EUROPAM

European Public Accountability Mechanisms

Latvia

Country score (European Average*)
  • 86(67) Political Financing
  • 81(50) Financial Disclosure
  • 85(41) Conflict of Interest
  • 49(56) Freedom of Information
  • 80(65) Public Procurement

Country Facts

IncomeHigh
GNI per capita (2011 PPP $)24,220
Population, total1,978,440
Urban population (% of total)67.4
Internet users (per 100 people)75.8
Life expectancy at birth (years)74.1
Mean years of schooling (years)11.5
Global Competitiveness Index4.5
Sources: World Bank, UNDP, WEF.

Political Financing

The Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties) (1995, amended 2011) and the law on Pre-election Campaign Before the Saeima Elections and Elections to the European Parliament (2004, amended 2009) are the main laws regulating the funding of political parties in Latvia. 

There are comprehensive limits on the private income of political parties. Donations from foreign entities, corporations, trade unions and anonymous donors are prohibited as well as others specified in the law. There are also limits on the amount that can be donated. 

Public funding is available for political parties and is allocated according to the votes received in the previous election. There are specific rules regarding what the public funding may be utilized for and those roles include pre-election campaigns and ongoing party activities. Indirect forms of funding include subsidized media access, premises for campaign meetings and space for campaign materials. 

For regulations on spending, there are bans on vote buying and on some state resources being used in favour or against a political party or candidate. There are also limits on the amount a political party or candidate can spend. 

Parties are required to provide accounts annually which must be made public and reveal the identity of donors. The accounts are overseen by the Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau. Sanctions for breaches of provisions include fines, the loss of public funding, deregistration of the party, suspension of the political party and criminal law sanction. 


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

201220152016Trend
Bans and limits on private income949494
Public funding757575
Regulations on spending100100100
Reporting, oversight and sanctions757575

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Bans and limits on private income

Bans on donations from foreign interests

Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties? Yes. (1) In accordance with the restrictions referred to in Section 6 of this Law, political organisations (parties) may accept gifts (donations) from: 1) Latvian citizens; 2) persons who in accordance with law have the right to receive an Aliens passport of the Republic of Latvia; (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 4)
Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates? Yes. The pre-election expenses of a candidate are considered as the expenses of the party. This means that they are subject to the same rules on donations. (4) If a list of candidates is submitted by a registered or unregistered association of political organisations (parties), the expenses borne for the purpose by the political organisations (parties) that have formed such association, shall also be considered as pre-election expenses thereof. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 8.‌4(4))

Bans on corporate donations

Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties? Yes. (1) In accordance with the restrictions referred to in Section 6 of this Law, political organisations (parties) may accept gifts (donations) from: 1) Latvian citizens; 2) persons who in accordance with law have the right to receive an Aliens passport of the Republic of Latvia; (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 4)
Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates? Yes. The pre-election expenses of a candidate are considered as the expenses of the party. This means that they are subject to the same rules on donations. (4) If a list of candidates is submitted by a registered or unregistered association of political organisations (parties), the expenses borne for the purpose by the political organisations (parties) that have formed such association, shall also be considered as pre-election expenses thereof. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 8.‌4(4))
Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties? Yes. (1) In accordance with the restrictions referred to in Section 6 of this Law, political organisations (parties) may accept gifts (donations) from: 1) Latvian citizens; 2) persons who in accordance with law have the right to receive an Aliens passport of the Republic of Latvia; (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 4)
Is there a ban on donations from corporations of partial government ownership to political parties? Yes. (1) In accordance with the restrictions referred to in Section 6 of this Law, political organisations (parties) may accept gifts (donations) from: 1) Latvian citizens; 2) persons who in accordance with law have the right to receive an Aliens passport of the Republic of Latvia; (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 4)
Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates? Yes. The pre-election expenses of a candidate are considered as the expenses of the party. This means that they are subject to the same rules on donations. (4) If a list of candidates is submitted by a registered or unregistered association of political organisations (parties), the expenses borne for the purpose by the political organisations (parties) that have formed such association, shall also be considered as pre-election expenses thereof. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 8.‌4(4))
Is there a ban on donations from corporations of partial government ownership to candidates? Yes. The pre-election expenses of a candidate are considered as the expenses of the party. This means that they are subject to the same rules on donations. (4) If a list of candidates is submitted by a registered or unregistered association of political organisations (parties), the expenses borne for the purpose by the political organisations (parties) that have formed such association, shall also be considered as pre-election expenses thereof. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 8.‌4(4))

Bans on donations from trade unions

Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties? Yes. (1) In accordance with the restrictions referred to in Section 6 of this Law, political organisations (parties) may accept gifts (donations) from: 1) Latvian citizens; 2) persons who in accordance with law have the right to receive an Aliens passport of the Republic of Latvia; (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 4)
Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates? Yes. The pre-election expenses of a candidate are considered as the expenses of the party. This means that they are subject to the same rules on donations. (4) If a list of candidates is submitted by a registered or unregistered association of political organisations (parties), the expenses borne for the purpose by the political organisations (parties) that have formed such association, shall also be considered as pre-election expenses thereof. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 8.‌4(4))

Bans on anonymous donations

Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties? Yes. (1) Financing of political organisations (parties) in the form of anonymous gifts (donations) is prohibited. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 7)
Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates? Yes. The pre-election expenses of a candidate are considered as the expenses of the party. This means that they are subject to the same rules on donations. (4) If a list of candidates is submitted by a registered or unregistered association of political organisations (parties), the expenses borne for the purpose by the political organisations (parties) that have formed such association, shall also be considered as pre-election expenses thereof. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 8.‌4(4))

Other bans on donations

Is there a ban on state resources being given to or received by political parties or candidates (excluding regulated public funding)? Yes. (1) In accordance with the restrictions referred to in Section 6 of this Law, political organisations (parties) may accept gifts (donations) from: 1) Latvian citizens; 2) persons who in accordance with law have the right to receive an Aliens passport of the Republic of Latvia; (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 4)
Is there a ban on any other form of donation? Yes. (1) Natural persons are prohibited to finance political organisations (parties) from gifts and loans of other persons. Natural persons, who have been sentenced with a prohibition to candidate for elections of the Saeima, European Parliament or local government, except for rehabilitated persons or whose conviction has been extinguished or set aside, are prohibited to finance political organisations (parties) by gifts or donations. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 6(1))

Donation limits

Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party over a time period (not election specific)? Yes. The total payments of membership fee, joining fee and gifts (donations) performed by a member for one political organisation (party) may not exceed 50 minimum monthly salaries within a period of one calendar year. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 3)
Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party in relation to an election? No. Absent from legal framework
Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate? Yes. The pre-election expenses of a candidate are considered as the expenses of the party. This means that they are subject to the same rules on donations. (4) If a list of candidates is submitted by a registered or unregistered association of political organisations (parties), the expenses borne for the purpose by the political organisations (parties) that have formed such association, shall also be considered as pre-election expenses thereof. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 8.‌4(4))

Public funding 

Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties

Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of votes in previous election Yes. (1) State budget financing shall be granted to a political organisation (party) for which more than two percent of voters have voted in the previous Saeima elections, in the amount of 0.71 euros in a calendar year for each vote acquired. ( Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 7.‌1(1))
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Representation in elected body No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Participation in election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Number of candidates No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of seats in previous election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of votes in next election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Registration as a political party No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of seats in next election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Number of members No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Other No. Absent from legal framework

Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties

Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Proportional to votes received No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Equal No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Proportional to seats received No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Flat rate by votes received Yes. (1) State budget financing shall be granted to a political organisation (party) for which more than two percent of voters have voted in the previous Saeima elections, in the amount of 0.71 euros in a calendar year for each vote acquired. ( Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 7.‌1(1))
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Share of expenses reimbursed No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Proportional to candidates fielded No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Number of members No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Other No. Absent from legal framework

Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties

Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Campaign spending Yes. (1) A political organisation (party) is entitled to spend State budget financing on: 7) pre-election campaigns. ( Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 7.‌4(1))
Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Ongoing party activities Yes. (1) A political organisation (party) is entitled to spend State budget financing on: 3) work remuneration and other payments to natural persons connected with the operations of the relevant political organisation (party) or the operations of the association of the relevant political organisation (party); ( Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 7.‌4(1))
Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Intra-party institution No. Absent from legal framework
Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Other Yes. (1) A political organisation (party) is entitled to spend State budget financing on: 1) premise hire and services connected to premise hire, including the organisation of meetings; 2) communication and Internet services; 4) sworn auditor services; 5) research work; 6) the organisation of educational events intended for inhabitants, including public events, seminars, charity events, and the publication and distribution of books, booklets, excluding the ensuring of catering services; and (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 7.‌4(1))

Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties

Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Equal Yes. 6(1) Deputy candidates who are on the list of deputy candidates of the same title have rights to use the State ensured free of charge broadcasting time for the pre-election campaign in the first television and radio programme of the public electronic mass media in cases, in accordance with the procedures and within the amount set out in this Chapter. 7(1) Deputy candidates who are in the list of deputy candidates of the same title have the right before the elections of the Saeima, the European Parliament and the elections of local governments to use the State ensured free of charge broadcasting time for pre-election campaign in the first television and radio programme of the public electronic mass media four times for five minutes in the period from the 25th day until the penultimate day before the election day. 7(2) If the Saeima is dissolved or recalled, deputy candidates who are in the list of deputy candidates of the same title have the right to use the State ensured free of charge broadcasting time for pre-election campaign in the first television and radio programme of the public electronic mass media two times for five minutes in the period from the seventh day until the penultimate day beofre the election day. (Law on Pre-Election Campaign, 2013, amended 2014, Sections 6(1) and 7, )
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Number of candidates No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Share of seats No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Share of votes in preceding election No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Other No. Absent from legal framework ( )
Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates? Yes. 6(1) Deputy candidates who are on the list of deputy candidates of the same title have rights to use the State ensured free of charge broadcasting time for the pre-election campaign in the first television and radio programme of the public electronic mass media in cases, in accordance with the procedures and within the amount set out in this Chapter. (Law on Pre-Election Campaign, 2013, amended 2014, Section 6(1), )

Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?

Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Premises for campaign meetings Yes. 25. State authorities and authorities of derived public persons and capital companies, in which more than 50 per cent of capital shares (stocks) belong to the State or derived public persons, may grant premises to the campaigner where to organise meetings with voters free of charge or for payment which does not exceed the actual maintenance expenses of such premises. (Law on Pre-Election Campaign, 2013, amended 2014, Section 25)
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Space for campaign materials Yes. 24(1). It is prohibited to place and distribute the materials of pre-election campaign in the premises of the buildings where State authorities and authorities of derived public persons and capital companies, in which more than 50 per cent of capital shares (stocks) belong to the State or derived public persons, are located, as well as in the shared-use facilities of such buildings. 24(2). This restriction shall not apply to the materials of informative nature by the Central Election Commission on the elections of the Saeima, elections to the European Parliament and the elections of local governments, as well as to the cases referred to in Section 25 of this Law. (Law on Pre-Election Campaign, 2013, amended 2014, Section 24)
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Tax relief Yes. 5. Natural persons who have, in compliance with the provisions of this Law, given (donated) financial resources or property to a political organisation (party) shall be exempted from payment of the relevant State fees. (Law on financing of political organisations (parties), 1995, amended in 2014, Section 5)
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Free or subsidised transport No. Absent from legal framework
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Free or subsidised postage cost No. Absent from legal framework
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Other No. Absent from legal framework
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No. Absent from legal framework
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No. Absent from legal framework

Regulations on spending 

Is there a ban on vote buying? Yes. For a person who knowingly commits hindrance of the right to freely elect members of the parliament and to be elected or to freely participate in a national referendum organised in accordance with the laws of the Republic of Latvia, by the use of violence, fraud, threats, payoffs, or other unlawful means, the applicable punishment is deprivation of liberty for a term not exceeding three years or temporary deprivation of liberty, or community service, or a fine. (Criminal Law, 1998, amended 2013. Section 90(2))
Are there bans on state resources being used in favour or against a political party or candidate? Yes. 24(1). It is prohibited to place and distribute the materials of pre-election campaign in the premises of the buildings where State authorities and authorities of derived public persons and capital companies, in which more than 50 per cent of capital shares (stocks) belong to the State or derived public persons, are located, as well as in the shared-use facilities of such buildings. 24(2). This restriction shall not apply to the materials of informative nature by the Central Election Commission on the elections of the Saeima, elections to the European Parliament and the elections of local governments, as well as to the cases referred to in Section 25 of this Law. 1. The purpose of this Law is to ensure that the financial resources and property of the State and local governments is utilised lawfully and in conformity with the public interest, to prevent the squandering and ineffective utilisation of such financial resources and property, as well as to restrict corruption of State officials.‌ ( Law on Pre-Election Campaign, 2013, amended 2014, Section 24 Law On Prevention of Squandering of the Financial Resources and Property of the State and Local Governments, 1995, amended 2001, Section 1)
Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend? Yes. There are different limits for Parliamentary, Local Government and European Parliament election expenses. Section 8.4 provides comprehensive detail too long to include in this table. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014,Section 8.‌4)
Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend? Yes. (4) If a list of candidates is submitted by a registered or unregistered association of political organisations (parties), the expenses borne for the purpose by the political organisations (parties) that have formed such association, shall also be considered as pre-election expenses thereof. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 8.4(4))

Reporting, oversight and sanctions 

Reporting standards

Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances? Yes. (1) A political organisation (party) shall prepare annual report regarding each reporting year in accordance with the Law on Accounting and other regulatory enactments. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 8.‌5(1))
Do political parties have to report on their finances in relation to election campaigns? Yes. (1) The political organisations (parties) which have submitted their lists of candidates for the election to the Saeima, local government councils (parish councils) or the European Parliament, shall submit to the Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau a declaration of income and expenses of elections signed by the board of the relevant political organisation (party) or authorised person thereof in accordance with the procedures specified by the Cabinet within a period of 30 days after the election of the Saeima, local government councils (parish councils) or the European Parliament. ( Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 8.2(1))
Do candidates have to report on their campaign finances? No.
Is information in reports from political parties and/​or candidates to be made public? Yes. (3) Within 15 days after the receipt of a gift (donation) the political organisation (party) shall inform the Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau thereof. The Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau shall publish information on its Internet homepage regarding gifts (donations) received by a political organisation (party). The information to be indicated in the report of a political organisation (party) and the procedures for the submission thereof, as well as the procedures by which information shall be published regarding the gifts (donations) received by a political organisation (party) and the content of this information shall be determined by the Cabinet. Also: (1) The financial and economic activities of political organisations (parties) shall be transparent and publicly available. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 4(3) & 9(1) )
Must reports from political parties and/​or candidates reveal the identity of donors? Yes. (1) Financing of political organisations (parties) in the form of anonymous gifts (donations) is prohibited. (2) Within the meaning of this Law a gift (donation) is anonymous if in the accounting documents of the political organisation (party) the given name, surname, personal identification number and place of residence in respect of the giver (donor) – a natural person – are not indicated. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 7(1) & (2))
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Electoral Management Board No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Auditing agency No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Ministry No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Special institution Yes. (1) The political organisations (parties) which have submitted their lists of candidates for the election to the Saeima, local government councils (parish councils) or the European Parliament, shall submit to the Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau a declaration (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 8.2(1))
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Court No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Other No. Absent from legal framework

Political finance oversight

Is it specified that a particular institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/​or investigating violations?
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Court No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Ministry No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Auditing agency No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Electoral Management Body No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Institution for this purpose No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Other Yes. (3) The Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau shall perform an audit of declarations of income and expenses of elections and shall, within six months from the closing date of the period for submitting the declarations, inform at once the public regarding all breaches of the provisions for the financing of political organisations (parties) identified in all those declarations submitted, as well as regarding the measures carried out for the prevention thereof. (10) If the Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau identifies a violation of the provisions of Section 2, Paragraph three, Section 4, Paragraph one and Section 6, Paragraph one, the Head of the Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau has a duty to (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 8.2(3) & 10(1.1))
Other institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Court No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Ministry No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Auditing agency No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: EMB No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Institution for this purpose No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Other No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Fines Yes. For the illegal financing of political organisations (parties) or associations of political organisations (associations) on a large scale, the applicable punishment is deprivation of liberty for a term not exceeding two years or temporary deprivation of liberty, or community service, or a fine. (Criminal Law, 1998, amended 2013. Section 288.2 (1))
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of public funding Yes. (4) The Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau shall take a decision regarding the suspension of the disbursement of State budget financing, if: 1) the operations of a political organisation (party) are suspended – for the period of the suspension of the operations of the political organisation (party); 2) the political organisation (party) has not submitted its annual report or declaration of income and expenses of elections for the previous year – for the next calendar year; or 3) violation of the provisions of Section 7.4 of this Law is determined and the decision regarding the application of a punishment has come into effect – for one year. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 7.3(4))
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Penal/Criminal Yes. (1) For the illegal financing of political organisations (parties) or associations of political organisations (associations) on a large scale, the applicable punishment is deprivation of liberty for a term not exceeding two years or temporary deprivation of liberty, or community service, or a fine. (2) For the activities provided for in Paragraph one of this Section, if they have been committed by a group of persons pursuant to prior agreement, the applicable punishment is deprivation of liberty for a term not exceeding four years or temporary deprivation of liberty, or community service, or a fine. (Criminal Law, 1998, amended 2013. Section 288.‌2)
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Forfeiture Yes. (1.1) If the Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau identifies a violation of the first paragraph of Section 4, the Head of the Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau has a duty to charge the relevant political organisation (party) to repay the illegally acquired financial assets to the payer within 30 days, but to return the property to the giver thereof. If the political organisation (party) fails to repay the illegally acquired financial assets to the payer or to return the property to the giver thereof within 30 days after the time of the notification of the relevant decision, the Head of the Bureau for the Prevention and Combating of Corruption has the duty to charge the relevant political organisation (party) to include the illegally acquired financial assets into the State budget within 30 days, and to transfer the property to the State property. Upon a motivated request from the relevant political organisation (party) the Head of the Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau may divide the repayment of the financial assets into periods or extend the period of repayment of financial assets, but not longer than for 90 days. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 10 (1.1))
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Deregistration of party Yes. (6) If the political organisation (party) fails to comply with the court judgment on suspension of activity or fails to prevent the breach of law in the period appointed by the court, the Head of the Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau has the duty to initiate termination of the activity of the relevant political organisation (party) through court. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 10 (6))
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of elected office No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Suspension of political party Yes. (5) If a political organisation (party) fails to fulfil the obligation determined in Paragraphs 1.1, two, 2.1 and three of this Section within the term period determined by the Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau or within a month after forwarding of a warning fails to submit the declaration of income and expenses of elections referred to in this Law or the annual report, the Head of the Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau has a duty to initiate suspension of the activity of the relevant political organisation (party) through court within a month. (Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2014, Section 10 (5))
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of nomination of candidate No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of political rights No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Other No. Absent from legal framework

Qualitative data for 2016


Legislation

Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties), 1995, amended 2011 (English)pdf
Law on Pre-​election Campaign, 2013, amended 2014 (Latvian)pdf
Criminal Law, 1998, amended 201 (English)pdf
Law On Prevention of Squandering of the Financial Resources and Property of the State and Local Governments, 1995, amended 2001missing file:

Financial Disclosure

The Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest (2002, last amended 2013) sets down the same disclosure requirements for all Latvian public officials, namely Head of State, Ministers, Members of Parliament, and Civil Servants. These include declaring real estate, movable assets, cash, debt, and gifts that exceed the value of the minimum wage. Additionally, income from outside employment, all other positions held, firm ownership, and shares in public or private companies must be disclosed. Ministers and MPs are additionally required to disclose participation in government contracts. Only the Head of State and Civil Servants are required to disclose any positions that would constitute a conflict of interests for two years after ending tenure. 

The law requires all public officials to make declarations upon taking and leaving office, and to update them annually. The Administrative Violations Code (2007) and the Criminal Law (2010) specify sanctions for late filling, non-filling, and making false disclosure. These include fines and imprisonment. The State Revenue Service functions as depository body for all public officials. Additionally, the Prevention and Combating  of Corruption Bureau is tasked with verifying the accuracy of declarations and enforcing financial disclosure legislation. All public officials’ declarations are made publicly available electronically. However, only those parts of declarations which do not harm the protection of personal data are published.


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

201220152016Trend
Disclosure items637171
Filing frequency757575
Sanctions100100100
Monitoring and Oversight758181
Public access to declarations507575

Alternative Metric

201220152016Trend
Head of State728282
Ministers737878
Members of Parliament737878
Civil servants738585

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Head of State

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure No. Public officials are not required to disclose information about the interests, assets, or incomes of spouses or children, nor are spouses and children obligated by law to disclose this information.
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. Real estate must be disclosed. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Movable assets Yes. Movable assets must be disclosed. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Cash Yes. The President is required to disclose cash savings if it exceeds twenty months’ wages. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Loans and Debts Yes. The President is required to disclose loans and debts if the amount exceeds 20 minimum monthly wages. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. The President is required to disclose all income earned in the period covered by the asset declaration. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official Yes. The Head of State is required to disclose souvenirs, books, representation articles over the amount of a monthly minimum wage received during fulfilling official duties and must submit written notification regarding acceptance of a gift. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. The Head of State is required to disclose private firm ownership and sources of unearned income, such as capital shares, stock and securities. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. The Head of State is required to disclose private firm ownership and sources of unearned income, such as capital shares, stock and securities. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Holding government contracts No. Absent from legal framework.
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. The Head of state is required to disclose all other positions held. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Post-employment Yes. The Head of state is required to disclose all other positions held that would violate public/public incompatibilities within 2 years of leaving office. (Articles 24 and 25 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. The Head of state is required to disclose all other positions held. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. A public official is prohibited, in the performance of the duties of the public official, to prepare or issue administrative acts, perform the supervision, control, inquiry or punitive functions, enter into contracts or perform other activities in which such public officials, their relatives or counterparties are personally or financially interested. (Article 11 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector No. Absent from legal framework.

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. A person, upon assuming office, shall submit the declaration referred to in Section 23, Paragraph one, Clause 1 of this Law within one month from the day when a decision was taken regarding his or her the appointment, election or approval in the office of the public official or from the day the term of office of members of the Saeima or the councillors of local government city councils (parish or district councils) has begun in accordance with law. (Article 25 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2016)
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. If a person has held the office of a public official for more than three months, he or she, upon ending the duties of office of the public official, shall submit the declaration referred to in Section 23, Paragraph one, Clause 3 of this Law within a time period of one month after the last day of the performance of the duties of the office. (Article 25 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2016)
Filing required annually Yes. A public official shall submit each year by 1 April the declaration referred to in Section 23, Paragraph one, Clause 2 of this Law. (Article 25 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2016)
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest No. Absent from legal framework.

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Public officials are subject to fines and administrative sanctions (dismissal, forfeiture of right to hold office) for late filing of declarations. Public officials are also subject to penal sanctions for violations of disclosure requirements. (Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, 1985, amended in 2015 Article 298 of Criminal Law, 1998, amended in 2015)
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. According to Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, fines are applied for violations of disclosure requirements. Article 219 (2). The false data in the statutory income, property, business or other property nature in the declaration if the false statements listed on the property or other income on a large scale, shall be punished by temporary imprisonment or community service, or a fine. (3) The statutory declarable assets or other income the source failure or for giving false information about the declared property or other income source, if the following information as provided by law requested by an authorized state body and if false information indicated on the property or other income a largescale, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or a short­term imprisonment or community service, or a fine, confiscation of property or without confiscation of property. (Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, 1985, amended in 2015 Article 219 Criminal Law, 1998, amended in 2015)
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. According to Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, fines are applied to the Head of State for declaration or specification of false statements in the declaration. Article 219 (2). The false data in the statutory income, property, business or other property nature in the declaration if the false statements listed on the property or other income on a large scale, shall be punished by temporary imprisonment or community service, or a fine. (3) The statutory declarable assets or other income the source failure or for giving false information about the declared property or other income source, if the following information as provided by law requested by an authorized state body and if false information indicated on the property or other income a largescale, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or a short­term imprisonment or community service, or a fine, confiscation of property or without confiscation of property. According to Article 299 of The Criminal Law, public officials are subject to deprivation of liberty for a term not exceeding one year, or a fine not exceeding fifty times the minimum monthly wage, for knowingly submitting a false report. (Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, 1985, amended in 2015 Articles 219 and 299 Criminal Law, 1998, amended in 2015)

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. State Revenue Service (Article 23 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. The Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau (Article 28 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2016)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. The State Revenue Service, Constitution Protection Bureau, the Prime Minister or his or her authorised person verify submissions. (Article 28 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2016)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy Yes. According to Sections 27 and 28 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau, the Constitution Protection Bureau and the Prime Minister are assigned the legal responsibility to verify if the declarations contain any violations of the Law. However, the Law is not clear regarding which body is assigned the authority for content verification. According to Article 28, Subsection 1, Points 1 and 2 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, the State Revenue Service is assigned the legal responsibility and authority to verify the accuracy of declarations by the Head of State. (Article 28 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. In order to ensure the protection of personal data, the declarations shall contain a part that is publicly accessible and a part that is not publicly accessible. (Article 26 (1) of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Timing of information release specified Yes. (6) The data to be published indicated in the declarations of the President, members of the Saeima, Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Ministers, Ministers, Ministers for Special Assignments, Parliamentary Secretaries and councillors of city councils shall be published electronically not later than within one month, but the data to be published indicated in the declarations of other public officials not later than within three months after the submission thereof to the State Revenue Service. (Article 26 (6) of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Location(s) of access specified Yes. Declaration will be published electronically. (Article 26 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Cost of access specified No. Absent from legal framework.

Ministers

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure No. Public officials are not required to disclose information about the interests, assets, or incomes of spouses or children, nor are spouses and children obligated by law to disclose this information.
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. Real estate must be disclosed. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Movable assets Yes. Movable assets must be disclosed. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Cash Yes. Ministers are required to disclose cash savings if it exceeds twenty months’ wages. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Loans and Debts Yes. Ministers are required to disclose loans and debts if the amount exceeds 20 minimum monthly wages. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. Ministers are required to disclose all income earned in the period covered by the asset declaration. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official Yes. Ministers are required to disclose souvenirs, books, representation articles over the amount of a monthly minimum wage received during fulfilling official duties and submit written notifications regarding acceptance of gifts. (Article 13 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. Ministers are required to disclose private firm ownership and sources of unearned income, such as capital shares, stock and securities. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. Ministers are required to disclose private firm ownership and sources of unearned income, such as capital shares, stock and securities. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Holding government contracts Yes. Ministers are required to disclose participation in government contracts as private individuals.
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. Ministers are required to disclose membership(s) on boards of private firms, being an officer (CEO, COO) in a private company, and being an advisor (financial, legal, auditor) to companies. (Articles 8 and 21 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Post-employment No. Absent from legal framework.
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. Ministers are required to disclose all other positions held. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. A public official is prohibited, in the performance of the duties of the public official, to prepare or issue administrative acts, perform the supervision, control, inquiry or punitive functions, enter into contracts or perform other activities in which such public officials, their relatives or counterparties are personally or financially interested. (Article 11 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector Yes. MPs are required to disclose involvement in the employment of family or friends in government positions. (Article 21 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. A person, upon assuming office, shall submit the declaration referred to in Section 23, Paragraph one, Clause 1 of this Law within one month from the day when a decision was taken regarding his or her the appointment, election or approval in the office of the public official or from the day the term of office of members of the Saeima or the councillors of local government city councils (parish or district councils) has begun in accordance with law. (Article 25 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. If a person has held the office of a public official for more than three months, he or she, upon ending the duties of office of the public official, shall submit the declaration referred to in Section 23, Paragraph one, Clause 3 of this Law within a time period of one month after the last day of the performance of the duties of the office. (Article 25 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Filing required annually Yes. Filings must be done by 1 April each year. (Article 25 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest No. Absent from legal framework.

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Public officials are subject to fines and administrative sanctions (dismissal, forfeiture of right to hold office) for late filing of declarations. Public officials are also subject to penal sanctions for violations of disclosure requirements. (Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, 1985, amended in 2015 Article 298 of Criminal Law, 1998, amended in 2015)
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. According to Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, fines are applied for violations of disclosure requirements. Article 219 (2). The false data in the statutory income, property, business or other property nature in the declaration if the false statements listed on the property or other income on a large scale, shall be punished by temporary imprisonment or community service, or a fine. (3) The statutory declarable assets or other income the source failure or for giving false information about the declared property or other income source, if the following information as provided by law requested by an authorized state body and if false information indicated on the property or other income a largescale, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or a short­term imprisonment or community service, or a fine, confiscation of property or without confiscation of property. (Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, 1985, amended in 2015 Article 219 Criminal Law, 1998, amended in 2015)
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. According to Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, fines are applied to the Head of State for declaration or specification of false statements in the declaration. Article 219 (2). The false data in the statutory income, property, business or other property nature in the declaration if the false statements listed on the property or other income on a large scale, shall be punished by temporary imprisonment or community service, or a fine. (3) The statutory declarable assets or other income the source failure or for giving false information about the declared property or other income source, if the following information as provided by law requested by an authorized state body and if false information indicated on the property or other income a largescale, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or a short­term imprisonment or community service, or a fine, confiscation of property or without confiscation of property. According to Article 299 of The Criminal Law, public officials are subject to deprivation of liberty for a term not exceeding one year, or a fine not exceeding fifty times the minimum monthly wage, for knowingly submitting a false report. (Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, 1985, amended in 2015 Articles 219 and 299 Criminal Law, 1998, amended in 2015)

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. State Revenue Service (Article 23 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. The Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau (Article 28 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. The State Revenue Service, Constitution Protection Bureau, the Prime Minister or his or her authorised person verify submissions. (Article 28 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy No. According to Sections 27 and 28 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau, the Constitution Protection Bureau and the Prime Minister are assigned the legal responsibility to verify if the declarations contain any violations of the Law. However, the Law is not clear regarding which body is assigned the authority for content verification. (Article 28 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. In order to ensure the protection of personal data, the declarations shall contain a part that is publicly accessible and a part that is not publicly accessible. (Article 26 (1) of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Timing of information release specified Yes. (6) The data to be published indicated in the declarations of the President, members of the Saeima, Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Ministers, Ministers, Ministers for Special Assignments, Parliamentary Secretaries and councillors of city councils shall be published electronically not later than within one month, but the data to be published indicated in the declarations of other public officials not later than within three months after the submission thereof to the State Revenue Service. (Article 26 (6) of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Location(s) of access specified Yes. Declaration will be published electronically. (Article 26 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Cost of access specified No. Absent from legal framework.

Members of Parliament

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure No. Public officials are not required to disclose information about the interests, assets, or incomes of spouses or children, nor are spouses and children obligated by law to disclose this information.
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. Real estate must be disclosed. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Movable assets Yes. Movable assets must be disclosed. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Cash Yes. MPs are required to disclose cash savings if it exceeds twenty months’ wages. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Loans and Debts Yes. MPs are required to provided information on debts, the amount of which exceeds twenty minimum monthly wages. And they must specify the amount of such debt and the debtor or creditor respectively. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. MPs are required to disclose all income earned in the period covered by the asset declaration. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official Yes. MPs are required to disclose souvenirs, books, representation articles over the amount of a monthly minimum wage received during fulfilling official duties and submit written notifications regarding acceptance of gifts. (Article 13 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. MPs are required to disclose private firm ownership and sources of unearned income, such as capital shares, stock and securities. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. MPs are required to disclose private firm ownership and sources of unearned income, such as capital shares, stock and securities. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Holding government contracts Yes. Ministers are required to disclose participation in government contracts as private individuals. (Articles 10 and 21 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. Ministers are required to disclose membership(s) on boards of private firms, being an officer (CEO, COO) in a private company, and being an advisor (financial, legal, auditor) to companies. (Articles 8 and 21 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Post-employment Yes. A public official, for two years after he or she has ceased to perform the duties of the relevant office of the public official in a State or local government authority, is prohibited to obtain the property of such merchant, as well as to become a shareholder, stockholder, partner or hold an office in those commercial companies, in relation to which during performing his or her duties this public official has taken decisions on procurement for State or local government needs, allocation of State or local government resources and State or local government privatisation fund resources or has performed supervision, control or punitive functions or administered insolvency proceedings. (Article 10 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. Ministers are required to disclose all other positions held. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. A public official is prohibited, in the performance of the duties of the public official, to prepare or issue administrative acts, perform the supervision, control, inquiry or punitive functions, enter into contracts or perform other activities in which such public officials, their relatives or counterparties are personally or financially interested. (Article 11 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector No. Absent from legal framework.

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. A person, upon assuming office, shall submit the declaration referred to in Section 23, Paragraph one, Clause 1 of this Law within one month from the day when a decision was taken regarding his or her the appointment, election or approval in the office of the public official or from the day the term of office of members of the Saeima or the councillors of local government city councils (parish or district councils) has begun in accordance with law. (Article 25 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. If a person has held the office of a public official for more than three months, he or she, upon ending the duties of office of the public official, shall submit the declaration referred to in Section 23, Paragraph one, Clause 3 of this Law within a time period of one month after the last day of the performance of the duties of the office. (Article 25 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Filing required annually Yes. Filings must be done by 1 April each year. (Article 25 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest No. Absent from legal framework.

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Public officials are subject to fines and administrative sanctions (dismissal, forfeiture of right to hold office) for late filing of declarations. Public officials are also subject to penal sanctions for violations of disclosure requirements. (Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, 1985, amended in 2015 Article 298 of Criminal Law, 1998, amended in 2015)
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. According to Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, fines are applied for violations of disclosure requirements. Article 219 (2). The false data in the statutory income, property, business or other property nature in the declaration if the false statements listed on the property or other income on a large scale, shall be punished by temporary imprisonment or community service, or a fine. (3) The statutory declarable assets or other income the source failure or for giving false information about the declared property or other income source, if the following information as provided by law requested by an authorized state body and if false information indicated on the property or other income a largescale, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or a short­term imprisonment or community service, or a fine, confiscation of property or without confiscation of property. (Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, 1985, amended in 2015 Article 219 Criminal Law, 1998, amended in 2015)
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. According to Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, fines are applied to the Head of State for declaration or specification of false statements in the declaration. Article 219 (2). The false data in the statutory income, property, business or other property nature in the declaration if the false statements listed on the property or other income on a large scale, shall be punished by temporary imprisonment or community service, or a fine. (3) The statutory declarable assets or other income the source failure or for giving false information about the declared property or other income source, if the following information as provided by law requested by an authorized state body and if false information indicated on the property or other income a largescale, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or a short­term imprisonment or community service, or a fine, confiscation of property or without confiscation of property. According to Article 299 of The Criminal Law, public officials are subject to deprivation of liberty for a term not exceeding one year, or a fine not exceeding fifty times the minimum monthly wage, for knowingly submitting a false report. (Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, 1985, amended in 2015 Articles 219 and 299 Criminal Law, 1998, amended in 2015)

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. State Revenue Service (Article 23 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. The Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau (Article 28 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. The State Revenue Service, Constitution Protection Bureau, the Prime Minister or his or her authorised person verify submissions. (Article 28 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy No. According to Sections 27 and 28 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau, the Constitution Protection Bureau and the Prime Minister are assigned the legal responsibility to verify if the declarations contain any violations of the Law. However, the Law is not clear regarding which body is assigned the authority for content verification. (Article 28 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. In order to ensure the protection of personal data, the declarations shall contain a part that is publicly accessible and a part that is not publicly accessible. (Article 26 (1) of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Timing of information release specified Yes. (6) The data to be published indicated in the declarations of the President, members of the Saeima, Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Ministers, Ministers, Ministers for Special Assignments, Parliamentary Secretaries and councillors of city councils shall be published electronically not later than within one month, but the data to be published indicated in the declarations of other public officials not later than within three months after the submission thereof to the State Revenue Service. (Article 26 (6) of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Location(s) of access specified Yes. Declaration will be published electronically. (Article 26 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Cost of access specified No. Absent from legal framework.

Civil servants

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure Yes. “... public official shall specify the following..., as well as the given name, surname, personal identification number, place of residence and relationship of his or her spouse, parents, brothers, sisters and children...” (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. Real estate must be disclosed. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Movable assets Yes. Movable assets must be disclosed. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Cash Yes. Civil servants are required to disclose cash savings if it exceeds twenty months’ wages. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Loans and Debts Yes. Civil servants are required to disclose loans and debts if the amount exceeds 20 minimum monthly wages. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. Civil servants are required to disclose all income earned in the period covered by the asset declaration. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official Yes. Civil servants are required to disclose souvenirs, books, representation articles over the amount of a monthly minimum wage received during fulfilling official duties and submit written notifications regarding acceptance of gifts. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. Civil servants are required to disclose private firm ownership and sources of unearned income, such as capital shares, stock and securities. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. Civil servants are required to disclose private firm ownership and sources of unearned income, such as capital shares, stock and securities. (Article 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Holding government contracts Yes. Civil servants are required to disclose participation in government contracts as private individuals. (Article 21 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. Civil servants are required to disclose membership(s) on boards of private firms. (Articles 8 and 21 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Post-employment Yes. Civil servants are required to disclose employment for two years after leaving position. (Articles 8 and 21 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. Civil servants are required to disclose all other positions held. (Articles 8 and 24 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. A public official is prohibited to influence in any manner other public officials using his or her office position when preparing or issuing administrative acts or performing supervision, control, inquiry or punitive functions... (Article 12 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector Yes. Civil servants are required to disclose involvement in the employment of family or friends in government positions. (Article 21 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. A person, upon assuming office, shall submit the declaration referred to in Section 23, Paragraph one, Clause 1 of this Law within one month from the day when a decision was taken regarding his or her the appointment, election or approval in the office of the public official or from the day the term of office of members of the Saeima or the councillors of local government city councils (parish or district councils) has begun in accordance with law. (Article 25 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. If a person has held the office of a public official for more than three months, he or she, upon ending the duties of office of the public official, shall submit the declaration referred to in Section 23, Paragraph one, Clause 3 of this Law within a time period of one month after the last day of the performance of the duties of the office. (Article 25 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Filing required annually Yes. Filings must be done by 1 April each year. (Article 25 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest No. Absent from legal framework.

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Public officials are subject to fines and administrative sanctions (dismissal, forfeiture of right to hold office) for late filing of declarations. Public officials are also subject to penal sanctions for violations of disclosure requirements. (Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, 1985, amended in 2015 Article 298 of Criminal Law, 1998, amended in 2015)
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. According to Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, fines are applied for violations of disclosure requirements. Article 219 (2). The false data in the statutory income, property, business or other property nature in the declaration if the false statements listed on the property or other income on a large scale, shall be punished by temporary imprisonment or community service, or a fine. (3) The statutory declarable assets or other income the source failure or for giving false information about the declared property or other income source, if the following information as provided by law requested by an authorized state body and if false information indicated on the property or other income a largescale, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or a short­term imprisonment or community service, or a fine, confiscation of property or without confiscation of property. (Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, 1985, amended in 2015 Article 219 Criminal Law, 1998, amended in 2015)
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. According to Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, fines are applied to the Head of State for declaration or specification of false statements in the declaration. Article 219 (2). The false data in the statutory income, property, business or other property nature in the declaration if the false statements listed on the property or other income on a large scale, shall be punished by temporary imprisonment or community service, or a fine. (3) The statutory declarable assets or other income the source failure or for giving false information about the declared property or other income source, if the following information as provided by law requested by an authorized state body and if false information indicated on the property or other income a largescale, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or a short­term imprisonment or community service, or a fine, confiscation of property or without confiscation of property. According to Article 299 of The Criminal Law, public officials are subject to deprivation of liberty for a term not exceeding one year, or a fine not exceeding fifty times the minimum monthly wage, for knowingly submitting a false report. (Article 166.27 of Administrative Violations Code, 1985, amended in 2015 Articles 219 and 299 Criminal Law, 1998, amended in 2015)

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. State Revenue Service (Article 23 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. The Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau (Article 28 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. The State Revenue Service, Constitution Protection Bureau, the Prime Minister or his or her authorised person verify submissions. (Article 28 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy No. According to Sections 27 and 28 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau, the Constitution Protection Bureau and the Prime Minister are assigned the legal responsibility to verify if the declarations contain any violations of the Law. However, the Law is not clear regarding which body is assigned the authority for content verification. (Article 28 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. In order to ensure the protection of personal data, the declarations shall contain a part that is publicly accessible and a part that is not publicly accessible. (Article 26 (1) of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Timing of information release specified Yes. (6) The data to be published indicated in the declarations of the President, members of the Saeima, Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Ministers, Ministers, Ministers for Special Assignments, Parliamentary Secretaries and councillors of city councils shall be published electronically not later than within one month, but the data to be published indicated in the declarations of other public officials not later than within three months after the submission thereof to the State Revenue Service. (Article 26 (6) of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Location(s) of access specified Yes. Declaration will be published electronically. (Article 26 of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015)
Cost of access specified No. Absent from legal framework.

Qualitative data for 2016


Legislation

Administrative Violations Code, 1985, amended in 2015 (Latvian)pdf
Criminal Law, 1998, amended in 2015 (English)pdf
Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015 (English)pdf

Conflict of Interest

The Latvian Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2012) includes a general clause for all public officials to avoid conflicts of interests. Further limitations regarding conflicts of interests are very similar for all public officials. The Head of State, Ministers, and Members of Parliament may not accept gifts, hold shares in private or public companies, or hold government contracts. Meanwhile, Civil Servants are only hindered from accepting gifts or participating in a private company. Furthermore, no public official may become employed or acquire shares of an actor that was previously under their supervision for two years after ending tenure. No laws exist that prevent public officials from participating in a decision which affects private interests. 

Should public officials violate regulations on conflicts of interests, they may face fines, removal from office or prison sentences. The Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau functions as monitoring and enforcement body for Head of State, Ministers, MPs, and Civil Servants.


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

201220152016Trend
Restrictions885555
Sanctions100100100
Monitoring and Oversight38100100

Alternative Metric

201220152016Trend
Head of State638787
Ministers808787
Members of Parliament808787
Civil servants778080

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Head of State

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest No. Absent from legal framework.
Accepting gifts Yes. A public official in fulfilling the duties of office is permitted to accept gifts if they are diplomatic gifts or they are presented: 1) within the framework of State, official and working visits in Latvia or abroad; 2) by officials of foreign states or international organisations to the public officials working in diplomatic and consular missions of the Republic of Latvia; 3) to a public official as a representative of the State or local government authority on public holidays and on days of commemoration and celebration; 4) to a public official by the State or local government authority in which the relevant person fulfils the duties of the office. Within the meaning of this Law, a gift is any financial or other kind of benefits (including services, granting and transfer of rights, release from obligations, waiver of a right, as well as other activities the result of which a benefit is created), the beneficiary of which directly or indirectly is the public official. (Section 13-13.1 of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. A public official shall not obtain income from capital shares and stock, as well as from any kind of securities in commercial companies that are registered in tax-free or low-tax countries and territories in accordance with Cabinet regulations (Section 9(3) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. The President and the Vice-President shall not be the shareholders, stockholders and partners of such commercial companies or such individual merchants as receive orders for procurement for State and local government needs, State financial resources, State-guaranteed credits or State privatisation fund resources, except the cases where they are granted as a result of an open competition. (Section 10(1) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Holding government contracts Yes. The President and the Vice-President shall not be the shareholders, stockholders and partners of such commercial companies or such individual merchants as receive orders for procurement for State and local government needs, State financial resources, State-guaranteed credits or State privatisation fund resources, except the cases where they are granted as a result of an open competition. (Section 10(1) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm No. Absent from legal framework.
Post-employment Yes. A public official, for two years after he or she has ceased to perform the duties of the relevant office of the public official in a State or local government authority, is prohibited to obtain the property of such merchant, as well as to become a shareholder, stockholder, partner or hold an office in those commercial companies, in relation to which during performing his or her duties this public official has taken decisions on procurement for State or local government needs, allocation of State or local government resources and State or local government privatisation fund resources or has performed supervision, control or punitive functions. (Section 10(7) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. The office of the President shall not be held concurrently with any other office. If the person elected as President is a member of the Saeima, he or she shall resign his or her mandate as a member of the Saeima. Public officials are permitted to combine an office of the public official with another office, in the performance of a work-performance contract or in the economic activity of the individual merchant status, or registering for the State Revenue Service as a performer of economic activity according to the law" On Personal Income Tax " if restrictions on the combining of the offices of the public official are not provided for in this Law or other laws and regulations. Combining the office of the President with another office shall be determined by the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia. (Article 38 of the Constitution (1922, last amended in 2007) Section 6(1)-7(1) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from legal framework.
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector No. Absent from legal framework.

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. For administrative offence, a fine up to €355 can be imposed and the deprivation of the right to hold public office could be imposed. For criminal offence, a non-specified fine can be imposed. (Articles 166.27, 166.28, 166.29, 166.30, 166.31, 166.33 of the Administrative Violations Code (1985, last amended in 2015) Articles 325-326 of the Criminal Law (1998, last amended in 2015))
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. Administrative sanctions range from a fine (up to a maximum of €350) to, in some instances, a suspension or prohibition from holding office. (Articles 166.27, 166.28, 166.29, 166.30, 166.31, 166.33 of the Administrative Violations Code (1985, last amended in 2015))
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. For a State Official, who holds a responsible position, who commits intentional violation of the restrictions or prohibitions imposed on State officials specified by law, if substantial harm has been caused thereby to the interests of the State or of the public, or to interests protected by law of a person, the applicable punishment is deprivation of liberty for a term not exceeding five years or temporary deprivation of liberty, or community service, or a fine, with or without confiscation of property and with deprivation of the right to engage in specific employment or to take up a specific office for a term not exceeding five years. For a State Official, who holds a responsible position, who commits facilitating property transactions or participating in such transactions, if commission thereof is for purposes of acquiring property or due to other personal interest by a State official who, in connection with his or her official position, is prohibited from such transactions by law, the applicable punishment is deprivation of liberty for a term not exceeding three years or temporary deprivation of liberty, or community service, or a fine, with or without confiscation of property and with deprivation of the right to engage in specific employment or to take up a specific office for a term not exceeding five years. (Articles 325-326 of the Criminal Law (1998, last amended in 2015))

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) Yes. Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau control implementation of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest. (Secion 7 of the Law on Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau (2002, as last amended in 2011))
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) Yes. The State Revenue Service is entrusted with investigative and sanctioning attributions. (Chapter 4 of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))

Ministers

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest No. Absent from legal framework.
Accepting gifts Yes. A public official in fulfilling the duties of office is permitted to accept gifts if they are diplomatic gifts or they are presented: 1) within the framework of State, official and working visits in Latvia or abroad; 2) by officials of foreign states or international organisations to the public officials working in diplomatic and consular missions of the Republic of Latvia; 3) to a public official as a representative of the State or local government authority on public holidays and on days of commemoration and celebration; 4) to a public official by the State or local government authority in which the relevant person fulfils the duties of the office. Within the meaning of this Law, a gift is any financial or other kind of benefits (including services, granting and transfer of rights, release from obligations, waiver of a right, as well as other activities the result of which a benefit is created), the beneficiary of which directly or indirectly is the public official. (Section 13-13(1) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. A public official shall not obtain income from capital shares and stock, as well as from any kind of securities in commercial companies that are registered in tax-free or low-tax countries and territories in accordance with Cabinet regulations (Section 9(3) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. The Ministers shall not be the shareholders, stockholders and partners of such commercial companies or such individual merchants as receive orders for procurement for State and local government needs, State financial resources, State-guaranteed credits or State privatisation fund resources, except the cases where they are granted as a result of an open competition. (Section 10(1) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Holding government contracts Yes. Members of the Saeima shall not be the shareholders, stockholders and partners of such commercial companies or such individual merchants as receive orders for procurement for State and local government needs, State financial resources, State-guaranteed credits or State privatisation fund resources, except the cases where they are granted as a result of an open competition. Members of the Saeima may not, either personally or in the name of another person, receive government contracts or concessions. The provisions of this Article shall apply to Ministers even if they are not members of the Saeima. (Section 10(1) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015) Article 32 of the Constitution (1922, last amended in 2007))
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm No. Absent from legal framework.
Post-employment Yes. A public official, for two years after he or she has ceased to perform the duties of the relevant office of the public official in a State or local government authority, is prohibited to obtain the property of such merchant, as well as to become a shareholder, stockholder, partner or hold an office in those commercial companies, in relation to which during performing his or her duties this public official has taken decisions on procurement for State or local government needs, allocation of State or local government resources and State or local government privatisation fund resources or has performed supervision, control or punitive functions. (Section 10(7) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. Public officials are permitted to combine an office of the public official with another office, in the performance of a work-performance contract or authorisation if restrictions on the combining of the offices of the public official are not provided for in this Law or other laws and regulations. Ministers are permitted to combine their office as public officials only with: 1) offices that they hold in accordance with laws, or international agreements ratified by the Saeima; 2) offices in a trade union, an association or foundation, a political party, a political party union or a religious organisation; 3) the work of a teacher, scientist, doctor, professional athlete and creative work; 4) other offices or work in the Saeima or the Cabinet, if such is specified in decisions of the Saeima and its institutions, or regulations or orders of the Cabinet; 5) offices that they hold in international organisations and institutions if such has been determined by a decision of the Saeima, Cabinet regulations or orders. (Section 6(1)-7(2) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from legal framework.
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector No. Absent from legal framework.

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. For administrative offence, a fine up to €355 can be imposed. For criminal offence, a non-specified fine can be imposed. (Articles 166.27, 166.28, 166.29, 166.30, 166.31, 166.33 of the Administrative Violations Code (1985, last amended in 2010) Articles 325-326 of the Criminal Law (1998, last amended 2015))
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. Administrative sanctions range from a fine (up to a maximum €350 EUR) to, in some instances, a suspension or prohibition from holding office. (Articles 166.27, 166.28, 166.29, 166.30, 166.31, 166.33 of the Administrative Violations Code (1985, last amended in 2010))
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. For a State Official, who holds a responsible position, who commits intentional violation of the restrictions or prohibitions imposed on State officials specified by law, if substantial harm has been caused thereby to the interests of the State or of the public, or to interests protected by law of a person, the applicable punishment is deprivation of liberty for a term not exceeding five years or temporary deprivation of liberty, or community service, or a fine, with or without confiscation of property and with deprivation of the right to engage in specific employment or to take up a specific office for a term not exceeding five years. For a State Official, who holds a responsible position, who commits facilitating property transactions or participating in such transactions, if commission thereof is for purposes of acquiring property or due to other personal interest by a State official who, in connection with his or her official position, is prohibited from such transactions by law, the applicable punishment is deprivation of liberty for a term not exceeding three years or temporary deprivation of liberty, or community service, or a fine, with or without confiscation of property and with deprivation of the right to engage in specific employment or to take up a specific office for a term not exceeding five years. (Articles 325-326 of the Criminal Law (1998, last amended 2015))

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) Yes. Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau control implementation of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest. (Secion 7 of the Law on Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau (2002, as last amended in 2011))
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) Yes. The State Revenue Service is entrusted with investigative and sanctioning attributions. (Chapter 4 of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))

Members of Parliament

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest No. Absent from legal framework.
Accepting gifts Yes. A public official in fulfilling the duties of office is permitted to accept gifts if they are diplomatic gifts or they are presented: 1) within the framework of State, official and working visits in Latvia or abroad; 2) by officials of foreign states or international organisations to the public officials working in diplomatic and consular missions of the Republic of Latvia; 3) to a public person on public holidays and on days of commemoration and celebration; 4) to a public person in which the relevant person fulfils the duties of the office. Within the meaning of this Law, a gift is any financial or other kind of benefits (including services, granting and transfer of rights, release from obligations, waiver of a right, as well as other activities the result of which a benefit is created), the beneficiary of which directly or indirectly is the public official. (Section 13-13(1) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. A public official shall not obtain income from capital shares and stock, as well as from any kind of securities in commercial companies that are registered in tax-free or low-tax countries and territories in accordance with Cabinet regulations (Section 9(3) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. Members of the Saeima shall not be the shareholders, stockholders and partners of such commercial companies or such individual merchants as receive orders for procurement for State and local government needs, State financial resources, State-guaranteed credits or State privatisation fund resources, except the cases where they are granted as a result of an open competition. (Section 10(1) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Holding government contracts Yes. Members of the Saeima shall not be the shareholders, stockholders and partners of such commercial companies or such individual merchants as receive orders for procurement for State and local government needs, State financial resources, State-guaranteed credits or State privatisation fund resources, except the cases where they are granted as a result of an open competition. Members of the Saeima may not, either personally or in the name of another person, receive government contracts or concessions. (Section 10(1) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015) Article 32 of the Constitution (1922, last amended in 2007))
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm No. Absent from legal framework.
Post-employment Yes. A public official, for two years after he or she has ceased to perform the duties of the relevant office of the public official in a State or local government authority, is prohibited to obtain the property of such merchant, as well as to become a shareholder, stockholder, partner or hold an office in those commercial companies, in relation to which during performing his or her duties this public official has taken decisions on procurement for State or local government needs, allocation of State or local government resources and State or local government privatisation fund resources or has performed supervision, control or punitive functions. (Section 10(7) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. Public officials are permitted to combine an office of the public official with another office, in the performance of a work-performance contract or authorisation if restrictions on the combining of the offices of the public official are not provided for in this Law or other laws and regulations. Members of the Saeima are permitted to combine their office as public officials only with: 1) offices that they hold in accordance with laws, or international agreements ratified by the Saeima; 2) offices in a trade union, an association or foundation, a political party, a political party union or a religious organisation; 3) the work of a teacher, scientist, doctor, professional athlete and creative work; 4) other offices or work in the Saeima or the Cabinet, if such is specified in decisions of the Saeima and its institutions, or regulations or orders of the Cabinet; 5) offices that they hold in international organisations and institutions if such has been determined by a decision of the Saeima, Cabinet regulations or orders. (Section 6(1)-7(2) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from legal framework.
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector No. Absent from legal framework.

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. For administrative offence, a fine up to €350 can be imposed. For criminal offence, a non-specified fine can be imposed. (Articles 166.27, 166.28, 166.29, 166.30, 166.31, 166.33 of the Administrative Violations Code (1985, last amended in 2015) Articles 325-326 of the Criminal Law (1998, last amended in 2015))
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. Administrative sanctions range from a fine (up to a maximum €355 EUR) to, in some instances, a suspension or prohibition from holding office. (Articles 166.27, 166.28, 166.29, 166.30, 166.31, 166.33 of the Administrative Violations Code (1985, last amended in 2015))
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. For a State Official, who holds a responsible position, who commits intentional violation of the restrictions or prohibitions imposed on State officials specified by law, if substantial harm has been caused thereby to the interests of the State or of the public, or to interests protected by law of a person, the applicable punishment is deprivation of liberty for a term not exceeding five years or temporary deprivation of liberty, or community service, or a fine, with or without confiscation of property and with deprivation of the right to engage in specific employment or to take up a specific office for a term not exceeding five years. For a State Official, who holds a responsible position, who commits facilitating property transactions or participating in such transactions, if commission thereof is for purposes of acquiring property or due to other personal interest by a State official who, in connection with his or her official position, is prohibited from such transactions by law, the applicable punishment is deprivation of liberty for a term not exceeding three years or temporary deprivation of liberty, or community service, or a fine, with or without confiscation of property and with deprivation of the right to engage in specific employment or to take up a specific office for a term not exceeding five years. (Articles 325-326 of the Criminal Law (1998, last amended in 2015))

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) Yes. Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau control implementation of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest. (Secion 7 of the Law on Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau (2002, as last amended in 2011))
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) Yes. The State Revenue Service is entrusted with investigative and sanctioning attributions. (Chapter 4 of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))

Civil servants

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest No. Absent from legal framework.
Accepting gifts Yes. A public official in fulfilling the duties of office is permitted to accept gifts if they are diplomatic gifts or they are presented: 1) within the framework of State, official and working visits in Latvia or abroad; 2) by officials of foreign states or international organisations to the public officials working in diplomatic and consular missions of the Republic of Latvia; 3) to a public official as a representative of the State or local government authority on public holidays and on days of commemoration and celebration; 4) to a public official by the State or local government authority in which the relevant person fulfils the duties of the office. Within the meaning of this Law, a gift is any financial or other kind of benefits (including services, granting and transfer of rights, release from obligations, waiver of a right, as well as other activities the result of which a benefit is created), the beneficiary of which directly or indirectly is the public official. (Section 13-13(1) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. A public official shall not obtain income from capital shares and stock, as well as from any kind of securities in commercial companies that are registered in tax-free or low-tax countries and territories in accordance with Cabinet regulations (Section 9(3) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) No. Absent from legal framework.
Holding government contracts No. Absent from legal framework.
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm No. Absent from legal framework.
Post-employment Yes. A public official, for two years after he or she has ceased to perform the duties of the relevant office of the public official in a State or local government authority, is prohibited to obtain the property of such merchant, as well as to become a shareholder, stockholder, partner or hold an office in those commercial companies, in relation to which during performing his or her duties this public official has taken decisions on procurement for State or local government needs, allocation of State or local government resources and State or local government privatisation fund resources or has performed supervision, control or punitive functions. (Section 10(7) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. Public officials are permitted to combine an office of the public official with another office, in the performance of a work-performance contract or authorisation if restrictions on the combining of the offices of the public official are not provided for in this Law or other laws and regulations. Civil servants may combine the office of public official only with: 1) offices which such persons hold in conformity with laws, and Cabinet regulations and orders; 2) the work of teacher, scientist, doctor, professional athlete and creative work; 3) other offices, in the performance of a work-performance contract or the fulfilment of authorisations if combination thereof does not result in a conflict of interests and written permission of the head of the relevant State or local government institution or a person authorised by him or her has been received; 4) economic activity in the status of an individual merchant, or by registering with the State Revenue Service as a person performing economic activity in accordance the Law On Personal Income Tax, if such combination does not create a conflict of interest and a written permission of the head of the relevant State or local government authority or of his or her authorised person has been received. (Section 6(1)-7(6) of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from legal framework.
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector No. Absent from legal framework.

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. For administrative offence, a fine up to €350 can be imposed. For criminal offence, a non-specified fine can be imposed. (Articles 166.27, 166.28, 166.29, 166.30, 166.31, 166.33 of the Administrative Violations Code (1985, last amended in 2015) Articles 325-326 of the Criminal Law (1998, last amended in 2015))
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. Administrative sanctions range from a fine (up to a maximum €350 EUR) to, in some instances, a suspension or prohibition from holding office. (Articles 166.27, 166.28, 166.29, 166.30, 166.31, 166.33 of the Administrative Violations Code (1985, last amended in 2015))
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. For a State Official, who holds a responsible position, who commits intentional violation of the restrictions or prohibitions imposed on State officials specified by law, if substantial harm has been caused thereby to the interests of the State or of the public, or to interests protected by law of a person, the applicable punishment is deprivation of liberty for a term not exceeding five years or temporary deprivation of liberty, or community service, or a fine, with or without confiscation of property and with deprivation of the right to engage in specific employment or to take up a specific office for a term not exceeding five years. For a State Official, who holds a responsible position, who commits facilitating property transactions or participating in such transactions, if commission thereof is for purposes of acquiring property or due to other personal interest by a State official who, in connection with his or her official position, is prohibited from such transactions by law, the applicable punishment is deprivation of liberty for a term not exceeding three years or temporary deprivation of liberty, or community service, or a fine, with or without confiscation of property and with deprivation of the right to engage in specific employment or to take up a specific office for a term not exceeding five years. (Articles 325-326 of the Criminal Law (1998, last amended in 2015))

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) Yes. Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau control implementation of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest. (Secion 7 of the Law on Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau (2002, as last amended in 2011))
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) Yes. The State Revenue Service is entrusted with investigative and sanctioning attributions. (Chapter 4 of the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials (2002, last amended in 2015))

Qualitative data for 2016


Legislation

Administrative Violations Code, 1985, amended in 2015 (Latvian)pdf
Constitution, 1922, amended in 2007 (English)pdf
Criminal Law, 1998, amended in 2015 (Latvian)pdf
Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in activities of Public Officials, 2002, amended in 2015 (Latvian)pdf
Law on Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau, 2002, amended 2011 (English)pdf

Freedom of Information

Latvia's legal freedom of information framework is primarily governed by its Constitution (1922) and Freedom of Information Law (1998, amended 2009). The purpose of the Law is to ensure that the public has access to information, which is at the disposal of institutions or which an institution has a duty to create. An institution is defined as every institution, as well as persons who implement administrative functions.

Specific exemptions to disclosure are outlined in the aforementioned FOI law, Law on Official Secrets (1996), and Personal Data Protection Law (2000). No public interest test exists whereby exemptions to disclosure may be overridden in cases where disclosure of information benefits the public interest.

Appeals may be filed with public authorities and with the courts. There is no appeals process through an independent non-judicial mechanism, such as an information commissioner.   

There are no sanctions specified in the law for violations of FOI provisions, nor are there any enforcement or oversight bodies tasked with managing implementation.


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

201220152016Trend
Scope and Coverage939393
Information access and release888888
Exceptions and Overrides676767
Sanctions for non-compliance000
Monitoring and Oversight000

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Scope and Coverage

Scope of disclosure

Existence of legal right to access Yes. Everyone has the right to freedom of expression which includes the right to freely receive, keep and distribute information and to express their views. Censorship is prohibited (Article 100, Constitution of Latvia, 1922)
"Information" or "Documents" is defined Yes. 1) information – information or compilations of information, in any technically possible form of fixation, storage or transfer; (Article 1 of the Freedom of Information Law, 1998, amended 2015)
Proactive disclosure is specified Yes. 1. These Regulations prescribe the procedures, by which institutions shall place information on the Internet in order to ensure availability thereof. 2. These Regulations shall apply to institutions of direct administration and to derived public persons, except for local government institutions. (Cabinet Regulation No.171 Procedures by which Institutions Place Information on the Internet, 2007, amended 2010)

Coverage of public and private sectors

Executive branch Yes. The purpose of the law is to ensure that the public has access to information which is held by an institution or a body under its jurisdiction are obliged to. This Act provides for a single procedure in which individuals are entitled to obtain information and authority to use it. This Law applies to documented information that the institutions of information circulation. An institution is defined as every institution, as well as persons who implement administration functions and tasks if such person in the circulation of information is associated with the implementation of the relevant functions and tasks. (Articles 1 and 2 of the Freedom of Information Law, 1998, amended 2015)
Legislative branch Yes. The purpose of the law is to ensure that the public has access to information which is held by an institution or a body under its jurisdiction are obliged to. This Act provides for a single procedure in which individuals are entitled to obtain information and authority to use it. This Law applies to documented information that the institutions of information circulation. An institution is defined as every institution, as well as persons who implement administration functions and tasks if such person in the circulation of information is associated with the implementation of the relevant functions and tasks. (Articles 1 and 2 of the Freedom of Information Law, 1998, amended 2015)
Judicial branch Yes. The purpose of the law is to ensure that the public has access to information which is held by an institution or a body under its jurisdiction are obliged to. This Act provides for a single procedure in which individuals are entitled to obtain information and authority to use it. This Law applies to documented information that the institutions of information circulation. An institution is defined as every institution, as well as persons who implement administration functions and tasks if such person in the circulation of information is associated with the implementation of the relevant functions and tasks. (Articles 1 and 2 of the Freedom of Information Law, 1998, amended 2015)
Other public bodies Yes. The purpose of the law is to ensure that the public has access to information which is held by an institution or a body under its jurisdiction are obliged to. This Act provides for a single procedure in which individuals are entitled to obtain information and authority to use it. This Law applies to documented information that the institutions of information circulation. An institution is defined as every institution, as well as persons who implement administration functions and tasks if such person in the circulation of information is associated with the implementation of the relevant functions and tasks. (Articles 1 and 2 of the Freedom of Information Law, 1998, amended 2015)
Private sector No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Access to specific documents (subject to reactive and/or proactive disclosure)

Draft legal instruments Yes. The government has to inform the society of its actions. The meetings of the Cabinet are open and their agenda, minutes, and drafts of regulatory enactments must be published on the webpage of the Cabinet. The ministries are responsible for informing the society of drafts of legal enactments. The procedure is further governed by the Cabinet's internal instructions. (Article 29 of the Cabinet Structure Law, 2008, amended 2014 Article 17 of the Cabinet Regulation No.300, Rules of Procedure of the Cabinet, 2009, amended 2014)
Enacted legal instruments Yes. Every law and Cabinet Regulation and President act must be published in the official newspaper.Cabinet decisions and Prime Minister's orders must be published in the official newspaper unless otherwise provided therein. (Official Publications and legal information law, 2012)
Annual budgets Yes. The state budget has to be regularly published in a comprehensible and easily understandable form. Every institution has to publish its budget on their reggaes a month after the adoption of the state's annual one. Local governments have to make their budgets available. (Article 14 of the Law on Budget and Financial Management, 1994)
Annual chart of accounts (actual expenditures) Yes. Institutions prepare public reports regarding their activities and use of budget resources Government institutions prepare annual public reports on aims and results of the activities of the institution and its use of budget funding until 1 July of the year following the financial year and afterwards publish them on their webpages in a month's time. (Article 94 of the State Administration Structure law, 2002 Article 14 of the Law on Budget and Financial Management, 1994 )
Annual reports of public entities and programs Yes. Institutions prepare public reports regarding their activities and use of budget resources Government institutions prepare annual public reports on aims and results of the activities of the institution and its use of budget funding until 1 July of the year following the financial year and afterwards publish them on their webpages in one month period. (Article 94 of the State Administration Structure law, 2002 Article 14 of the Law on Budget and Financial Management, 1994 )

Information access and release

Procedural access

Universal access (agencies, citizens and non-citizens) Yes. (1) The purpose of this Law is to ensure that the public has access to information, which is at the disposal of institutions or which an institution in conformity with its competence has a duty to create. This Law determines uniform procedures by which private persons are entitled to obtain information from an institution and to utilise it. (Article 2 of the Freedom of Information Law, 1998, amended 2015)
Type of request is specified (written, electronic, oral) Yes. Information may be requested in writing, orally or electronically. (Article 11 of the Freedom of Information Law, 1998, amended 2015)
Assistance to requesters must be provided by law (includes barriers due to language differences, illiteracy, complexity of requests, etc.) No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Cost of access is specified (free, request fees, photocopying costs, other administrative costs) Yes. The fee for the provision of information should not exceed the document or information search, additional processing and reproduction costs. Do not include any other costs incurred in dealing with legal and political issues related to reply to the request for information. Every applicant for information may request exemption from the fee for the service. The Cabinet shall determine the cases in which an individual is reduced fees for the provision of information or remitted. The procedures by which pays for the provision of information, as well as paid services and the amount determined by the Cabinet. Fees for requested information are mandated only if additional processing is required (searching, copying, etc.). The paid services for providing information, their prices and persons who are exempted of payments or pay at a reduced rate, are specified in Cabinet Regulations. (Article 13 of the Freedom of Information Law, 1998, amended 2015 Articles 3, 4, 5 and 6 of the Cabinet Regulation No. 940, Regulations regarding Paid Services for the Provision of Information, 2006)

Deadlines for release of information

20-day response deadline Yes. A person has to receive the information requested in 7 or 10 days time (based on the volume of the requested information) or receive a notice of extension of the period in 15 days' time. (Article 14 of the Freedom of Information Law, 1998, amended 2015)
Agency granted right to extend response time Yes. Response time can be extended for a period that would lead to an overall response time of 30 days. (Article 14 of the Freedom of Information Law, 1998, amended 2015)
Maximum total response time of no more than 40 days Yes. Response time can be extended for a period that would lead to an overall response time of 30 days. (Article 14 of the Freedom of Information Law, 1998, amended 2015)

Exceptions and Overrides

Exemptions to disclosure

Existence of secrecy/states secrets law Yes. Law on Official Secrets, 1996 (Law on Official Secrets, 1996, amended 2013)
Existence of personal privacy/data law Yes. Personal Data Protection Law, 2000 (Personal Data Protection Law, 2000, amended 2014)
Specific exemptions to disclosure Yes. Information exemptions are categorized as information of restricted access and generally accessible information. Restricted access information is exempt from coverage. Information regarding private secrets and private life are also exempt of generally accessible information. State secrets are also exempt from generally accessible information. (Articles 5-8 of the Freedom of Information Law, 1998, amended 2015 Articles 9 and 12 of the Law on Official Secrets, 1996, amended 2014)
Public Interest test: Specified exemptions to disclosure may be overridden in cases where disclosure of information benefits the public interest.

Appeals

Appeals allowed within public entities Yes. There is a right of internal appeal to the head of the institution. (Article 15 of the Freedom of Information Law, 1998, amended 2015 Administrative Procedure Law, 2001, amended 2013)
Independent, non-judicial appeals mechanism, e.g., information commissioner. Does not include Ombudsman unless appeals decisions are binding. No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Judicial appeals mechanism Yes. Administrative District Court decisios can be appealed in cassation to the Supreme Court Senate's Department of Administrative Cases. (Article 15 of the Freedom of Information Law, 1998, amended 2015 Administrative Procedure Law, 2001, amended 2013)

Sanctions for non-compliance

Administrative sanctions are specified for violations of disclosure requirements No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Fines are specified for violations of disclosure requirements No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Criminal sanctions are specified for violations of disclosure requirements No. Absent from legal framework. (General)

Monitoring and Oversight

Information officers must be appointed in public agencies No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Public body that is responsible for applying sanctions No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Public body that is responsible for public outreach (raising public awareness) No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Nodal agency for RTI (implementation support/compliance within public sector). Does not include Ombudsman. No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Ombudsman involvement in implementation is specified by law No. Absent from legal framework. (General)
Reporting of data and/or implementation is required No. Absent from legal framework.

Qualitative data for 2016


Legislation

Constitution of Latvia, 1922, amended 2014 (English)pdf
Freedom of Information Law, 1998, amended 2015 (Latvian)pdf
Cabinet Regulation No.171 Procedures by which Institutions Place Information on the Internet, 2007, amended 2013 (Latvian)pdf
Cabinet Structure Law, 2008, amended 2014 (Latvian)pdf
Official Publications and legal information law, 2012, amended 2015 (Latvian)pdf
Law on Budget and Financial Management, 1994, amended 2015 (Latvian)pdf
State Administration Structure law, 2002, amended 2015 (Latvian)pdf
Cabinet Regulation No. 940, Regulations regarding Paid Services for the Provision of Information, 2006, amended 2013 (Latvian)pdf
Law on Official Secrets, 1996, amended 2014 (Latvian)pdf
Personal Data Protection Law, 2000, amended 2014 (English)pdf
Administrative Procedure Law, 2001, amended 2013 (Latvian)pdf

Public Procurement

The Latvian public procurement system is regulated primarily by the Public Procurement Law and the Law on Procurement for the Needs of Public Utilities Providers. The public procurement body is the Procurement Monitoring Bureau which is an organization under the Ministry of Finance. 

The lowest minimum thresholds for conducting a public procurement tender are:

LVL 3000 (ca. EUR 4500) for goods

LVL 10000 (ca. EUR 15000) for works

LVL 3000 (ca. EUR 4500)  for services

The minimum number of bidders is 5 for restricted procedures and 3 for negotiated procedures. The minimum submission period is 52 days for open procedures, 40 days for restricted procedures and 37 for negotiated procedures from dispatch date. The final beneficial owners do not have to be disclosed when placing a bid.

There is no case for preferential treatment, but contracting authorities can prescribe environmental considerations through the evaluation criteria. 

There are several options for bid exclusion: corruption, violation of environmental enactments, bankruptcy, liquidation, false information, outstanding tax or social security contribution. Bids can be also excluded because of abnormally low bid prices.

In the bid evaluation phase, there are conflict of interest restrictions on the composition of the evaluation committee. However, no form of independence from the contracting authority is mandated for the evaluation committee.

There is a payable fee in case of an arbitration procedure, which depends on the object of the case. Court decisions are publicly released.


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

201220152016Trend
Scope7676
Information availability9393
Evaluation7575
Open competition7878
Institutional arrangements7777

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Scope

Threshold - lowest PP

What is the minimum contract value above which the public procurement law is applied? (Product type GOODS) EUR 4000. above threshold, mandatory use of simplified procedure (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 8 (2))
What is the minimum contract value above which the public procurement law is applied? (Product type WORKS) EUR 14000. above threshold, mandatory use of simplified procedure (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 8 (2))
What is the minimum contract value above which the public procurement law is applied? (Product type SERVICES) EUR 4000. above threshold, mandatory use of simplified procedure (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 8 (2))

Threshold - by PP type

What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Entity: PUBLIC SECTOR) EUR 42000. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 8 (2))
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Entity: UTILITIES) EUR 414000. EU threshold (Public Service Providers Procurement Law 2010, Section 13)
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Entity: DEFENCE) EUR 134000. This Law shall apply to contracts in the field of defence. The commissioning party, if necessary, is entitled not to apply this Law to contracts, which are intended for military purposes and the subject-matter of which is goods of military nature, which are referred to in a specific list pursuant to Article 296 of the Treaty establishing the European Community. The Cabinet shall decide regarding these individual cases. (Defence and Security Sector Procurement Law 2011, Section 7)

Threshold - by product type

What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Product type GOODS) EUR 42000. notices must have the same content as those above EU thresholds (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 8 (2))
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Product type WORKS) EUR 170000. notices must have the same content as those above EU thresholds (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 8 (2))
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Product type SERVICES) EUR 42000. notices must have the same content as those above EU thresholds (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 8 (2))

Information availability

Publishing and record keeping

Which are the documents which are published in full? general information (id number, CA, submission and opening of tenders, tender security, requirements) information regarding the subject-matter of the procedure (description and amount, technical specifications, time and location, other info), requirements to participate, requirements of capacity, selection criteria and evaluation criteria, draft of procurement contract or framework agreement. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 51, Section 28, referred to Directive 2014/24, Annex V, part C)
Are any of these documents published online at a central place? yes. Procurement Monitoring Bureau (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 25)
Is it mandatory to keep these records? Public notices of bidding opportunities, Bidding documents and addenda, Bid opening records, Bid evaluation reports, Formal appeals by bidders and outcomes, Final signed contract documents and addenda and amendments, Claims and dispute resolutions, Final payments, Disbursement data (as required by the country’s financial management system) yes. 10 years (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 36)
Are contracts awarded within a framework agreement published? yes. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Sections 28)

Sub-contracting

Is it mandatory to publish information on subcontractors in some cases? yes. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 20)
If yes, above what proportion of subcontracted value is it mandatory? full disclosure, but maximum of 70% should be transferred to subcontractors (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 20)

Evaluation

Preferential treatment

Is there a ban on mentioning specific companies or products in tender specification/call for tender? yes. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 25)
Are there restrictions on allowable grounds for tenderer exclusion? yes. Closed list: corruption, violation of regulatory enactments (e.g. environmental), bankruptcy or liquidation, false info in the tender, outstanding tax or social security contributions (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 39)
Is there a preferential treatment for small-to-medium enterprises (SMEs)? no. 0 (no mention)
Is there a preferential treatment for local/national companies? (companies from other EU MS are considered foreign companies) no. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 15)
Is there a specific set of rules for green/sustainable procurement? yes. CA could set environmental considerations among MEAT criteria (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 17)
Are some bids automatically excluded such as lowest/highest price; unusually low price, etc. yes. unjustifiably low cost (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 46)

Bid evaluation

Is scoring criteria published and explicit? yes. lowest price or MEAT (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 46)
Can evaluation decision be made by a single person (as opposed to a committee)? no. 3 people for contract value below 500,000; 5 people for contract value above 500,000 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 22)
Are there regulations on evaluation committee composition to prevent conflict of interest? yes. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 23)
If yes, what is banned? for personal connections with participants or tenderers, close relatives or share holding. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 23)
Is some part of evaluation comitee mandatorily independent of contracting authority? no. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 22)
Are scoring results recorded and publicly available? yes. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 32)
Under which conditions can the tender be cancelled? if no tenders or applications are not submitted, if no tender or bidder fulfils requirements or if there's objective justification. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 38)

Open competition

CFT publication

Where should the call for tenders be published? (Procedure type: OPEN) TED and national webportal Procurement Monitoring Bureau.. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 26-28)
Where should the call for tenders be published? (Procedure type: RESTRICTED) TED and national webportal Procurement Monitoring Bureau.. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 26-28)
Where should the call for tenders be published? (Procedure type: NEGOTIATED) TED and national webportal Procurement Monitoring Bureau.. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 26-28)

Minimum # of bidders

If there is a minimum number of bidders stipulated, under what conditions? RESTRICTED 5. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 37(7))
If there is a minimum number of bidders stipulated, under what conditions? NEGOTIATED 3. (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 37(7))
If there is a minimum number of bidders stipulated, under what conditions? COMPETITIVE DIALOGUE Not specified.

Bidding period length

What are the minimum number of days for advertisement required? (Procedure type: OPEN) 52. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 29(2))
What are the minimum number of days for advertisement required? (Procedure type: RESTRICTED) 40. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 29(6))
What are the minimum number of days for advertisement required? (Procedure type: NEGOTIATED) 37. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 29(3))

Institutional arrangements

Institutions and regulations

What are the main EXCEPTIONS preventing the application of the public procurement law for tenders/organisations? main ones are. purchase or lease of land, broadcasting, arbitration and conciliation services, financial services for the management of monetary policy and Central Bank, employment contracts, scientific research services, (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 3)
What are the main types of institutions which have to apply the public procurement law? A State or local government institution, a local government, other derived public person or institution thereof, as well as a legal person governed by private law, which concurrently conforms with the following criteria: a) is established or operates in order to ensure the needs of the public, which are not of commercial or industrial nature; and b) is subordinate or subject to the decisive influence of a State or local government institution, a local government, other derived public person or institution thereof, or subject to the decisive influence of a legal person governed by private law conforming to these criteria (this influence manifests as the majority of voting rights upon electing the members of the supervisory or executive authority or upon appointment of the administration) or more than 50 per cent of financing for activities of such legal person governed by private law comes from the State, local government, other derived public person, institution thereof or another legal person governed by private law conforming to these criteria.. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 1 (10))
What are the main procedure types or procurement methods permitted by law? open competition (open procedure), closed competition (restricted procedure), price quotation (competitive dialogue?), negotiated procedure and design contest. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 8(1))
Is there a procurement arbitration court dedicated to public procurement cases? yes. Procurement Monitoring Bureau (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 85)
Is there a procurement regulatory body dedicated to public procurement? yes. (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Sections 22)
Is the procurement regulatory body independent? yes.
Is the procurement advisors' profession legally defined (i.e. degree to be obtained, official list of members of the professional association) and its role in the tendering procedure described (e.g. right to draft tender documentations, conduct market research identifying bidders)? yes. for the members of the Procurement Commission (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 22)
Is disclosure of final, beneficial owners required for placing a bid? no. 0

Complaints

Is there a fee for arbitration procedure? yes. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 83 2)
If yes, how much depending on the object of the case. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 83)
Is there a ban on contract signature until arbitration court decision (first instance court)? yes. Yes. "There is a procurement Monitoring Bureau that does what an arbitration court would do as regards redressing issues pertaining to public procurement complaints, such as calling expert witnesses, conducting investigations, monitoring to ensure conformity with the law, etc. However, international arbitration is allowed, but specifics about this is not available in the law." (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 83)
What is the maximum number of days until arbitration court decision from filing a complaint? one month. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 84)
Are arbitration court decisions required to be publicly released? yes. 0 (Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014, Section 84)

Qualitative data for 2016


Legislation

Public Procurement Law 2007, amended 2014 DELETE IT'S THE WRONG VERSIONmissing file: