EUROPAM

European Public Accountability Mechanisms

Greece

Country score (European Average*)
  • 94(67) Political Financing
  • 66(50) Financial Disclosure
  • 26(41) Conflict of Interest
  • 35(56) Freedom of Information
  • 51(65) Public Procurement

Country Facts

IncomeHigh
GNI per capita (2011 PPP $)26,790
Population, total10,823,732
Urban population (% of total)78.0
Internet users (per 100 people)63.2
Life expectancy at birth (years)81.0
Mean years of schooling (years)10.3
Global Competitiveness Index4
Sources: World Bank, UNDP, WEF.

Political Financing

The main laws regulating the financing of political parties in Greece are Law 3202/2003, Law 3023.2002, Law 3242/2004 and Law 3274/2004. There was also a recent amending law (Law (4304/2014)).

There are comprehensive limits on the private income of political parties. There are bans on donations from foreign entities, corporations, trade unions and anonymous donors. There are also limits on the amount that can be donated to political parties and candidates both during and outside of election periods.

Public funding is available for political parties and is allocated based on the share of votes in the previous election, the representation in the elected body and the participation in the election. There is also free access to the media which is allocated based on the number of candidates and the share of votes in the previous election. Indirect public funding is available in the form of premises for campaign meetings and space for campaign materials. 

There are regulations on spending which includes a ban on vote buying and a ban on state resources being used in favour or against a political party or candidate. There are limits on the amount political parties and candidates can spend.

Parties are required to regularly report on their finances. Reports must include details on finances in relation to election campaigns and must include the identity of donors in some cases. Reports must be made public. Reports are overseen by the Expenditure Audit Committee. There are sanctions for those breaching the provisions of the law in the form of fines, forfeiture, loss of elected office and sanctions under the criminal law.


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

201220152016Trend
Bans and limits on private income83100100
Public funding627575
Regulations on spending100100100
Reporting, oversight and sanctions92100100

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Bans and limits on private income

Bans on donations from foreign interests

Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties? Yes. Article 7 (6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/2014). The following entities are banned to receive any kind of state resources: a) natural persons who don't have greek nationality and legal persons that are not established in greek territory; b) legal person governed by public law and working in public sector; c) organizations from local governance from all levels; d) natural persons who are owners or publishers of national or local press, magazines, television stations, and radio stations. (Article 7(6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/ 2014))
Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates? Yes. Article 7 (6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/2014). The following entities are banned to receive any kind of state resources: a) natural persons who don't have greek nationality and legal persons that are not established in greek territory; b) legal person governed by public law and working in public sector; c) organizations from local governance from all levels; d) natural persons who are owners or publishers of national or local press, magazines, television stations, and radio stations. (Article 7(6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/ 2014))

Bans on corporate donations

Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties? Yes. Article 7 (6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/2014). The following entities are banned to receive any kind of state resources: a) natural persons who don't have greek nationality and legal persons that are not established in greek territory; b) legal person governed by public law and working in public sector; c) organizations from local governance from all levels; d) natural persons who are owners or publishers of national or local press, magazines, television stations, and radio stations. (Article 7(6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/ 2014))
Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates? Yes. Article 7 (6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/2014). The following entities are banned to receive any kind of state resources: a) natural persons who don't have greek nationality and legal persons that are not established in greek territory; b) legal person governed by public law and working in public sector; c) organizations from local governance from all levels; d) natural persons who are owners or publishers of national or local press, magazines, television stations, and radio stations. (Article 7(6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/ 2014))
Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties? Yes. Article 7 (6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/2014). The following entities are banned to receive any kind of state resources: a) natural persons who don't have greek nationality and legal persons that are not established in greek territory; b) legal person governed by public law and working in public sector; c) organizations from local governance from all levels; d) natural persons who are owners or publishers of national or local press, magazines, television stations, and radio stations. (Article 7(6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/ 2014))
Is there a ban on donations from corporations of partial government ownership to political parties? Yes. Article 7 (6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/2014). The following entities are banned to receive any kind of state resources: a) natural persons who don't have greek nationality and legal persons that are not established in greek territory; b) legal person governed by public law and working in public sector; c) organizations from local governance from all levels; d) natural persons who are owners or publishers of national or local press, magazines, television stations, and radio stations. (Article 7(6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/ 2014))
Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates? Yes. Article 7 (6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/2014). The following entities are banned to receive any kind of state resources: a) natural persons who don't have greek nationality and legal persons that are not established in greek territory; b) legal person governed by public law and working in public sector; c) organizations from local governance from all levels; d) natural persons who are owners or publishers of national or local press, magazines, television stations, and radio stations. (Article 7(6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/ 2014))
Is there a ban on donations from corporations of partial government ownership to candidates? Yes. Article 7 (6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/2014). The following entities are banned to receive any kind of state resources: a) natural persons who don't have greek nationality and legal persons that are not established in greek territory; b) legal person governed by public law and working in public sector; c) organizations from local governance from all levels; d) natural persons who are owners or publishers of national or local press, magazines, television stations, and radio stations. (Article 7(6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/ 2014))

Bans on donations from trade unions

Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties? Yes. Article 7 (6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/2014). The following entities are banned to receive any kind of state resources: a) natural persons who don't have greek nationality and legal persons that are not established in greek territory; b) legal person governed by public law and working in public sector; c) organizations from local governance from all levels; d) natural persons who are owners or publishers of national or local press, magazines, television stations, and radio stations. (Article 7(6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/ 2014))
Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates? Yes. Article 7 (6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/2014). The following entities are banned to receive any kind of state resources: a) natural persons who don't have greek nationality and legal persons that are not established in greek territory; b) legal person governed by public law and working in public sector; c) organizations from local governance from all levels; d) natural persons who are owners or publishers of national or local press, magazines, television stations, and radio stations. (Article 7(6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/ 2014))

Bans on anonymous donations

Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties? Yes. Funding can be performed by any other method allows connection of the offered amount by a natural or legal person who can be identified. (Article 7 bis, Law 3023/2002 (introduced by art.6, Law 4304/2014))
Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates? Yes. Funding can be performed by any other method allows connection of the offered amount by a natural or legal person who can be identified. (Article 7 bis, Law 3023/2002 (introduced by art.6, Law 4304/2014))

Other bans on donations

Is there a ban on state resources being given to or received by political parties or candidates (excluding regulated public funding)? Yes. Article 7 (6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/2014). The following entities are banned to receive any kind of state resources: a) natural persons who don't have greek nationality and legal persons that are not established in greek territory; b) legal person governed by public law and working in public sector; c) organizations from local governance from all levels; d) natural persons who are owners or publishers of national or local press, magazines, television stations, and radio stations. (Article 7(6), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.5, Law 4304/ 2014))
Is there a ban on any other form of donation? Yes.

Donation limits

Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party over a time period (not election specific)? Yes. Funding of parties by the same person during the same year cannot exceed EUR20,000. (Article 8 (1), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.7, Law 4304/2014))
Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party in relation to an election? Yes. Funding of parties by the same person during the same year cannot exceed EUR20,000. (Article 8 (1), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.7, Law 4304/2014))
Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate? Yes. Funding of a candidate by the same person during the same year cannot exceed EUR5,000 (Article 8 (2), Law 3023/2002? (amended by art.7, Law 4304/2014))

Public funding

Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties

Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of votes in previous election Yes. Article 1(1)(f), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.1, Law 4304/2014). Beneficiaries of state funding: a) Political parties and coalitions of parties represented in the Greek Parliament with elected representatives in the last general election of the combinations of the same party or coalition. b) Political parties and coalitions, which in the last general election nominated a full list of candidates at least 70% of the electoral districts of the country and obtained a number of votes at least equal to 1.5% of the total valid votes cast countrywide. c) Political parties and coalitions that have representatives in the European Parliament elected in the last elections. d) Political parties and coalitions, which in the last elections for Greek representatives in the European Parliament raised a number of votes at least equal to 1.5% of the total valid votes countrywide. (Article 1(1)(f), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.1, Law 4304/2014) )
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Representation in elected body Yes. Article 1(1)(f), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.1, Law 4304/2014). Beneficiaries of state funding: a) Political parties and coalitions of parties represented in the Greek Parliament with elected representatives in the last general election of the combinations of the same party or coalition. b) Political parties and coalitions, which in the last general election nominated a full list of candidates at least 70% of the electoral districts of the country and obtained a number of votes at least equal to 1.5% of the total valid votes cast countrywide. c) Political parties and coalitions that have representatives in the European Parliament elected in the last elections. d) Political parties and coalitions, which in the last elections for Greek representatives in the European Parliament raised a number of votes at least equal to 1.5% of the total valid votes countrywide. (Article 1(1)(f), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.1, Law 4304/2014) )
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Participation in election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Number of candidates No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of seats in previous election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of votes in next election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Registration as a political party No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Share of seats in next election No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Number of members No. Absent from legal framework
Eligibility criteria for direct public funding to political parties: Other No. Absent from legal framework

Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties

Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Proportional to votes received Yes. Article 1(1)(f), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.1, Law 4304/2014). Beneficiaries of state funding: a) Political parties and coalitions of parties represented in the Greek Parliament with elected representatives in the last general election of the combinations of the same party or coalition. b) Political parties and coalitions, which in the last general election nominated a full list of candidates at least 70% of the electoral districts of the country and obtained a number of votes at least equal to 1.5% of the total valid votes cast countrywide. c) Political parties and coalitions that have representatives in the European Parliament elected in the last elections. d) Political parties and coalitions, which in the last elections for Greek representatives in the European Parliament raised a number of votes at least equal to 1.5% of the total valid votes countrywide. Article 3, Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.2, Law 4304/2014). (1) The total amount of regular state funding is distributed to state funding beneficiaries as follows: (a) The 80% is paid to beneficiaries as indicated in article 1, paragraph 1 and distributed among them as defined in paragraph 3 of this Article. (b) The 10% is paid to parties elected in the European Parliament. (c) The 10 % is distributed to parties participating in electoral coalitions. (3) The allocation of regular state funfing between the beneficiaries listed in article 1 paragraph 1, is divided by the total number of valid ballots gahtered by parties and coalitions in the same category. (Article 1(1)(f), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.1, Law 4304/2014) Article 3, Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.2, Law 4304/2014))
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Equal No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Proportional to seats received No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Flat rate by votes received No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Share of expenses reimbursed No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Proportional to candidates fielded No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Number of members No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation calculations for direct public funding to political parties: Other No. Absent from legal framework

Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties

Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Campaign spending Yes.
Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Ongoing party activities Yes.
Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Intra-party institution No.
Earmarking provisions for direct public funding to political parties: Other Yes.

Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties

Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Equal No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Number of candidates Yes.
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Share of seats No. Absent from legal framework
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Share of votes in preceding election Yes.
Allocation criteria for free or subsidized access to media for political parties: Other Yes. "free broadcasting time on public and private radio and television channels is allocated to political parties in order for them to broadcast their positions and programmes. This free air time is allocated to the parties on a proportional basis, according to a joint ministerial declaration published in the Official Gazette and is not subject to taxation. The parties that are running in elections but are not represented in Parliament are allocated a minimum broadcasting time (Article 10, Law 3023/2002);" (p. 9) (GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on Greece on Transparency of Party Funding, GRECO (Theme II)) (Article 10, Law 3023/2002 )
Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates? Yes. Public and private TV and radio stations are required to transmit messages of parties during specific times set by the relevant Ministries. The time is to be allocated equally to parties based on proportionality, and transmission is to be free of charge and all taxes. (Article 10, Law 3023/2002 )

Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?

Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Premises for campaign meetings Yes. Parties may use public areas as set out in law without requiring premission, or payment of dues and taxes or reimbursement for use. (Article 9(2), Law 3023/2002 )
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Space for campaign materials Yes. Parties may use public areas as set out in law without requiring premission, or payment of dues and taxes or reimbursement for use. (Article 9(2), Law 3023/2002)
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Tax relief No. Absent from legal framework
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Free or subsidised transport No. Absent from legal framework
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Free or subsidised postage cost No. Absent from legal framework
Provisions for any other form of indirect public funding: Other No. Absent from legal framework
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No. Absent from legal framework
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No. Absent from legal framework

Regulations on spending 

Is there a ban on vote buying? Yes. "[T]he Greek penal legislation contains a provision in the penal code (art.165: Bribery during the Elections) that criminalizes offering gifts (of any kind) to voters with the aim to change the electoral result. The penalty is imprisonment up to two years and fines. Additionaly, during the Electoral period there come Presidential Decrees that mirror penal legislation and sometimes change the penalties of the penal code. The mirror recent Electoral Legislation of the article 165 of the penal code is the Presidential Decree 96/2007 which provides for the same act of bribery (with the aim to influence the result of the elections) the penalty of imprisonment for at least three months up to three years and as supplementary a monetary penalty (art. 114 par. 1 of the Decree)." (Expert input provided by Maria Archimandritou, Assistant Professor School of Law Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 31 August 2011) (Penal Code Art. 165, Presidential Decree 96/2007, Art 114 (1) of the Decree)
Are there bans on state resources being used in favour or against a political party or candidate? Yes. Political manifestations of public officials are prohibited: Constitution Article 29 (3) Manifestations of any nature whatsoever in favor of or against a political party by magistrates and by those serving in the armed forces and the security corps, are absolutely prohibited. In the exercise of their duties, manifestations of any nature whatsoever in favor or against a political party bu public servants, employees of local government agencies, of other public law legal persons or of public enterprises or of enterprises of local government agencies or of enterprises whose management is directly or indirectly appointed by the State, by administrative act or by virtue of its capacity as shareholder, are absolutely prohibited. (Report on the Misuse of Administrative Resources During Electoral Process, European Commission for Democracy Through Law, 2013) (Article 29 (3), Constitution of Greece)
Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend? Yes. The maximum amount a party can spend in General or European elections including the value of amenities and facilities may not exceed the amount of 20% of the last recurrent funding of all political parties. (Article 13, Law 3023/2002)
Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend? Yes. The maximum amount a candidate can spend in each election including the value of the benefits and facilities is determined based on the number of seats in the constituency in which he is a candidate. In determining the amount, it is multiplied by fifteen thousand (15,000) euros a coefficient for each constituency. 2.The maximum election expenses allowed is determined for each constituency by decision of the relevant Ministries within five (5) days of the notice Election. 5. The maximum election expenses allowed for advertisements in the press for each candidate is determined to twenty percent (20%) of the maximum allowable amount of electoral expenditure, as defined in this article. (Article 14, Law 3023/2002)

Reporting, oversight and sanctions 

Reporting standards

Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances? Yes. Article 16 bis, Law 3023/2002 (introduced by art.13, Law 4304/2014). Political parties and coalitions shall annually submit to the Control Committee annual budgets, balance sheets and accounts. (Article 16 bis, law 3203/2002 (introduced by art.13, law 4304/2014))
Do political parties have to report on their finances in relation to election campaigns? Yes. Article 16, Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.12, Law 4304/2014). Political parties and coalitions shall keep an accounting book, containinil the income and the expenditure for each year and the amounts collected during the election campaign and election expenses. The accounting book is annually audited by the Control Committee. Article 16 bis, Law 3023/2002 (introduced by art.13, Law 4304/2014). Political parties and coalitions shall annually submit to the Control Committee annual budgets, balance sheets and accounts. (Article 16, law 3023/2002 (amended by art.12, law 4304/2014) Article 16 bis, law 3023/2002 (introduced by art.13, law 4304/2014) )
Do candidates have to report on their campaign finances? Yes. Article 16 bis , Law 3023/2002 (introduced bu art.13, Law 4304/2014). (b) Candidates representiatives of the Greek Parliament and the European Parliament shall annually submit to the Control Committee detailed records, income and expenditure receipts and any other document significant for the management of their finances during the period of control of election expenses. (c) Elected representatives of the Greek Parliament and the European Parliament shall annually submit to the Control Committee detailed records, income and expenditure receipts and any other document significant for the management of their finances. (d) Furthermore, elected representatives of the Greek Parliament and the European Parliament shall submit to the Control Committee the full content and economic valuation of the trade they have made to the funding recipients. (e) Candidates of local elections shall submit to the Control Committee annual budgets, balance sheets, accounts and any kind of funding received by political parties and coalitions. Article 13, Law 3202/2003. Elected candidates in prefectural and municipal elections, as well as their first three substitutes, shall submit to the Control Committee within the same deadline a report on electoral income and expenditure. (Article 13, Law 3202/2003 Article 16 bis, law 3023/2002 (introduced by art.13, law 4304/2014) )
Is information in reports from political parties and/​or candidates to be made public? Yes. Article 21(2)(n), Law 3023/2002. On the free and public official website administered and managed by the Control Comittee shall be publsihed the annual budgets, balance sheets and accounts of political parties and coalitions [...]. ( Article 21(2)(n), law 3023/2002 (amended by art.19, law 4304/2014))
Must reports from political parties and/​or candidates reveal the identity of donors? yes. Article 21(2)(n), Law 3023/2002. Information on each legal entity providing funding to political parties, coalitions, election candidates or members of parliament shall be published on the official website administered and managed by the Control Committee. Moreover, full details are also to be provided if the donations to political parties and coalitions are above 3,000 euros or if the donations to candidates to elections are above 5,000 euros, (Article 16 (2), Law 3023/2002, Article 21(2)(n), law 3023/2002 (amended by art.19, law 4304/2014))
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Electoral Management Board No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Auditing agency No.
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Ministry No. The Minister of Finance and the Minister of Interior receive informations regarding the financial reports of political parties and candidates indirectly through the Control Committee. Article 3 (4), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.2 Law 4304/2014): The agreement between the parties of a coalition regarding the amount of government funding to be distributed between them, shall be comunicated to the Minsiter of Interior, within 1 month from the elections. Article 21 (2) (f) Law 3023/2002 (amended by art. 19 Law 4304/2014): The Control Committee shall report annually to the Committee on institutions and transparency activity of the Parliament and to the Ministers of Finance and of Interior. (Articles 18 (4) and (2), 19 (2), 20, Law 3023/2002, (repealed!) Article 13, Law 3202/2003 Article 21(2)(f), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.19, law 4304/2014) Article 3 (4), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.2 Law 4304/2014) )
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Special institution Yes. Article 16 bis, Law 3023/2002 (added by art. 13 Law 4304/2014): Political parties, coalitions and all persons listed in article 1, paragraph 2, letter n, shall submit to the Control Committee annual budgets, balance sheets, accounts (letter a) and other documents (letter b to e). Article 21 (2) (f) Law 3023/2002 (amended by art. 19 Law 4304/2014): The Control Committee shall report annually to the Committee on institutions and transparency activity of the Parliament and to the Ministers of Finance and of Interior. Unsuccessful candidates are not subject to reporting obligations. Elected candidates in prefectural and municipal elections, as well as their first three substitutes, have to submit to the Expenditure Audit Committee within the same deadline a report on electoral income and expenditure (Article 13, Law 3202/2003)." (p. 12f) (GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on Greece on Transparency of Party Funding, GRECO (Theme II)) ( Article 13, Law 3202/2003 Article 16 bis, Law 3203/2002 (introduced by art.13 Law 4304/2014) Article 21(2)(f), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.19, law 4304/2014))
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Court No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions receiving financial reports from political parties and/​or candidates: Other No. Absent from legal framework

Political finance oversight

Is it specified that a particular institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/​or investigating violations?
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Court No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Ministry No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Auditing agency Yes. Control Committee for the financial accounts of parties and parliament members, Special Investigative Service under the Ministry of Economy an Finance (YPEE), Local Committees, Chartered Auditors under the Control Committee. "During the monitoring process, both the chartered auditors and the Control Committee may have access to all necessary data and documents, including confidential information held by banks, tax authorities and stock exchange (Article 21 (4), Law 3023/2002)." (p. 15) "The Control Committee may also carry out investigations ex officio or upon receiving complaints by citizens, members of local committees or public officials concerning alleged infringements of political financing regulations regarding a party or a candidate for election. It may also ask the Special Investigative Service under the Ministry of Economy and Finance (YPEE) to carry out further investigations on its behalf, although the GET was informed that, until recently, this possibility had never been used in practice." (p. 15) "Local Committees may receive complaints submitted in writing before the completion of the voting process by the representative of any political party, coalition or any candidate for election. They may carry out investigations and hearings. The Local Committees then compile the results of their investigations in a report, which they forward to the Control Committee within 15 days after the elections. The Control Committee may use the content of this report at its discretion (Article 21 (9), Law 3023/2002, Article 15, Law 3202/2003)." (p. 16) (GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on Greece on Transparency of Party Funding, GRECO (Theme II)) (Article 21 (4) and (9), Law 3023/2002, Article 15, Law 3202/2003 Article 21 (2)(a) and (b), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.19, law 4304/2014))
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Electoral Management Body No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Institution for this purpose No. Absent from legal framework
Institution responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations: Other Yes. Control Committee for the financial accounts of parties and parliament members, Special Investigative Service under the Ministry of Economy an Finance (YPEE), Local Committees, Chartered Auditors under the Control Committee. "During the monitoring process, both the chartered auditors and the Control Committee may have access to all necessary data and documents, including confidential information held by banks, tax authorities and stock exchange (Article 21 (4), Law 3023/2002)." (p. 15) "The Control Committee may also carry out investigations ex officio or upon receiving complaints by citizens, members of local committees or public officials concerning alleged infringements of political financing regulations regarding a party or a candidate for election. It may also ask the Special Investigative Service under the Ministry of Economy and Finance (YPEE) to carry out further investigations on its behalf, although the GET was informed that, until recently, this possibility had never been used in practice." (p. 15) "Local Committees may receive complaints submitted in writing before the completion of the voting process by the representative of any political party, coalition or any candidate for election. They may carry out investigations and hearings. The Local Committees then compile the results of their investigations in a report, which they forward to the Control Committee within 15 days after the elections. The Control Committee may use the content of this report at its discretion (Article 21 (9), Law 3023/2002, Article 15, Law 3202/2003)." (p. 16) (GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on Greece on Transparency of Party Funding, GRECO (Theme II)) (Article 21 (4) and (9), Law 3023/2002, Article 15, Law 3202/2003 Article 21 (2)(a) and (b), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.19, law 4304/2014))
Other institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Court No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Ministry No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Auditing agency No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: EMB No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Institution for this purpose No. Absent from legal framework
Institutions with a formal role in political finance oversight: Other Yes. "[T]he Control Committee is assisted in its tasks by the Special Service of the Control Committee of the Parliament. This Service is composed of civil servants, specialised in economic and financial matters, appointed by the President of the Parliament (Article 21 (7), Law 3023/2002). The Special Service, the budget of which is part of the Parliament’s budget, currently has a total staff of 18 persons. It consists of three separate departments, dealing with the monitoring of the declaration of assets of members of the Hellenic and European Parliament, the monitoring of resources and expenditure of political parties and party coalitions and the monitoring of resources and expenditure of candidates for national and European elections. These three departments are assisted by a Secretariat." (p. 15) (GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on Greece on Transparency of Party Funding, GRECO (Theme II)) Art.21(2)(g). The work of the Control Committee is assisted by a public prosecutor which shall provide to the Committee all the specific competences necessary to carry out the functions confert by article 21 of Law 3023/2002. (Article 21 (7), Law 3023/2002 Article 21 (2)(g), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.19, Law 4304/2014))
Sanctions for political finance infractions
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Fines Yes. Art. 8 (3), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.7 Law 4304/2014): Violations of the provision contained in the 1st and 2nd paragraph of art. 8, concerning fundings provided by private donors, are punishable with imprisonment up to one year and a fine. Article 21 (2) (m), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art 19 of Law 4304/2014).The Control Commitee shall verify that the legal entities indicated in article 1, paragraph 1, letter n, use the amount of funding received for statutory activities. If not, these legal entities are punishable with the a fine equivalent to the double of the amount of the funding received. Article 24 (2), Law 3023/2002: "Late or non publication by a party or coalition receiving public funding of the yearly balance sheet or the specific electoral income / expenditure report is punishable with a fine equal to 5% of the latest regular or electoral public funding given to the party or coalition. Article 24 (3), Law 3023/2002. [...] Incomplete or irregular keeping and updating of books, of the balance sheet, or the specific report of electoral income / expenditure is punishable with a fine up to 10% of the latest regular or electoral funding given to the party or coalition Article 24 (4), Law 3023/2002. [...] Political parties or coalitions which accept donations or any other service from unauthorised sources are punishable with a fine equal to 50% of the latest regular funding given to them or by a fine up to 150,000 Euros when the party has not received any regular funding. Article 24 (6), Law 3023/200). [...] Exceeding the amount of permitted electoral expenditure is punishable with a fine equal to double the amount that was exceeded. When the exceeding amount is more than 50% of the maximum permitted amount, the party or coalition is sanctioned with both the above fine and a deprivation of regular public funding for the following year. Article 24 (7), Law 3023/2002: A political party or coalition which receives donations in violations of art.8 paragraph 1 is punishable with a fine up to 20% of the latest regular funding given to them or by a fine up to 75,000 Euros when the party or coalition has not received any public funding. Art.24 (8), Law 3023/2002: The violations of article 11, paragrapgh 1, case a), are punishable with a fine equal to 5% of the last regular funding paid to the party or the coalition, or a fine equal to 15,000 euro when the party or coalition has not received any public funding. Art.24 (9) Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.14 Law 4304/2014): Violations of article 11, paragrraph 1, case b) and c), are punishable with a fine equal to 10% of the last regular funding paid to the party or the coalition, or a fine equal to 15,000 when the party or coalition has not received any public funding. Article 25 (1), Law 3023/2002. [...] Late or non-submission by a candidate for election of a report on electoral income/expenditure or submission of an irregular or incomplete report is punishable with a fine up to 10% of the yearly parliamentary compensation. Article 25 (2), Law 3023/2002. [...] A candidate for election who has accepted a contribution or other form of services from unauthorised sources, is punishable with a fine up to 50% of the yearly parliamentary compensation. (Article 25 (3), Law 3023/2002). [...] A candidate for election who has received a contribution by the same donor exceeding the ceiling of 3,000 Euros is punishable with a fine up to 20% of the yearly parliamentary compensation. Art. 25 (4), Law 3023/2002: In case of violation of the provision of art.12, paragraph , cases a) and b), a fine shall be applied to the parliamentary candidate up to the value of the yearl parliament member compensation [...]. Art.25 bis, Law 3023/2002 (introduced by art.16, Law 4304/2014): All the members of political parties or coalitions and all elected candidate of the Hellenic Parliament or of the European Parliament that omit, slow, hide about the obligation provided in art. 16 bis, are punishable with imprisonment up to 2 years and a fine, if not prescribed more severely in another Law. The donators that violate art.5 paragraph 1 are punishable with imprisonment up to 2 years and a fine. Members of political parties or coalition which are aware of the olbigations and accepted the financing, are punishable with imprisonment up to 2 years and a fine. Art.27 (3), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.18 of Law 4304/2014): The owner of the publication that violated article 11, paragraph 1, case d), and of article 12, paragraph 1, case f) shall be subject, under a joint decision [...] to a fine up to 150,000 euros. Article 3 (2), Law 3202/2003. Candidates to local elections who accepted a contribution or other service from unauthorised sources are punishable with imprisonment up to one year and a fine of up to 50,000 Euros. Article 4, Law 3202/2003. Donors exceeding the allowed amounts of funding in local elections are punishable with the same imprisonment sanction and a fine between 2,000 and 10,000 Euros. (p. 17ff) (GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on Greece on Transparency of Party Funding, GRECO (Theme II)) Article 17 (1), Law 3202/2003. Inadequate or improper keeping of books and records on electoral income and expenditure of a list of candidates in local elections, as well as exceeding the allowed expenditure for that list, is punishable by a fine between half and double the amount of the permissible electoral expenditure for that list. Article 17 (2), Law 3202/2003. [...] Acceptance of funding from unauthorised sources is punishable by a fine between 30,000 and 100,000 Euros. Article 17 (3), Law 3202/2003. [...] A list of candidates who knowingly accepted a contribution in excess of the allowed ceilings is punishable with a fine between 20,000 and 70,000 Euros. Article 17 (5), Law 3202/2003. [...] Late or non-submission by a coalition of a report on electoral income/expenditure or submission of an irregular or incomplete report, is punishable with a fine up to 6.000 Euros. Article 17 (7), Law 3202/2003. When a fine is imposed upon a list of candidates, the responsibility for its payment belongs to the head of this list. [...] Candidates for prefectoral and municipal elections. Article 18 (1), Law 3202/2003. [...] Late or non-submission by a candidate for election of a report on electoral income/expenditure or submission of an irregular or incomplete report, is punishable with a fine up to 3.000 Euros. Article 18 (2), Law 3202/2003. [...] A candidate for election who has accepted a contribution or other form of services from unauthorised sources is punishable with a fine up to 5,000 Euros. Article 18 (3), Law 3202/2003. [...] A candidate for election who has received a contribution by the same donor exceeding the ceiling of 500 Euros is punishable with a fine up to 3,000 Euros. Articles 18 (5) and 19 (1), Law 3202/2003. [...] A candidate for election who knowingly accepted a contribution in excess of the allowed ceilings is punishable with a fine up ten times the excess amount and forfeiture from office after a disciplinary procedure. Article 19 (1), Law 3202/2003. [...] A candidate for election who exceeded twice the amount of allowed electoral expenditure is punishable with forfeiture from office after a disciplinary procedure. (Provisions of Law 3023/2002: art. 8 (3), art.21 (2) (m), art. 24, art. 25, art. 25 bis, art. 27 (3). Provisions of Law 3202/2003: art. 3 (2) , art. 4, art. 17, art. 18, art. 19 (1). )
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of public funding Yes. Article 24 (2), Law 3023/2002. "Late or non publication by a party or coalition receiving public funding of the yearly balance sheet or the specific electoral income / expenditure report is punishable with a fine equal to 5% of the latest regular or electoral public funding given to the party or coalition. Article 24 (3), Law 3023/2002. [...] Incomplete or irregular keeping and updating of books, of the balance sheet, or the specific report of electoral income / expenditure is punishable with a fine up to 10% of the latest regular or electoral funding given to the party or coalition Article 24 (4), Law 3023/2002. [...] Political parties or coalitions which accept donations or any other service from unauthorised sources (see paragraph 34) are punishable with a fine equal to 50% of the latest regular funding given to them or by a fine up to 150,000 Euros when the party has not received any regular funding. Article 24 (6), Law 3023/2002. Exceeding the amount of permitted electoral expenditure is punishable with a fine equal to double the amount that was exceeded. When the exceeding amount is more than 50% of the maximum permitted amount, the party or coalition is sanctioned with both the above fine and a deprivation of regular public funding for the following year. Article 24 (7), Law 3023/2002. A political party or coalition which receives donations from the same donor in excess of the allowed ceilings of 15,000 Euros is punishable with a fine up to 20% of the latest regular funding given to them or by a fine up to 75,000 Euros when the party or coalition has not received any public funding. Article 25 (1), Law 3023/2002. Late or non-submission by a candidate for election of a report on electoral income/expenditure or submission of an irregular or incomplete report is punishable with a fine up to 10% of the yearly parliamentary compensation. Article 25 (2), Law 3023/2002. [...] A candidate for election who has accepted a contribution or other form of services from unauthorised sources (see paragraph 34) is punishable with a fine up to 50% of the yearly parliamentary compensation (Article 25 (3), Law 3023/2002). [...] A candidate for election who has received a contribution by the same donor exceeding the ceiling of 3,000 Euros is punishable with a fine up to 20% of the yearly parliamentary compensation. (Article 24 (2) - (4), Law 3023/2002, Article 24 (6) - (7), Law 3023/2002, Article 25 (1) - (3), Law 3023/2002)
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Penal/Criminal Yes. Art. 8 (3), Law 3023/2002 (amended by art.7 Law 4304/2014): Violations of the provision contained in the 1st and 2nd paragraph of art. 8, concerning fundings provided by private donors, are punishable with imprisonment up to one year and a fine. Art.25 bis, Law 3023/2002 (introduced by art.16, Law 4304/2014): All the members of political parties or coalitions and all elected candidate of the Hellenic Parliament or of the European Parliament that omit, slow, hide about the obligation provided in art. 16 bis, are punishable with imprisonment up to 2 years and a fine, if not prescribed more severely in another Law. The donators that violate art.5 paragraph 1 are punishable with imprisonment up to 2 years and a fine. Members of political parties or coalition which are aware of the olbigations and accepted the financing, are punishable with imprisonment up to 2 years and a fine. Article 3 (2), Law 3202/2003. [...] Violation of the funding prohibitions of Law 3202/2003 on local elections is punishable with imprisonment up to one year and a fine of up to 50,000 Euros. Article 4, Law 3202/2003. They are punishable with a fine up to 10,000 Euros for accepting funding in excess of the authorised limitation. Article 4, Law 3202/2003. Donors exceeding the allowed amounts of funding in local elections are punishable with the same imprisonment sanction and a fine between 2,000 and 10,000 Euros. (p. 17ff) (GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on Greece on Transparency of Party Funding, GRECO (Theme II)) (Article 8 (3), Law 3023/2002, Article 25 bis, Law 3023/2002 (introduced by art.16 Law 4304/2014) Article 3 (2), Law 3202/2003, Article 4, Law 3202/2003 )
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Forfeiture Yes. Exceeding the amount of permitted electoral expenditure is punishable with a fine equal to double the amount that was exceeded. When the exceeding amount is more than 50% of the maximum permitted amount, the party or coalition is sanctioned with both the above fine and a deprivation of regular public funding for the following year (Article 24 (6), Law 3023/2002). A candidate for election who knowingly accepted a contribution in excess of the allowed ceilings is punishable with a fine up ten times the excess amount and forfeiture from office after a disciplinary procedure (Articles 18 (5) and 19 (1), Law 3202/2003) (Article 24 (6), Law 3023/2002)
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Deregistration of party No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of elected office Yes. Article 26 (1), Law 3023/2002. "Removal from parliamentary office may be imposed by a decision of the Special Highest Court defined in Article 100 of the Greek Constitution" (Article 100 of Constitution of Greece Article 26 (1), Law 3023/2002)
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Suspension of political party No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of nomination of candidate No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Loss of political rights No. Absent from legal framework
Sanctions for political finance infractions: Other No. Absent from legal framework

