferred; 5) termination of employment. Fines are always executed administratively. (Article 110 of the Law on Public Servants (2005, amended in 2014))
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. Measures that may be pronounced against an official due to a violation of this Act are caution and public announcement of recommendation for dismissal. For serious violations of duties from employment (acceptance of gifts in connection with the performance of tasks by the provisions of this Law, receive services or benefits for themselves or another person or use of labor in the state authority to influence the exercise of their rights or the rights of persons associated with the civil servant) may be imposed: 1) a fine of 20% to 30% of salary for full-time, paid for the month in which the fine imposed for up to six months; 2) determine the next lower salary grade; 3) prohibition of promotion of four years; 4) transfer to the workplace in the next lower rank while retaining the salary grade whose ordinal number of the same ordinal number of salary grade in which there is the position from which he was transferred; 5) termination of employment. Fines are always executed administratively. (Article 51 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015 Article 110 of the Law on Public Servants (2005, amended in 2014))
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework.

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) Yes. The Anti-Corruption Agency shall supervise implementation of the Strategy, Action Plan and sectoral action plans. The Agency may take part in the preparation and/or prepare corruption-related training programmes in state bodies and organizations, territorial autonomy and local government bodies, public services and other legal entities. The Agency shall keep the following records: Registry of public officials; Registry of Property; list of legal entities in which an official owns a share or stock in excess of 20%; catalogue of gifts; annual financial statements of political parties. (Article 62-64-68 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) Yes. The procedure to establish whether there is a violation of this Act and order measures pursuant to this Act shall be initiated by the Anti-Corruption Agency (Article 50 of the Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015)

Qualitative data for 2016


Legislation

Anti-Corruption Agency Act, 2008, amended 2015 (Serbian)pdf
Civil Servants Code of Conduct, 2008 (English)pdf
Constitution, 2006 (English)pdf
Law on Public Servants, 2005, amended 2014 (English)pdf

Freedom of Information

Serbia's FOI framework derives from both its Constitution (2006) and from the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance (2004, amended 2010). The FOI law applies to central government bodies, territorial autonomy bodies, local self-government bodies or organizations vested with public powers, and a legal entity founded by or funded by a government body.

Specific exemptions to disclosure are outlined in the aforementioned FOI law, Law on Secrecy of Data (2009), and Law on the Protection of Personal Data (2008). However, there is a public interest test whereby exemptions to disclosure may be overridden in cases where the public interest outweighs the prohibition on disclosure. 

Appeals may be filed with public authorities and with the courts. An applicant may also lodge a complaint with the Commissioner for Information of Public Importance.

Monetary fines may be imposed on individuals for the failure to provide information. While the implementation process is supervised by the Ministry responsible for administrative affairs, the Commissioner monitors compliance, reports to the public and the National Assembly, makes motions to draft or amend regulations, proposes measures to improve operations, and trains employees of government bodies. 


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

201220152016Trend
Scope and Coverage828282
Information access and release100100100
Exceptions and Overrides100100100
Sanctions for non-compliance333333
Monitoring and Oversight838383

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Scope and Coverage

Scope of disclosure

Existence of legal right to access Yes. Everyone shall have the right to access information kept by state bodies and organizations with delegated public powers, in accordance with the law. (Article 51 Constitution of the Republic of Serbia, 2006)
"Information" or "Documents" is defined Yes. Information of public importance, within the meaning of this Law, is information held by a public authority body, created during or relating to the operation of a public authority body, which is contained in a document and concerns anything the public has a justified interest to know. For information to be considered information of public importance, it shall be irrelevant whether the source of information is a public authority or another person, which medium carries the document containing the information (paper, tape, film, electronic media, etc.), on which date the information was created or in which way the information was obtained, nor shall any other similar properties of such information bear any relevance for this purpose. (Article 2 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )
Proactive disclosure is specified No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Coverage of public and private sectors

Executive branch Yes. A public authority body within the meaning of this Law (hereinafter referred to as public authority) shall mean: 1) A central government body, a territorial autonomy body, a local self-government body or an organization vested with public powers (hereinafter referred to as government body); 2) A legal entity founded by or fully or predominantly funded by a government body. (Article 3 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )
Legislative branch Yes. A public authority body within the meaning of this Law (hereinafter referred to as public authority) shall mean: 1) A central government body, a territorial autonomy body, a local self-government body or an organization vested with public powers (hereinafter referred to as government body); 2) A legal entity founded by or fully or predominantly funded by a government body. (Article 3 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )
Judicial branch Yes. A public authority body within the meaning of this Law (hereinafter referred to as public authority) shall mean: 1) A central government body, a territorial autonomy body, a local self-government body or an organization vested with public powers (hereinafter referred to as government body); 2) A legal entity founded by or fully or predominantly funded by a government body. (Article 3 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )
Other public bodies Yes. A public authority body within the meaning of this Law (hereinafter referred to as public authority) shall mean: 1) A central government body, a territorial autonomy body, a local self-government body or an organization vested with public powers (hereinafter referred to as government body); 2) A legal entity founded by or fully or predominantly funded by a government body. (Article 3 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )
Private sector No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Access to specific documents (subject to reactive and/or proactive disclosure)

Draft legal instruments Yes. The Government work shall be public. The Government shall be obliged to enable public insight into its work, according to a law governing free access to information of public importance and the Government Rules of Procedure. (Article 9 of the Law on Government, 2005)
Enacted legal instruments Yes. The Government work shall be public. The Government shall be obliged to enable public insight into its work, according to a law governing free access to information of public importance and the Government Rules of Procedure. The President of the Republic is obliged to issue a decree on promulgation of the laws. (Article 9 of the Law on Government, 2005 Article 113 of the Constitution of the Republic of Serbia, 2006)
Annual budgets Yes. Information of public importance, within the meaning of this Law, is information held by a public authority body, created during or relating to the operation of a public authority body, which is contained in a document and concerns anything the public has a justified interest to know. The state body is required to publicize information on its budget at least once a year. (Articles 2, 5, 39 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )
Annual chart of accounts (actual expenditures) Yes. Information of public importance, within the meaning of this Law, is information held by a public authority body, created during or relating to the operation of a public authority body, which is contained in a document and concerns anything the public has a justified interest to know. State bodies are required at least once a year to publicize information on their budget. (Articles 2, 5, 39 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )
Annual reports of public entities and programs Yes. Information of public importance, within the meaning of this Law, is information held by a public authority body, created during or relating to the operation of a public authority body, which is contained in a document and concerns anything the public has a justified interest to know. State bodies are required to publicize information about their services. (Articles 2, 5, 39 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )

Information access and release

Procedural access

Universal access (agencies, citizens and non-citizens) Yes. Everyone shall be able to exercise the rights in this Law under equal conditions, regardless of their nationality, temporary or permanent residence or place of establishment, or any personal characteristic such as race, religion, national or ethnic background, gender, etc. (Article 6 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )
Type of request is specified (written, electronic, oral) Yes. An applicant shall submit a request in writing to a public authority to exercise the right to access information of public importance (hereinafter referred to as request). A public authority shall also have the duty to grant an applicant access to information where a request for information is made verbally and entered in relevant records, it being understood that such requests shall be entered in special records and relevant time limits shall apply accordingly as if the request were submitted in writing. A public authority may prescribe a sample request form, but it shall nevertheless have to duty to take into consideration all requests not filed on such form. (Article 15 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )
Assistance to requesters must be provided by law (includes barriers due to language differences, illiteracy, complexity of requests, etc.) Yes. If a request does not contain the details set out in paragraph 2 of this Article, i.e. if a request is deficient, the authorized person of the public authority shall have a duty to instruct the applicant free of charge on ways to rectify the deficiencies in the request, i.e. he/she shall instruct the applicant to complement the request. (Article 15 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )
Cost of access is specified (free, request fees, photocopying costs, other administrative costs) Yes. Access to a document containing requested information shall be granted free of charge. A copy of a document containing requested information shall be issued against reimbursement by the applicant of the necessary costs of reproduction, while if such copy is sent to the applicant, he/she shall also be required to reimburse any costs associated with such sending. The government shall pass a list of reimbursable expenses on the basis of which public authorities shall calculate the costs referred to in the foregoing paragraph. (Article 17 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )

Deadlines for release of information

20-day response deadline Yes. A public authority shall, without delay, and within 15 days of receipt of a request at the latest, inform an applicant whether it holds the requested information, grant him/her access to the document containing the requested information or issue or send to the applicant a copy of the document, as the case may be. A copy of a document shall be deemed to be sent to an applicant sent on the day it leaves the office of the public authority from which the information was requested. (Article 16 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )
Agency granted right to extend response time Yes. If a public authority is justifiably prevented from informing an applicant within the deadline referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article that it holds the information, from granting him/her access to a document containing the sought information and from issuing and/or sending him/her a copy of the document, the public authority shall, within seven days of receipt of the request at the latest, inform the applicant thereof and set another deadline, which shall not be longer than 40 days of receipt of the request, within which it shall inform the applicant that it holds the information, grant him/her access to the document containing the requested information or issue or send to the applicant a copy of the document, as the case may be. (Article 16 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )
Maximum total response time of no more than 40 days Yes. General (Article 16 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )

Exceptions and Overrides

Exemptions to disclosure

Existence of secrecy/states secrets law Yes. Law on Secrecy of Data, 2009 (Law on Secrecy of Data, 2009)
Existence of personal privacy/data law Yes. Law on the Protection of Personal Data, 2008 (Law on the Protection of Personal Data, 2008)
Specific exemptions to disclosure Yes. General exemptions include limitations that may be “necessary in a democratic society . . . to prevent a serious violation of an overriding interest . . . “ or which may infringe privacy rights. More specific exemptions to coverage are provided in Article 9 and Article 10, including information whose disclosure may imperil a criminal investigation; risk someone’s personal health,safety, or privacy; endanger national defense or security; undermine the government’s ability to manage the economy; and harm state, official, or business secrets. . Provisions exempt personal data, as well as information that implicates the nation’s territorial integrity, sovereignty, constitutional order, human rights, national security, defense, and foreign affairs. (Articles 8, 9, 10, 13, and 14 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 Article 8 of the Law on the Protection of Personal Data, 2008 Article 2(1-3) of the Law on Secrecy of Data, 2009)
Public Interest test: Specified exemptions to disclosure may be overridden in cases where disclosure of information benefits the public interest.

Appeals

Appeals allowed within public entities Yes. Certain relevant provisions of the Law on General Administrative Procedure regulate the procedure of a public authority. (Article 21 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 Articles 12 and 214 of the Law on General Administrative Procedure, 2001)
Independent, non-judicial appeals mechanism, e.g., information commissioner. Does not include Ombudsman unless appeals decisions are binding. Yes. An applicant may lodge a complaint with the Commissioner for Information of Public Importance. (Articles 16, 22, 23 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )
Judicial appeals mechanism Yes. The Commissioner’s decisions and conclusions may be appealed in courts through an administrative dispute mechanism. (Article 27 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 Articles 12 and 214 of the Law on General Administrative Procedure, 2001)

Sanctions for non-compliance

Administrative sanctions are specified for violations of disclosure requirements No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Fines are specified for violations of disclosure requirements Yes. Monetary fines range from 5,000 to 50,000 dinars for authorized persons in public authorities for the failure to provide the information. (Articles 46, 47 and 48 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )
Criminal sanctions are specified for violations of disclosure requirements No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Monitoring and Oversight

Information officers must be appointed in public agencies Yes. A public entity can designate one or more official persons to respond to requests for information. The article further stipulates the roles and responsibilities of the authorized person(s) and protects official employees who allow access to information that is related to the existence of corruption, officials overstepping their authority, irrational disposal of public assets, or unlawful acts by officials. (Article 38 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )
Public body that is responsible for applying sanctions Yes. Commissioner for Information of Public Importance (Article 28 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )
Public body that is responsible for public outreach (raising public awareness) Yes. Commissioner for Information of Public Importance (Article 35 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )
Nodal agency for RTI (implementation support/compliance within public sector). Does not include Ombudsman. Yes. The Commissioner shall: 1) Monitor compliance of public authorities with the duties provided for in this Law and report to the public and the National Assembly thereof; 2) Make motions to draft or amend regulations for the purpose of implementation and promotion of the right to access information of public importance; 3) Propose to public authorities measures to be taken to improve their operations governed by this Law; 4) Take necessary measures to train employees of government bodies and to advise them on their duties regarding the rights to access information of public importance, with a view to ensuring effective implementation of this Law; The implementation of this Law of shall be supervised by the Ministry responsible for administrative affairs. Inspection enforcement of this Law shall be performed by the ministry responsible for administrative affairs, through its administrative inspectorate. (Articles 35 and 45 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )
Ombudsman involvement in implementation is specified by law No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Reporting of data and/or implementation is required Yes. A state body authorized person shall submit an annual report to the Commissioner on the activities of the body undertaken with the aim of implementing this Law, which shall contain the following data: 1) Number of submitted requests, number of wholly or partly approved requests and the number of rejected or dismissed requests; 2) Number and content of the complaints against the decisions to reject or dismiss a request; 3) Total sum of fees charged for the exercise of the right to access information of public importance; 4) Measures taken with regard to the obligation to publish a directory; 5) Measures taken with regard to maintaining information mediums; 6) Measures taken with regard to staff training.” (Articles 43 of the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 )

Qualitative data for 2016


Legislation

Constitution of the Republic of Serbia, 2006 (English)pdf
Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance, 2004, amended 2010 (Serbian)pdf
Law on Government, 2005 (English)pdf
Law on Secrecy of Data, 2009 (English)pdf
Law on the Protection of Personal Data, 2008, amended 2012 (English)pdf
Law on General Administrative Procedure, 2001 (Serbian)pdf

Public Procurement

The Serbian public procurement system is regulated by the Law on Public Procurement (2013), and several additional regulations. The public procurement body is the Public Procurement Advisory Unit which is an organization under the Ministry of Employment and Economy.

The lowest minimum threshold for conducting a public procurement tender is:

RSD 400000 (ca. EUR 3300) for goods, works and services

The minimum number of bidders is 3 in case of low-value public procurement tenders, but there is no such regulation on restricted procedures or negotiated procedures and competitive dialogue. The minimum submission period is 40 days for open procedures, 20 days for restricted procedures and 25 for negotiated procedures from dispatch date. The final beneficial owners have to be disclosed when placing a bid.

There is possibility for preferential treatment for SMEs and domestic providers can be advantaged through award criteria. Sustainability factors can be considered in the awarding process.

There are several options for bid exclusion: supply of false information, prior unjustifiable refusal to sign a contract after awarding, refusal to supply evidence and collateral previously committed to in the bid etc. Bids can be also excluded because of abnormally low bid prices

In the bid evaluation phase, there are conflict of interest restrictions on the composition of the evaluation committee. There is also a requirement that some part of the evaluation committee be independent of the contracting authority.

There is a payable fee in case of an arbitration procedure, which is at least RSD 15,000 (ca. EUR 120). Court decisions are publicly released. 


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

201220152016Trend
Scope8989
Information availability100100
Evaluation7575
Open competition4747
Institutional arrangements8686

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Scope

Threshold - lowest PP

What is the minimum contract value above which the public procurement law is applied? (Product type GOODS) RSD 400000. 0 (Article 39.II, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
What is the minimum contract value above which the public procurement law is applied? (Product type WORKS) RSD 400000. 0 (Article 39.II, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
What is the minimum contract value above which the public procurement law is applied? (Product type SERVICES) RSD 400000. 0 (Article 39.II, Public Procurement Law (2012) )

Threshold - by PP type

What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Entity: PUBLIC SECTOR) RSD 400000. 0 (Article 39, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Entity: UTILITIES) RSD 400000. 0 (Articles 117, Public Procurement Law (2012)
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Entity: DEFENCE) RSD 16178222. Not specified, hence EU thresholds apply. (120.733 RSD/EUR currency rates were used) (Articles 127, Public Procurement Law (2012)

Threshold - by product type

What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Product type GOODS) RSD 3000000. low-value procurement (with legal implications) below threshold (Article 39.I, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Product type WORKS) RSD 3000000. low-value procurement (with legal implications) below threshold (Article 39.I, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Product type SERVICES) RSD 3000000. low-value procurement (with legal implications) below threshold (Article 39.I, Public Procurement Law (2012) )

Information availability

Publishing and record keeping

Which are the documents which are published in full? Tender Documents: 1) instruction to bidders how to prepare a bid; 2) bid template; 3) requirements and instruction how to prove fulfillment of requirements; 4) a model contract; 5) type, technical characteristics (specifications), quality, quantity and description of goods, services or works, manner of executing control and ensuring quality assurance, time limits for contract execution, place of execution or delivery of goods, any additional services and the like (except in the case of procuring loan as a financial service where loan request has to be drafted); 6) technical documentation and plans, or documents of creditworthiness of contracting authority in the case of public procurement of loan as a financial service; 7) price structure template, with instruction how to complete it; 8) template for expenses incurred in preparation of bid; 9) declaration of independent bid; Also: the list of negative references, criterion and elements of the criterion for awarding contract, notice on concluded public procurement contract or framework agreement, list of contracting authorities, semi-annual report on public procurement, decissions on appeals, complaints and fines. 0 (Article 61 and 62, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Are any of these documents published online at a central place? yes. Public Procurement Portal (Article 62, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Is it mandatory to keep these records? Public notices of bidding opportunities, Bidding documents and addenda, Bid opening records, Bid evaluation reports, Formal appeals by bidders and outcomes, Final signed contract documents and addenda and amendments, Claims and dispute resolutions, Final payments, Disbursement data (as required by the country’s financial management system) yes. at least for five years (Articles 16, 132, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Are contracts awarded within a framework agreement published? yes. within 5 days (Article 116, Public Procurement Law (2012) )

Sub-contracting

Is it mandatory to publish information on subcontractors in some cases? yes. 0 (Article 80, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
If yes, above what proportion of subcontracted value is it mandatory? full disclosure. Subcontractors in a tender cannot participate in the same procedure in any other form. (Article 80, 87, Public Procurement Law (2012) )

Evaluation

Preferential treatment

Is there a ban on mentioning specific companies or products in tender specification/call for tender? yes. bidders can be given 'negative references' (i.e. Blacklist) (Article 12, 13, 72, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Are there restrictions on allowable grounds for tenderer exclusion? yes. acted against integrity of the PP procedure contained in art. 23, prohibition of working engagement of representatives of CA with tenderers (i.e. conflict of interest) contained in article 25, violated competition, supplied false data in bid or unjustifiably refused to sign a PP contract after award, refused to supply evidence and collateral previously committed to in the bid (Articles 82 and 83, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Is there a preferential treatment for small-to-medium enterprises (SMEs)? yes. compulsory formulation of policies to promote SMEs (Article 48, 80 Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Is there a preferential treatment for local/national companies? (companies from other EU MS are considered foreign companies) yes. advantage for domestic bidders and goods when MEAT criteria award (Article 86, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Is there a specific set of rules for green/sustainable procurement? yes. 0 (Articles 13, 71, 73, and 85, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Are some bids automatically excluded such as lowest/highest price; unusually low price, etc. yes. abnormally low price (Article 92, Public Procurement Law (2012) )

Bid evaluation

Is scoring criteria published and explicit? yes. lowest price or MEAT indicating weighting (Article 84, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Can evaluation decision be made by a single person (as opposed to a committee)? no. Committee of, at least, three members of the CA with different studies and qualifications (Article 55, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Are there regulations on evaluation committee composition to prevent conflict of interest? yes. 0 (Article 25, 55, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
If yes, what is banned? general provisions on article 21 about common measures for prevention of corruption. Particular definition as prohibition of working engagement with supplier. 0 (Article 25, 55, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Is some part of evaluation comitee mandatorily independent of contracting authority? yes. civil supervisor monitoring for contract value above RSD 1bn (Article 28, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Are scoring results recorded and publicly available? yes. upon request by bidders (Article 110, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Under which conditions can the tender be cancelled? closed list. if no bidder met requirements, for objectible and verifiable reasons that could not have been foreseen at the time of initiating the procedure (Article 109, Public Procurement Law (2012) )

Open competition

CFT publication

Where should the call for tenders be published? (Procedure type: OPEN) PP portal and buyer's profile. for estimated values exceeding 5,000,000 dinars for goods and services and 10,000,000 dinars for works, extra publication in the Portal of Official Bulletins of the Republic of Serbia and Legislation Databases (Articles 57 and 60, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Where should the call for tenders be published? (Procedure type: RESTRICTED) PP portal and buyer's profile. for estimated values exceeding 5,000,000 dinars for goods and services and 10,000,000 dinars for works, extra publication in the Portal of Official Bulletins of the Republic of Serbia and Legislation Databases (Articles 57 and 60, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Where should the call for tenders be published? (Procedure type: NEGOTIATED) PP portal and buyer's profile. for estimated values exceeding 5,000,000 dinars for goods and services and 10,000,000 dinars for works, extra publication in the Portal of Official Bulletins of the Republic of Serbia and Legislation Databases (Articles 57 and 60, Public Procurement Law (2012) )

Minimum # of bidders

If there is a minimum number of bidders stipulated, under what conditions? RESTRICTED In qualification procedure contracting authority has to recognize qualifications of at least 5 candidates, otherwise no. (Article 34, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
If there is a minimum number of bidders stipulated, under what conditions? NEGOTIATED
If there is a minimum number of bidders stipulated, under what conditions? COMPETITIVE DIALOGUE

Bidding period length

What are the minimum number of days for advertisement required? (Procedure type: OPEN) 40. 40 days (if the value is higher than 5,000,000 for goods and services), 30 days (if the value is lower than the mentionned threshold). If the contracting authority published prior indicative notice within time limit not shorter than 30 days, and no longer than six months prior to publishing the call, then: 30 days (if the value is above the treshold), 22 days (if below the treshold) (Article 95, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
What are the minimum number of days for advertisement required? (Procedure type: RESTRICTED) 20. 20 (8 days for qualification procedure) (Article 96, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
What are the minimum number of days for advertisement required? (Procedure type: NEGOTIATED) 25. 0 (Article 97, Public Procurement Law (2012) )

Institutional arrangements

Institutions and regulations

What are the main EXCEPTIONS preventing the application of the public procurement law for tenders/organisations? Not specified. 0 (Articles 7,122 and 128, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
What are the main types of institutions which have to apply the public procurement law? The law governs public procurement in the areas of water management, energy, communication and postal services and the area of defense and security. Contracting authority (the entity which is regulated) here means: 1. Budget beneficiary, and organization for compulsory social insurance and its users 2. Legal entity established for performing activities of common interest, where any of the following conditions are met: a) over 50% is financed from the contracting authority’s funds; b) contracting authority supervises the operation of that legal entity; c) more than a half of members of that legal entity’s managing body are representatives of the contracting authority. 3. Public company.. 0 (Articles 1 and 2, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
What are the main procedure types or procurement methods permitted by law? Public procurement procedures are as follows: 1) open procedure; 2) restricted procedure; 3) qualification procedure; 4) negotiated procedure with invitation to bid; 5) negotiated procedure without invitation to bid; 6) competitive dialogue; 7) design contest; 8) low-value public procurement procedure.. 0 (Articles 31, Public Procurement Law (2012)
Is there a procurement arbitration court dedicated to public procurement cases? yes. 0 (Article 138 and 165, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Is there a procurement regulatory body dedicated to public procurement? yes. Public Procurement Office (Article 48, 49, 138, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Is the procurement regulatory body independent? yes.
Is the procurement advisors' profession legally defined (i.e. degree to be obtained, official list of members of the professional association) and its role in the tendering procedure described (e.g. right to draft tender documentations, conduct market research identifying bidders)? yes. civil supervisor: persons employed or otherwise commissioned to work for CA or persons related with CA, or persons who are members of a political organization. Requirements set by Public Procurement Office (Article 28, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Is disclosure of final, beneficial owners required for placing a bid? yes. register of bidders shall be available on a website (Article 78, Public Procurement Law (2012) )

Complaints

Is there a fee for arbitration procedure? yes. 0 (Articles 156, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
If yes, how much from RSD 15,000. 0 (Article 156, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Is there a ban on contract signature until arbitration court decision (first instance court)? yes. if complaint on grounds of protection of rights (Article 150, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
What is the maximum number of days until arbitration court decision from filing a complaint? 30. 20 days from request to declare if the case is accepted and 30 to pass a resolution on the case (Article 158, Public Procurement Law (2012) )
Are arbitration court decisions required to be publicly released? yes. 0 (Article 158, Public Procurement Law (2012) )

Qualitative data for 2016


Legislation

Public Procurement Law (2012) (English)pdf