Qualitative data for 2016


Legislation

Law 3023/2002 (amended by Law 4304/2014) (Greek)PDF
Law 4023/2014  
Law 3202/2003 (Greek)pdf
Presidential Decree 96/2007  
Penal Code pdf
Constitution, 1975, amended 2008missing file:

Financial Disclosure

Greece has expanded the legislation for financial disclosure through law 3213/2003 and its ensuing amendments 3849/2010, 3979/2011, and 4065/2012, as much as possible, possible because of the economic situation in Greece. 

However the Constitution grants wide immunity for the President, Ministers, and Members of Parliament, making it more difficult to prosecute violations under the present laws. The President, Ministers, and MPs may not be prosecuted while in office except for gross political violations of the Constitution, making it difficult to trace gifts received while in office. 

The basic law and ensuing amendments however have expanded in scope the offices and posts that are required to submit financial statements, making it mandatory for essentially everyone who works in the public service. 

For the interests of further transparency, it has been made illegal to publish any information in part, and any disclosures can only be published in full, excluding personal and sensitive information. 

Civil servants are required under the Civil Service Code (3528/2007) to also submit their personal information including any changes. These disclosures are annual and include spouse and children’s information (if they live at home). 


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

201220152016Trend
Disclosure items766767
Filing frequency816969
Sanctions585858
Monitoring and Oversight949494
Public access to declarations384444

Alternative Metric

201220152016Trend
Head of State787272
Ministers747373
Members of Parliament737878
Civil servants534242

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Head of State

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure Yes. The Prime Minister shall submit a statement of their own, their spouse and their minor children's property. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 1(1)(a))
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. Immovable property and their rights are considered assets. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 2(1)(a)(ii))
Movable assets Yes. Naval and aerial means of transportation, as well as every kind of vehicles are considered assets. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 2(1)(a)(v))
Cash Yes. Deposits in banks, savings banks, domestic or foreign credit institutions are considered assets. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 2(1)(a)(iv))
Loans and Debts No. Absent from the legal framework.
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. Income from every source, during the last three financial years before the disclosure of the initial statement, and each year after the disclosure of the initial statement. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 2(1)(a)(i))
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official No. Absent from the legal framework.
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings No. Absent from the legal framework.
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) No. Absent from the legal framework.
Holding government contracts No. Absent from the legal framework.
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. The office of the President shall be incompatible with any other office, position or function. (Greek Constitution, (1975, last amended 2008), Section II, Art. 30(2))
Post-employment No. Absent from the legal framework.
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. The office of the President shall be incompatible with any other office, position or function. (Greek Constitution, (1975, last amended 2008), Section II, Art. 30(2))
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from the legal framework.
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector No. Absent from the legal framework.

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. The disclosure is required within 30 days of taking the oath of office, or commencing their duties. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 1(2))
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. The disclosure is required each year for three years after the expiration of the mandate or loss of seat, by June 30 at the latest in each year. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 1(2))
Filing required annually Yes. The disclosure is required every year during the mandate or holding of seat or office or term. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 1(2))
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest No. After the initial disclosure, in their annual statement individuals are only required to state any changes that occurred to their assets for the period of time for which the statement is concerned. (Ariticle 10, Law 4065/ 2012 Amendment of Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals)

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) No. Absent from the legal framework.
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A person who omits to submit a statement or submits false or missing information is punished with at least 2 years imprisonment and a fine between EUR10,000 and EUR500,000. Anyone responsible for the above is also punished with imprisonment of up to 10 years and a fine of between EUR20,000 and EUR1,000,000 if the total value of the undisclosed assets exceeds EUR300,000. If the non-disclosure occured because of omission, there is a fine of between EUR10,000 and EUR100,000. / The President of the Republic shall in no case be held liable for acts performed in the discharge of his duties, except only for high treason or intentional violation of the Constitution. For acts not related to the discharge of his duties, prosecution shall be suspended until the expiration of the presidential term. (Article 4, Law 3849/2010, Amending Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners and Other Individuals / Greek Constitution Article 49(1))
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A person who omits to submit a statement or submits false or missing information is punished with at least 2 years imprisonment and a fine between EUR10,000 and EUR500,000. Anyone responsible for the above is also punished with imprisonment of up to 10 years and a fine of between EUR20,000 and EUR1,000,000 if the total value of the undisclosed assets exceeds EUR300,000. If the non-disclosure occured because of omission, there is a fine of between EUR10,000 and EUR100,000. / The President of the Republic shall in no case be held liable for acts performed in the discharge of his duties, except only for high treason or intentional violation of the Constitution. For acts not related to the discharge of his duties, prosecution shall be suspended until the expiration of the presidential term. (Article 4, Law 3849/2010, Amending Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners and Other Individuals / Greek Constitution Article 49(1))

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. Audit Committee of the Parliament for Financial Statement Declarations (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 3(1)(a))
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. Prosecution is exercised by the competent prosecutor of the court of appeals and is directly questioned on appeal, by order of the prosecutor and direction of the appellate magistrate by the Steering Body of Appeal concerned within the specific provision of Article 15 of N. 1756/1988 (Government Gazette 35A '), as applicable. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 5)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. Audit Committee of the Parliament for Financial Statement Declarations (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 3(1)(a))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy Yes. Audit Committee of the Parliament for Financial Statement Declarations (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 3(1)(a))

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. The publication in the press of the disclosures is allowed under the condition that all the information is released; selective publishing of certain information is not allowed. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 2(3))
Timing of information release specified No. Absent from the legal framework.
Location(s) of access specified Yes. The financial disclosure statements are published on the website of the House of Representatives as defined in Law 3023/2002, which determines the form, type, data, duration and all other details. / Publication in the media is permitted provided that the entire text of the statements are published. (Law 4065/2012, amending Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Art. 3)
Cost of access specified No. Absent from the legal framework.

Ministers

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure Yes. Ministers and deputy Ministers shall submit a statement of their own, their spouse and their minor children's property. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 1(1)(c) )
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. Immovable property and their rights are considered assets. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 2(1)(a)(ii))
Movable assets Yes. Naval and aerial means of transportation, as well as every kind of vehicles are considered assets. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 2(1)(a)(v))
Cash Yes. Deposits in banks, savings banks, domestic or foreign credit institutions are considered assets. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 2(1)(a)(iv))
Loans and Debts No. Absent from the legal framework.
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. Income from every source, during the last three financial years before the disclosure of the initial statement, and each year after the disclosure of the initial statement. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 2(1)(a)(i))
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official No. Absent from the legal framework.
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. Participation in any kind of business must be declared. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 2(1)(a)(vi))
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. Participation in any kind of business must be declared. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 2(1)(a)(vi))
Holding government contracts No. Absent from the legal framework.
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. Participation in any kind of business must be declared. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 2(1)(a)(vi))
Post-employment No. Absent from the legal framework.
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position No. Absent from the legal framework.
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from the legal framework.
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector No. Absent from the legal framework.

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. The disclosure is required within 30 days of taking the oath of office, or commencing their duties. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 1(2))
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. The disclosure is required each year for three years after the expiration of the mandate or loss of seat, by June 30 at the latest in each year. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 1(2))
Filing required annually Yes. The disclosure is required every year during the mandate or holding of seat or office or term. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 1(2))
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest No. After the initial disclosure, in their annual statement individuals are only required to state any changes that occurred to their assets for the period of time for which the statement is concerned. (Ariticle 10, Law 4065/ 2012 Amendment of Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals)

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) No. 0
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A person who omits to submit a statement or submits false or missing information is punished with at least 2 years imprisonment and a fine between EUR10,000 and EUR500,000. Anyone responsible for the above is also punished with imprisonment of up to 10 years and a fine of between EUR20,000 and EUR1,000,000 if the total value of the undisclosed assets exceeds EUR300,000. If the non-disclosure occured because of omission, there is a fine of between EUR10,000 and EUR100,000. (Article 4, Law 3849/2010, Amending Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners and Other Individuals)
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A person who omits to submit a statement or submits false or missing information is punished with at least 2 years imprisonment and a fine between EUR10,000 and EUR500,000. Anyone responsible for the above is also punished with imprisonment of up to 10 years and a fine of between EUR20,000 and EUR1,000,000 if the total value of the undisclosed assets exceeds EUR300,000. If the non-disclosure occured because of omission, there is a fine of between EUR10,000 and EUR100,000. (Article 4, Law 3849/2010, Amending Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners and Other Individuals)

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. Audit Committee of the Parliament for Financial Statement Declarations (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 3(1)(a))
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. Prosecution is exercised by the competent prosecutor of the court of appeals and is directly questioned on appeal, by order of the prosecutor and direction of the appellate magistrate by the Steering Body of Appeal concerned within the specific provision of Article 15 of N. 1756/1988 (Government Gazette 35A '), as applicable. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 5)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. Audit Committee of the Parliament for Financial Statement Declarations (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 3(1)(a))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy Yes. Audit Committee of the Parliament for Financial Statement Declarations (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 3(1)(a))

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. Publication in mass informing of property status declerations subs-challenging the persons specified in Article 1is permitted provided that published severally clergy in their text (Ariticle 3 Law 4065/ 2012 Amendment of Law 3212/2003 " Decleration and audit assets of Public officials, Media owners and other individuals)
Timing of information release specified No. Absent from the legal framework.
Location(s) of access specified Yes. 0
Cost of access specified No. Absent from the legal framework.

Members of Parliament

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure Yes. Members of Parliament and Members of the European Parliament shall submit a statement of their own, their spouse and their minor children's property. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 1(1)(d))
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. Immovable property and their rights are considered assets. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 2(1)(a)(ii))
Movable assets Yes. Naval and aerial means of transportation, as well as every kind of vehicles are considered assets. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 2(1)(a)(v))
Cash Yes. Deposits in banks, savings banks, domestic or foreign credit institutions are considered assets. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 2(1)(a)(iv))
Loans and Debts No. Absent from the legal framework.
Income from outside employment/assets Yes. Income from every source, during the last three financial years before the disclosure of the initial statement, and each year after the disclosure of the initial statement. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 2(1)(a)(i))
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official No. Absent from the legal framework.
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings No. Absent from the legal framework.
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. The duties of Members of Parliament shall be incompatible with the duties or the capacity of member of a board of directors, governor, general manager or their alternates, or those of employee of commercial company or enterprise enjoying special privileges or subsidies by the State, or to which concession of public enterprise has been granted. (Greek Constitution, (1975, last amended 2008), Article 57(1))
Holding government contracts Yes. Members of Parliament may not undertake commissions, studies, or the execution of works for the State, local government agencies or other public law legal persons or of public or municipal enterprises. (Greek Constitution, (1975, last amended 2008), Article 57(2))
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. The duties of Members of Parliament shall be incompatible with the duties or the capacity of member of a board of directors, governor, general manager or their alternates, or those of employee of commercial company or enterprise enjoying special privileges or subsidies by the State, or to which concession of public enterprise has been granted. (Greek Constitution, (1975, last amended 2008), Article 57(1))
Post-employment No. Absent from the legal framework.
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. Salaried civil functionaries and servants or officers of the armed forces and the security corps, employees of local government agencies or other public law legal persons may neither stand for election nor be elected to Parliament if they have not resigned from the said offices prior to their nomination. (Greek Constitution, (1975, last amended 2008), Article 56(1))
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from the legal framework.
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector No. Absent from the legal framework.

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. The disclosure is required within 30 days of taking the oath of office, or commencing their duties. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 1(2))
Filing required upon leaving office Yes. The disclosure is required each year for three years after the expiration of the mandate or loss of seat, by June 30 at the latest in each year. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 1(2))
Filing required annually Yes. The disclosure is required every year during the mandate or holding of seat or office or term. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 1(2))
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest No. After the initial disclosure, in their annual statement individuals are only required to state any changes that occurred to their assets for the period of time for which the statement is concerned. (Ariticle 10, Law 4065/ 2012 Amendment of Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals)

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) No. Absent from the legal framework.
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A person who omits to submit a statement or submits false or missing information is punished with at least 2 years imprisonment and a fine between EUR10,000 and EUR500,000. Anyone responsible for the above is also punished with imprisonment of up to 10 years and a fine of between EUR20,000 and EUR1,000,000 if the total value of the undisclosed assets exceeds EUR300,000. If the non-disclosure occured because of omission, there is a fine of between EUR10,000 and EUR100,000. (Article 4, Law 3849/2010, Amending Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners and Other Individuals)
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. A person who omits to submit a statement or submits false or missing information is punished with at least 2 years imprisonment and a fine between EUR10,000 and EUR500,000. Anyone responsible for the above is also punished with imprisonment of up to 10 years and a fine of between EUR20,000 and EUR1,000,000 if the total value of the undisclosed assets exceeds EUR300,000. If the non-disclosure occured because of omission, there is a fine of between EUR10,000 and EUR100,000. (Article 4, Law 3849/2010, Amending Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners and Other Individuals)

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. Audit Committee of the Parliament for Financial Statement Declarations (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 3(1)(a))
Enforcement body explicitly identified Yes. Prosecution is exercised by the competent prosecutor of the court of appeals and is directly questioned on appeal, by order of the prosecutor and direction of the appellate magistrate by the Steering Body of Appeal concerned within the specific provision of Article 15 of N. 1756/1988 (Government Gazette 35A '), as applicable. (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 5)
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. Audit Committee of the Parliament for Financial Statement Declarations (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 3(1)(a))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy Yes. Audit Committee of the Parliament for Financial Statement Declarations (Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Article 3(1)(a))

Public access to declarations

Public availability Yes. Publication in mass informing of property status declerations subs-challenging the persons specified in Article 1is permitted provided that published severally clergy in their text (Ariticle 3 Law 4065/ 2012 Amendment of Law 3212/2003 " Decleration and audit assets of Public officials, Media owners and other individuals)
Timing of information release specified Yes. The financial disclosure statements are published on the website of the House of Representatives as defined in Law 3023/2002, which determines the form, type, data, duration and all other details. / Publication in the media is permitted provided that the entire text of the statements are published. (Law 4065/2012, amending Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, Art. 3)
Location(s) of access specified Yes. 0
Cost of access specified No. Absent from the legal framework.

Civil servants

Disclosure items

Spouses and children included in disclosure Yes. Civil servants shall declare in writing at the time of appointment, his wealth, as well as that of his spouse and children, provided that they cohabitate, and all subsequent material changes. (Law 3528/2007, Civil Service Code (amended in 2014), Article 28(1))
Income and Assets
Real estate Yes. Civil servants shall declare in writing at the time of appointment, his wealth, as well as that of his spouse and children, provided that they cohabitate, and all subsequent material changes. (Law 3528/2007, Civil Service Code (amended in 2014), Article 28(1))
Movable assets Yes. Civil servants shall declare in writing at the time of appointment, his wealth, as well as that of his spouse and children, provided that they cohabitate, and all subsequent material changes. (Law 3528/2007, Civil Service Code (amended in 2014), Article 28(1))
Cash Yes. Civil servants shall declare in writing at the time of appointment, his wealth, as well as that of his spouse and children, provided that they cohabitate, and all subsequent material changes. (Law 3528/2007, Civil Service Code (amended in 2014), Article 28(1))
Loans and Debts No. Absent from the legal framework.
Income from outside employment/assets No. Absent from the legal framework.
Incompatibilities
Gifts received as a public official No. Absent from the legal framework.
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings No. Absent from the legal framework.
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) No. Absent from the legal framework.
Holding government contracts No. Absent from the legal framework.
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm No. Absent from the legal framework.
Post-employment No. Absent from the legal framework.
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position No. Absent from the legal framework.
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from the legal framework.
Concurrent employment of family members in public sector No. Absent from the legal framework.

Filing frequency

Filing required upon taking office Yes. Civil Servants are required to submit in writing a statement of his wealth upon taking office, and each time a significant change occurs in this statement in the future. (Law 3528/2007, Civil Service Code (amended in 2014), Article 28(1))
Filing required upon leaving office No. Absent from the legal framework.
Filing required annually No. Absent from the legal framework.
Ad hoc filing required upon change in assets or conflicts of interest Yes. Every two years, the competent authority for staff is required to request of employees a statement reflecting any significant changes or not in his wealth. (Law 3528/2007, Civil Service Code (amended in 2014), Article 28(1))

Sanctions

Sanctions stipulated for late filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) No. Absent from the legal framework.
Sanctions stipulated for non-filing (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) No. Absent from the legal framework.
Sanctions stipulated for false disclosure (fines, administrative, and/or criminal) Yes. Criminal or disciplinary action can be taken if found that any change in the level of assets in the disclosure of the civil servant is incompatible to his earnings and his overall financial situation. The competent service is required to conduct a search into the origins of such resources and the competent minister shall make the necessary arrangements for the criminal or disciplinary action and refer employees to the relevant service board. (Law 3528/2007, Civil Service Code (amended in 2014), Article 28(3))

Monitoring and Oversight

Depository body explicitly identified Yes. The content of the statements are compulsory and are processed electronically to the Secretariat of Information Technology of the Ministry of Finance. The Secretariat maintains a registry of the persons required to submit a statement, and ensures the electronic processing of the statements and the anonymization of the information contain therein. (Law 3528/2007, Civil Service Code (amended in 2014), Article 28(4))
Enforcement body explicitly identified No. Absent from the legal framework.
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying submission Yes. The content of the statements are compulsory and are processed electronically to the Secretariat of Information Technology of the Ministry of Finance. The Secretariat maintains a registry of the persons required to submit a statement, and ensures the electronic processing of the statements and the anonymization of the information contain therein. (Law 3528/2007, Civil Service Code (amended in 2014), Article 28(4))
Some agency assigned responsibility for verifying accuracy Yes. Verification of statements can be carried out either ex officio or at the employee's service request or following a complaint, by a service of the Ministry of Finance which is determined by a joint decision of the Ministers of the Interior, Public Administration and Decentralization, and Finance. (Law 3528/2007, Civil Service Code (amended in 2014), Article 28(5))

Public access to declarations

Public availability No. The Secretariat of Information Technology in the Ministry of Finance ensures the processing of the information in each employee's record, and the establishment of anonymity of all personal information in each statement and the information contained therein. (Law 3528/2007, Civil Service Code (amended in 2014), Article 28(4))
Timing of information release specified No. Absent from the legal framework.
Location(s) of access specified No. Absent from the legal framework.
Cost of access specified No. Absent from the legal framework.

Qualitative data for 2016


Legislation

Constitution, 1975, amended 2008 (Greek)pdf
Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, 2003missing file:
Law 3528/2007 Civil Service Code, 2007missing file:
Law 3849/2010, Amending Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners and Other Individuals, 2010 (Greek)pdf
Law 4065/2012 amending Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners, and Other Individuals, 2012missing file:

Conflict of Interest

The two main sources of law for the four categories of persons are the Constitution (regarding the President, Ministers, and MPs) and law 3528/2007 (the Civil Service Code). The latter has been amended to refine and tighten the guidelines on offenses of civil employees. 

However there remain few points where legislation does not explicitly cover such as accepting gifts and helping family members obtain employment in the public sector. These should be covered however by the existing legislation against corruption which has been enhanced with the ratification of the UN Convention against Corruption

As the Greco report explains: “The legal framework for fighting corruption thus appears to be fairly comprehensive. In spite of this, corruption is widely perceived as a pervasive phenomenon in Greece, a reality recently acknowledged by the Greek authorities at the highest level of the State”.


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

201220152016Trend
Restrictions383838
Sanctions171717
Monitoring and Oversight122525

Alternative Metric

201220152016Trend
Head of State333
Ministers202020
Members of Parliament131313
Civil servants526969

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Head of State

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest No. Absent from legal framework.
Accepting gifts No. Absent from legal framework.
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings No. Absent from legal framework.
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) No. Absent from legal framework.
Holding government contracts No. Absent from legal framework.
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm No. Absent from legal framework.
Post-employment No. Absent from legal framework.
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. The office of the President shall be incompatible with any other office, position or function. (Section II, Art. 30(2), Greek Constitution, 1975, amended 2008)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from legal framework.
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector No. Absent from legal framework.

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework.
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework.
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework.

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) No. Absent from legal framework.
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) No. Absent from legal framework.

Ministers

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest No. Absent from legal framework.
Accepting gifts Yes. Gifts are restricted. (Articles 235, 236 of the Penal Code, as amended by the Second Article of Law 3666/2008 and Law 3953/2011)
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. Any professional activity whatsoever of members of the Government, must be suspended during the discharge of their duties. / The conclusion of stock exchange transactions is prohibited. the sale does not include the cash transactions as well as the purchase or sale of mutual fund shares. (Greek Constitution 1975, Section III, Art. 81(3) Law 2843/2000 Article 32)
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. Any professional activity whatsoever of members of the Government, must be suspended during the discharge of their duties. (Greek Constitution 1975, Section III, Art. 81(3))
Holding government contracts Yes. Members of Parliament may not undertake commissions, studies, or the execution of works for the State, local government agencies or other public law legal persons or of public or municipal enterprises or leases of public or municipal taxes or rent real estate owned by the aforementioned bodies or accept any form of concessions on such real estate. (Greek Constitution 1975, Section III, Art. 57(4))
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. The duties of Members of Parliament shall be incompatible with the duties or the capacity of member of a board of directors, governor, general manager or their alternates, or those of employee of commercial company or enterprise enjoying special privileges or subsidies by the State, or to which concession of public enterprise has been granted. / Members must state their choice between their parliamentary office and other duties. (Greek Constitution 1975, Section III, Art. 57(1), (2))
Post-employment No. Absent from legal framework.
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. (Only in relation to MPs in the Presiding Bureau of the Parliament): The office of member of the bureau is incompatible with the office of Minister or Deputy Minister. Acceptance of the position of Minister or Deputy Minister is considered as automatic resignation from the office of MP. (Art. 6(3), Regulations of the Business of the House of Representatives 2010)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from legal framework.
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector No. Absent from legal framework.

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework.
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework.
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework.

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) No. Absent from legal framework.
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) No. Prosecution, judicial inquiry or preliminary judicial inquiry of serving or former members of the Cabinet and Undersecretaries for actions or omissions committed during the discharge of their duties shall not be permitted without a prior resolution of Parliament. Parliament has the right to prefer charges before an ad hoc court, composed of 12 judges chosen by lot by the Speaker of the Parliament, and presided by the President of the Supreme Civil and Criminal Court. (Greek Constitution 1975, Section III, Art. 86)

Members of Parliament

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest No. Absent from legal framework.
Accepting gifts No. Absent from legal framework.
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. The conclusion of stock exchange transactions is prohibited. the sale does not include the cash transactions as well as the purchase or sale of mutual fund shares. (Article 11, Law 3849 on Declaration and Audit of Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners and Other Individuals of 2010)
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) Yes. The duties of Members of Parliament shall be incompatible with the duties or the capacity of member of a board of directors, governor, general manager or their alternates, or those of employee of commercial company or enterprise enjoying special privileges or subsidies by the State, or to which concession of public enterprise has been granted. (Greek Constitution 1975, Section III, Art. 57(1), Art. 57(2))
Holding government contracts Yes. Members of Parliament may not undertake commissions, studies, or the execution of works for the State, local government agencies or other public law legal persons or of public or municipal enterprises or leases of public or municipal taxes or rent real estate owned by the aforementioned bodies or accept any form of concessions on such real estate. (Greek Constitution 1975, Section III, Art. 57(4))
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm No. Absent from legal framework.
Post-employment No. Absent from legal framework.
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. (Only in relation to MPs in the Presiding Bureau of the Parliament): The office of member of the bureau is incompatible with the office of Minister or Deputy Minister. Acceptance of the position of Minister or Deputy Minister is considered as automatic resignation from the office of MP. (Art. 6(3), Regulations of the Business of the House of Representatives 2010)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests No. Absent from legal framework.
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector No. Absent from legal framework.

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework.
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework.
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework.

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) No. Absent from legal framework.
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) No. A Member of Parliament may be prosecuted only for libel, after leave has been granted by Parliament. (Greek Constitution 1975, Section III, Art. 61)

Civil servants

Restrictions

General restriction on conflict of interest No. Absent from legal framework.
Accepting gifts No. Absent from legal framework.
Private firm ownership and/or stock holdings Yes. The acquisition by the employee, his spouse, or minor children of shares of public limited companies under the special control of his service is prohibited. (Law 3528 of 2007, Civil Service Code, Article 32(3))
Ownership of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) No. Employees are allowed to participate under their official capacity in companies which are controlled by the State, legal public bodies, the local government and public enterprises. (Law 3528 of 2007, Civil Service Code, Article 32(5))
Holding government contracts No. Absent from legal framework.
Board member, advisor, or company officer of private firm Yes. Employees are prohibited from participating in any personal trading company, limited liability company, or joint venture or be director or manager or any commercial company. (Law 3528 of 2007, Civil Service Code, Article 32(2))
Post-employment No. Absent from legal framework.
Simultaneously holding policy-making position and policy-executing position Yes. The exercise of power is incompatible with the Parliamentary mandate, except as prescribed in the provision for participation of state-owned enterprises. (Law 3528 of 2007, Civil Service Code, Article 33)
Participating in official decision-making processes that affect private interests Yes. Employees may not participate in the decision-making either individually or of a collective body if himself or his spouse or family member up to the third degree have an interest in the case. (Law 3528 of 2007, Civil Service Code, Article 36(1))
Assisting family or friends in obtaining employment in public sector No. Absent from legal framework.

Sanctions

Fines are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. Disciplinary penalties that may be imposed in relation to the disciplinary offenses for conflict of interest range from: a) written reprimand, b) a fine of twelve (12) months worth of pay, c) deprivation of the right to promotion from one (1) to five (5) years, d) the deprivation of the right to participate in the selection process for Head of the organizational unit of any level one (1) to five (5) years, e) removal of the exercise of superior organizational unit at any level tasks for the term or the balance, f) relegation to two (2) points. g) the temporary suspension of three (3) to twelve (12) months with full pay and deprivation h) discontinuation. / If any of the above penalties are imposed from b) to g), the disciplinary council may impose an additional fine of between EUR3,000 to EUR30,000. When the disciplinary penalty of final dismissal is imposed for disciplinary offenses related to economic object, the Disciplinary Board may impose further administrative penalty from 10,000 to 100,000 euros. (Law 4057 of 2012, amending law 3528 of 2007, the Civil Service Code, Article 109(1), 109(2))
Administrative sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior Yes. Disciplinary sanctions can be applied to the following offenses in relation to the conflict of interest of a civil servant: c) breach of duty by the Criminal Code or other special penal laws, d) the acquisition of economic benefit or for the benefit of that official or other person, in the exercise of his duties or on their connection, f) breach of the principle of impartiality, n) the use of the civil service status or information held by the employee during service or location, to serve personal private interests or for third parties. Sanctions range from a) written reprimand, b) a fine of twelve (12) months worth of pay, c) deprivation of the right to promotion from one (1) to five (5) years, d) the deprivation of the right to participate in the selection process for Head of the organizational unit of any level one (1) to five (5) years, e) removal of the exercise of superior organizational unit at any level tasks for the term or the balance, f) relegation to two (2) points. g) the temporary suspension of three (3) to twelve (12) months with full pay and deprivation h) discontinuation. (Law 4057 of 2012, amending law 3528 of 2007, the Civil Service Code, Article 107, Article 109(1))
Penal sanctions are stipulated for violations of COI regulations restricting behavior No. Absent from legal framework.

Monitoring and Oversight

Monitoring body specified (guidance, training, data tracking) Yes. Depending on the position of each civil servant (whether employed in central and regional services, or in a public body) there are different Disciplinary Supervisors who conduct monitoring and may issue a written reprimant for breach of duty in relation to any disciplinary offense. (Law 4057 of 2012, amending law 3528 of 2007, the Civil Service Code, Article 116(1))
Enforcement body specified (sanctions, hearings) Yes. Depending on the position of each civil servant (whether employed in central and regional services, or in a public body) there are different Disciplinary Supervisors who conduct monitoring and may issue a written reprimant for breach of duty in relation to any disciplinary offense. (Law 4057 of 2012, amending law 3528 of 2007, the Civil Service Code, Article 116(1))

Qualitative data for 2016


Legislation

Constitution, 1975, amended 2008 (Greek)pdf
Law 2843/2000missing file:
Law 3528/2007 Civil Service Code, 2007missing file:
Law 3849/2010, Amending Law 3213/2003 on Declaration and Audit Assets of Public Officials, Media Owners and Other Individuals, 2010 (Greek)pdf
Law 4057/2012, amending law 3528 of 2007, the Civil Service Code, 2012 (Greek)pdf
Penal Code, amended 2008  
Regulations of the Business of the House of Representatives 2010 (Greek)pdf

Freedom of Information

The legal framework for access to information in Greece is formed by 3 laws: Law No. 2472/1997 on Protection of persons from the processing of personal information, the Administrative Procedure Code 2690/1999, and Law No. 3448/2006 on Further use of information of the public sector. In 2015, Presidential Decree 28/2015 established the framework for the implementation of procedures for the right to access to information. 

This decree also established the right to information from public bodies, the process for appeals, as well as the process for obtaining information. 

There is no specific body that serves as an independent appeals mechanism for the resolution of conflicts arising from the non-disclosure of information from authorities. However, requesters have an ultimate recourse to the General Inspector of Public Administration (not specifically established for Freedom of Information Legislation), who considers each case in the second instance. After this, applicants may file for claims for damages before the competent court, according to civil liability provisions.


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

201220152016Trend
Scope and Coverage242436
Information access and release100100100
Exceptions and Overrides505050
Sanctions for non-compliance000
Monitoring and Oversight000

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Scope and Coverage

Scope of disclosure

Existence of legal right to access Yes. 1. Each person, acting on his own or together with others, shall have the right, observing the laws of the State, to petition in writing public authorities, who shall be obliged to take prompt action in accordance with provisions in force, and to give a written and reasoned reply to the petitioner as provided by law. / 3. A request for information shall oblige the competent authority to reply, provided that the law stipulates. (Constitution of Greece, Article 10)
"Information" or "Documents" is defined Yes. “interested persons” may request administrative documents which are defined as “all documents produced by public authorities such as reports, studies, minutes statistics, administrative circulars, responses opinions and decisions. (Article 5(1), Law 2690/1999 Administrative Procedure Code)
Proactive disclosure is specified No. Absent from legal framework

Coverage of public and private sectors

Executive branch Yes. 1. Any interested party is entitled, by written application, to be informed of administrative documents. Administrative documents are documents drawn up by public services, such as reports, studies, minutes, statistical data, circulars, replies of the Administration, opinions and resolutions. 3. ...The competent administrative authority may refuse to satisfy this right if the document refers to the discussions of the Cabinet of Ministers or if the satisfaction of this right may substantially obstruct the investigation of judicial, police or military authorities (Article 5, Law 2690/1999 Administrative Procedure Code)
Legislative branch Yes. 1. Any interested party is entitled, by written application, to be informed of administrative documents. Administrative documents are documents drawn up by public services, such as reports, studies, minutes, statistical data, circulars, replies of the Administration, opinions and resolutions. (Article 5, Law 2690/1999 Administrative Procedure Code)
Judicial branch No. Absent from legal framework
Other public bodies No. Absent from legal framework
Private sector No. Absent from legal framework

Access to specific documents (subject to reactive and/or proactive disclosure)

Draft legal instruments No. Absent from legal framework
Enacted legal instruments No. Absent from legal framework
Annual budgets No. Absent from legal framework
Annual chart of accounts (actual expenditures) No. Absent from legal framework
Annual reports of public entities and programs No. Absent from legal framework

Information access and release

Procedural access

Universal access (agencies, citizens and non-citizens) Yes. 2. Any person having special legal interest is entitled, by written application, to be informed of private documents kept in public services that are related to his/her case pending before them or handled by them. (Article 5, Law 2690/1999 Administrative Procedure Code)
Type of request is specified (written, electronic, oral) Yes. Requests for documents shall be submitted in writing or electronically to the authority which issued or is in possession of the document. ( Article 5(1), Law 3448/2006 on Further use of information of the public sector)
Assistance to requesters must be provided by law (includes barriers due to language differences, illiteracy, complexity of requests, etc.) Yes. 3….If the interested party states that she cannot write, the competent public servant, following an oral account of the request of the interested party, is obliged to draw up the application himself/herself. (Article 3, Law 2690/1999 Administrative Procedure Code)
Cost of access is specified (free, request fees, photocopying costs, other administrative costs) Yes. Where charges are applied, either in accordance with the provisions of this law or in accordance with provisions already in force, the total income from allowing re-use of documents shall not exceed the cost of collection, production, reproduction and dissemination, including a reasonable return on investment, it has given the public body concerned, taking into account the likely costs for further processing in accordance with Article 3 (2) of this law. The fees must be calculated based on the costs incurred during the relevant period and in accordance with accounting principles applicable to the public sector bodies involved. 2.When the public sector body issues or holds documents that contain information and uses that information in the context of economic activities, can not impose fees higher than foreseen in the previous paragraph. (Article 8, Law 3448/2006 on Further use of information of the public sector)

Deadlines for release of information

20-day response deadline Yes. If no provision is stipulated for the release of documents, the relevant authorities release the information within 20 working days from the date of receipt of the request. ( Article 5(2), Law 3448/2006 on Further use of information of the public sector)
Agency granted right to extend response time Yes. The deadline of 20 working days may be extended by a further 20 working days in the cases of large or complex requests. In this case, a response is issues within 3 weeks of the date of request to inform of the deadline extension. ( Article 5(2), Law 3448/2006 on Further use of information of the public sector)
Maximum total response time of no more than 40 days Yes. The deadline of 20 working days may be extended by a further 20 working days in the cases of large or complex requests. In this case, a response is issues within 3 weeks of the date of request to inform of the deadline extension. ( Article 5(2), Law 3448/2006 on Further use of information of the public sector)

Exceptions and Overrides

Exemptions to disclosure

Existence of secrecy/states secrets law No. Absent from legal framework
Existence of personal privacy/data law Yes. Law 2472/1997 on the Protection of Individuals with regard to the Processing of Personal Data (Law 2472/1997 on the Protection of Individuals with regard to the Processing of Personal Data)
Specific exemptions to disclosure Yes. The provisions of the present law are not applicable to documents: a) The granting of which is not within the public task of the relevant public sector entities as defined by applicable provisions b) For which third parties or public sector bodies hold intellectual or industrial property. c) documents which are excluded from access in particular for reasons relating to: i) national security, defense or public security and ii) the statistical, commercial or industrial confidentiality. d) documents held by public service broadcasters and their subsidiaries or other organizations and their subsidiaries for the fulfillment of public tasks in the form of a broadcast. e) documents held by educational, research or cultural institutions, such as schools, Universities, Technological Institutes, archives, libraries, museums, orchestras, operas, theaters and research facilities or other maintenance organizations profit and loss investigations. Documents can also be restricted if they relate to discussions of the Council of Ministers or if they could harm judicial, military or administrative investigations of criminal or administrative offenses. ( Article 5(1), Law 3448/2006 on Further use of information of the public sector Article 5(3), Law 2690/1999 Administrative Procedure Code)
Public Interest test: Specified exemptions to disclosure may be overridden in cases where disclosure of information benefits the public interest.

Appeals

Appeals allowed within public entities Yes. Administrative appeals are allowed within 10 days of the issuing of a negative response by the revelant body. Administrative appeals are allowed before the General Inspector of Public Administration, who considers in second instance in law and substance ( Article 5(4), Law 3448/2006 on Further use of information of the public sector)
Independent, non-judicial appeals mechanism, e.g., information commissioner. Does not include Ombudsman unless appeals decisions are binding. No. Absent from legal framework
Judicial appeals mechanism No. Judicial appeals mechanism is not applicable. ( Article 5(5), Law 3448/2006 on Further use of information of the public sector)

Sanctions for non-compliance

Administrative sanctions are specified for violations of disclosure requirements No. Absent from legal framework
Fines are specified for violations of disclosure requirements No. Absent from legal framework
Criminal sanctions are specified for violations of disclosure requirements No. Absent from legal framework

Monitoring and Oversight

Information officers must be appointed in public agencies No. Absent from legal framework
Public body that is responsible for applying sanctions No. Absent from legal framework
Public body that is responsible for public outreach (raising public awareness) No. Absent from legal framework
Nodal agency for RTI (implementation support/compliance within public sector). Does not include Ombudsman. No. Absent from legal framework
Ombudsman involvement in implementation is specified by law No. Absent from legal framework
Reporting of data and/or implementation is required No. Absent from legal framework

Qualitative data for 2016


Legislation

Constitution of Greece, 1975 (English)pdf
Law 2690/1999 Administrative Procedure Code (English)pdf
Law 3448/2006 on Further use of information of the public sector (English)pdf
Law 2472/1997 on the Protection of Individuals with regard to the Processing of Personal Data (English)pdf

Public Procurement

The Greek public procurement system is regulated by several legal acts, such as the Law 2286/1995 (on public procurement), PD 118/2007 (on public supplies) and other decrees special legislation. The public procurement body is the Independent Authority for Public Procurement.

The lowest minimum thresholds for conducting a public procurement tender are:

EUR 137000 for goods

EUR 5278000 for works

EUR 137000 for services

There is no requirement on a minimum number of bidders in any procedure type. The minimum submission period is 52 days for open procedures, 37 days for restricted procedures and 37 for negotiated procedures from dispatch date. The final beneficial owners do not have to be disclosed when placing a bid.

There is a possibility for preferential treatment, as sustainability can be considered during the procedure. There are options for bid exclusion: participation in a criminal organization, bribery, fraud, money laundering. 

In the bid evaluation phase, there is no separate conflict of interest regulation on the composition of the evaluation committee.


Quantitative Data

Primary Metric

201220152016Trend
Scope7878
Information availability6060
Evaluation6767
Open competition2828
Institutional arrangements2121

Values lie in range between 0 and 100, higher values implying higher legislation comprehensiveness


Qualitative Data

We are frequently reviewing and refining our data, so in case you notice any mistake in our assessment, feel free to send us an email by clicking the button ()

Scope

Threshold - lowest PP

What is the minimum contract value above which the public procurement law is applied? (Product type GOODS) EUR 20000. (Public Procurement Law 4281/2014, Article 144)
What is the minimum contract value above which the public procurement law is applied? (Product type WORKS) EUR 20000. (Public Procurement Law 4281/2014, Article 144)
What is the minimum contract value above which the public procurement law is applied? (Product type SERVICES) EUR 20000. (Public Procurement Law 4281/2014, Article 144)

Threshold - by PP type

What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Entity: PUBLIC SECTOR) EUR 60000. 0 ( )
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Entity: UTILITIES) EUR 414000. 0
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Entity: DEFENCE) EUR 134000. 0

Threshold - by product type

What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Product type GOODS) EUR 60000. 0 (Public Procurement Law 4281/2014, Article 143 (and Article 136 on publication))
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Product type WORKS) EUR 60000. 0 (Public Procurement Law 4281/2014, Article 143 (and Article 136 on publication))
What are the minimum application thresholds for the procurement type? (Product type SERVICES) EUR 60000. 0 (Public Procurement Law 4281/2014, Article 143 (and Article 136 on publication))

Information availability

Publishing and record keeping

Which are the documents which are published in full? Not specified. 0 ( )
Are any of these documents published online at a central place? Not specified. 0 ( )
Is it mandatory to keep these records? Public notices of bidding opportunities, Bidding documents and addenda, Bid opening records, Bid evaluation reports, Formal appeals by bidders and outcomes, Final signed contract documents and addenda and amendments, Claims and dispute resolutions, Final payments, Disbursement data (as required by the country’s financial management system) Yes. The Central Electronic Registry for Procurement consists of two parts (a) Electronic Register for Requests, containing all requests of the public sector entities; b) the Electronic Registy for Procurement which is required to hold records of all public contracts, under the responsibility of the competent body, after signing a contract but before performing any expenditure.
Are contracts awarded within a framework agreement published? Yes. YES In order to permit assessment of made in implementing the present, Ministry of Development and the Ministry of Economy and Finance send to the European Commission, the by 31 October each year, separate statistical report, drawn up in accordance with Article 57, on the public procurement of suppliers contracts and services, respectively, have concluded the contracting authorities during the preceding year. The same obligation holds and the General Secretariat Public Works, the Ministry of Environment coun-rotaxias and Public Works on Government works contracts. Require contracting authorities send the related statements of works, services and supplies that awarded during the pre- previous year, by 31 July each year, in respective ministries

Sub-contracting

Is it mandatory to publish information on subcontractors in some cases? No. Not specified
If yes, above what proportion of subcontracted value is it mandatory?

Evaluation

Preferential treatment

Is there a ban on mentioning specific companies or products in tender specification/call for tender? No.
Are there restrictions on allowable grounds for tenderer exclusion? Not specified. 0
Is there a preferential treatment for small-to-medium enterprises (SMEs)? No.
Is there a preferential treatment for local/national companies? (companies from other EU MS are considered foreign companies) Νο. The provision stipulates that the award of public contracts to offshore companies is not allowed.
Is there a specific set of rules for green/sustainable procurement? Yes.
Are some bids automatically excluded such as lowest/highest price; unusually low price, etc. No. 0

Bid evaluation

Is scoring criteria published and explicit? Yes. Declaration to conduct an open auction contains at least the following data according to the bidding system: […] k) The score criteria for highlighting the best bid if the evaluation of tenders and any remuneration of remarkable studies.
Can evaluation decision be made by a single person (as opposed to a committee)? No. no "contracting authorities"
Are there regulations on evaluation committee composition to prevent conflict of interest? Yes. The members of the Authority are chosen by the House of Representatives in line with the Constitution, and are appointed by the Minister of Development, Competitiveness and Shipping after consulting the Committee for Transparency of the House. / The President and other members of the Authority shall not hold any paid or unpaid public office or any other occupation that is incompatible with the role and the function of the Authority.
If yes, what is banned? The President and other members of the Authority shall not hold any paid or unpaid public office or any other occupation that is incompatible with the role and the function of the Authority. In particular they shall not be permitted to provide services under the freedom of their position to contracting authorities or to natural or legal persons who participate in competitions or procure. The members of the Authority are not allowed, for five (5) years after the expiry of their mandate to provide service to a paid order or any legal relationship, a company or enterprise in those cases, for which they have handled information or had participated in a decision during their term..
Is some part of evaluation comitee mandatorily independent of contracting authority? No. 0
Are scoring results recorded and publicly available? Yes. In order to permit assessment of made in implementing the present, Ministry of Development and the Ministry of Economy and Finance send to the European Commission, the by 31 October each year, separate statistical report, drawn up in accordance with Article 57, on the public procurement of suppliers contracts and services, respectively, have concluded the contracting authorities during the preceding year. The same obligation holds and the General Secretariat Public Works, the Ministry of Environment coun-rotaxias and Public Works on Government works contracts. Require contracting authorities send the related statements of works, services and supplies that awarded during the pre- previous year, by 31 July each year, in respective ministries
Under which conditions can the tender be cancelled? Not specified. 0

Open competition

CFT publication

Where should the call for tenders be published? (Procedure type: OPEN) Yes. European Commission: "buyer's profile" Contracting authorities shall make known a prior information notice published by the Commission or by themselves on their "buyer profile" as referred to in Annex VIII, point 2, point b)
Where should the call for tenders be published? (Procedure type: RESTRICTED) Yes. Contracting authorities shall publish relevant pro- contract notice. With the invitation and tef chemical contest communicate their needs and requirements
Where should the call for tenders be published? (Procedure type: NEGOTIATED) No. No requirement: Contracting authorities do not need to publish a contract notice where they include in the negotiated procedure all the tenderers who satisfy the criteria of Articles 144-151 and who, during the open or restricted procedure, have submitted admissible tenders.

Minimum # of bidders

If there is a minimum number of bidders stipulated, under what conditions? RESTRICTED Not specified. 0
If there is a minimum number of bidders stipulated, under what conditions? NEGOTIATED Not specified.
If there is a minimum number of bidders stipulated, under what conditions? COMPETITIVE DIALOGUE Not specified.

Bidding period length

What are the minimum number of days for advertisement required? (Procedure type: OPEN) 22. In the open procedure, the minimum time limit for receipt of tenders shall be fifty-two (22) days from the date of dispatch of the notice. (Public Procurement Law 4281/2014, Article 145, a)
What are the minimum number of days for advertisement required? (Procedure type: RESTRICTED) 15. In restricted procedures, the minimum time limit for receipt of tenders is forty (15) days from the date of the invitation (tender). (Public Procurement Law 4281/2014, Article 145, b)
What are the minimum number of days for advertisement required? (Procedure type: NEGOTIATED) 15. In negotiated procedures with publication of a contract notice and the competitive dialogue the minimum time limit for receipt of requests to participate is thirty-seven (15) days from the date of dispatch of the contract notice (Public Procurement Law 4281/2014, Article 145, b)

Institutional arrangements

Institutions and regulations

What are the main EXCEPTIONS preventing the application of the public procurement law for tenders/organisations? Contracts in the water, energy, transport and postal services are excluded from the scope of this Decree. / Public contracts whose principal aim is the provision or operation of public telecommunications networks or to provide one or more telecommunications services are not included in the scope of this decree. / Secret contracts and contracts requiring special security measures / Contracts awarded pursuant to international rules / Specific Exclusions / Service contacts excluded on the basis of exclusive right.
What are the main types of institutions which have to apply the public procurement law? Public Enterprises and Public entities Legal persons etc.
What are the main procedure types or procurement methods permitted by law? Open, restricted, negotiated, competitive dialog.
Is there a procurement arbitration court dedicated to public procurement cases? Νο. Jurisdiction over disputes is the administrative or civil appeals court in the district where the work is performed. Prorogation of jurisdiction is not allowed. If the work is performed in the region where two or more courts of appeal have jurisdiction, the competent one is appointed by the Chairman of the State Council or the Supreme Court, at the request of those interested in bringing an action.
Is there a procurement regulatory body dedicated to public procurement? Yes. Independent Unified Public Procurement Authority
Is the procurement regulatory body independent?
Is the procurement advisors' profession legally defined (i.e. degree to be obtained, official list of members of the professional association) and its role in the tendering procedure described (e.g. right to draft tender documentations, conduct market research identifying bidders)? No. 0
Is disclosure of final, beneficial owners required for placing a bid? No. 0

Complaints

Is there a fee for arbitration procedure? Νο. 1. The call for competition or a project for execution can approve and include an arbitration clause. 2. The approval and the terms of the arbitration are established without any commitment from any other provision, with joint decision of the Ministers of Environment, Planning and Public Works, Finance and the competent Minister as appropriate.
If yes, how much Not applicable. 0
Is there a ban on contract signature until arbitration court decision (first instance court)? Νο. 0
What is the maximum number of days until arbitration court decision from filing a complaint? Not specified. 0
Are arbitration court decisions required to be publicly released? No. 0

Qualitative data for 2016


Legislation

Presidential Decree 60/2007missing file:
Law 4013/2011missing file:
Law 3669/2008missing file: